|Stanton - From an Old Painting|
This is the first (or closest to the wall) of two layers of wallpaper removed from an unidentified room at the Hit or Miss Hotel, George Street, Hamilton Tasmania. It is unknown when this hotel was built though the retrieved wallpapers suggest it was in place by the 1850s at the latest. In October 1842, the Hobart Town Gazette published a list of licences to retail wine, spirit etc - on that list was James Middleton of the Hit or Miss Hotel. Although a Hit or Miss Hotel was in existence from as early as 1842, it is unknown if it is the same building from which the wallpapers were retrieved.
A photograph of the two-storey Hit or Miss Hotel appeared in Michael Sharland's 'Stones of a Century' in 1952. It was at that time being used as a private residence but was clearly not structurally sound as a timber prop was being used on the front right of the building. In the same photo, the nearby brewery was in ruins.
By August 1975, the 'Hamilton Town Study', written by architects Howroyd & Forward, showed a photograph of the Hit or Miss Hotel almost completely demolished. According to the report, the demolition had occurred 'in the last decade.'
The wallpaper comes from a personal and professional collection accumulated by eminent conservation architect, Clive Lucas, over the last 30 years. It is one of over 90 wallpaper fragments, most dating between 1840 and 1910, which were retrieved by Lucas from more than 20 different buildings in NSW, Tasmania and England. Lucas retrieved some of the samples whilst working on a property. Many of the samples were subsequently glued into a scrapbook by Lucas (or his wife) – none of the samples have been removed from the backing boards but the scrapbook has been dismantled for conservation reasons and the acidic tissue interleaving has been removed. The original order of the scrapbook is reflected in the part numbers of the wallpapers – part 1 being the original first page of the scrapbook. There were also a number of loose samples at the back of the scrapbook which have been added to the end of the numbering sequence.
Hit or Miss Hotel/Hamilton/TAS/Australia
Edward was born at Sampford Courtnay in Devon, son of Edward Westlake and Mary Reddaway, and baptised on 28th December 1752. He married Elizabeth Mortimer at Chagford, Devon, on 30th December 1779, and their sons John born 1780, Edward born 1784, and Thomas born 1785 were all born at Chagford where their father Edward was a farmer.
In March 1788, not long after arriving, a party of 23 people including 15 convicts (9male, 6 female) were chosen to make the 1368 klm journey to Norfolk Island. The aim was to farm the land and to grow crops to support the increasing population in Sydney.
Edward was sent as he was the best of a bad lot.
Given that the convicts were chained together, the conditions must have been deplorable.
Three of the Norfolk Islanders were the Devon men, John Mortimore, Noah Mortimore and Edward Westlake, each had been jointly tried at Exeter for stealing a sheep valued at twelve shillings, and forty pounds of mutton valued at ten shillings. The sheep stealing charge was dismissed but each received seven years transportation on the second count. John and Noah may have been father and son as John was stated to be 70 years of age when he received 100 lashes on Norfolk Island in 1791.
At the time of his conviction, it was noted that his partners in the crime were John Mortimer and Noah Mortimer. Edward was married to Elizabeth Mortimer, so it is assumed that they were relations of hers.
Given that the convicts were chained together, the conditions must have been deplorable.
There are some articles relating to Edward in the Tasmanian newspapers, he was able to supply wheat, and then in 1823, his land lease had not been taken up.
Elizabeth Wood (born about 1763), she married John Wood. They had a daughter Elizabeth Ann Wood born 1787
AGNES GRAY sworn.
I am a widow. I lost fifteen shillings in money, I keep a Turner's shop , No. 29, Cow-lane, Smithfield ; the prisoner came to me on Thursday before Good Friday, and ordered a mat, a broom, a a basket, and a whitening brush, and told me I must send change for a guinea, I made a bill out, they came to six shillings and I gave it to her, and gave the change to my girl.
ANN - sworn.
I am servant to the widow lady Mrs. Gray; I had orders the Thursday before Good Friday, to go along with the prisoner at the bar, I took a mat with me and a large hair broom, that was all I took, the prisoner took the rest, the basket and the whitening brush; I took fifteen shillings with me which my mistress gave me; I went with her till she came to Mr. Smith's in Smithfield an oil shop, she said, she wanted something there that was wanting in the house, and if I would let her have the money I should save her the trouble of coming out again, and she would take the things she wanted in with her.
Q. Did she live at that oil shop? - No.
Q. Did you know her when you see her last Monday week? - I did not, she was serving a lad in the same manner, and I asked him if the woman had his money from him? he said, yes; I was in Charter-house-square, I watched her then where she went to, she went into the corner of barbican a public house, and when she came out from there, the people of the oil shop to whom the boy belonged came to her and had the money back again; and then she went to an old iron shop and from there to several other places, I pursued her about an hour and a half before I could get any body to get a constable; I took her at last in Cloth Fair, and the constable took her into the public house, the sign of the Punch Bowl in Long lane, where she had served them in the same manner.
Q. Was any of the fifteen shillings marked at all? - No.
Q. Have you the money taken on her? - Yes, the constable has got what was found on her.
Q. Did you part with the other things? - My mistress has got them again.
Prisoner. I wish to know whether ever she saw me before she saw me at Guildhall? - After she had first got the money from me I saw her at Charter-house-square, and then afterwards at Guildhall.
LAZARUS JACOBS sworn.
I am a constable; I was sent for on the 27th of May, there were two or three people came to my house; I examined her, I found on her half a guinea and three shillings, but nothing that that young woman could swear to.
Prisoner. I live two or three doors from the prosecutor, I have lived there this two years; the prosecutor and the girl have both of them been at my apartment; I went into Middle-street Cloth Fair last week, and somebody charged me with a defraud, and I was committed to the Compter, this person, the prosecutor, said that she knew me to be the same person by being a tall woman, they have been both at my house in Cow-lane, I don't live ten doors from them.
The prisoner called seven witnesses who gave her a very good character.
Jury to Prosecutor. Did you know that the prisoner did live in Cow-lane? - I did not know it till after she was committed.
GUILTY . (Aged 33.)
Imprisoned six months in Newgate and fined 1 s.
Tried by the London Jury before Mr. RECORDER.
ISAAC GARNER sworn.
I live near Shoreditch turnpike ; I am a hosier ; I was not at home at the time the robbery happened; I only speak to the property.
ELIZABETH GARNER sworn.
On the 19th of August , the two prisoners came into our shop; I never saw them before; I was in the shop; the prisoner Wood asked for men's ribbed cotton stockings; I shewed them some at three shillings and six-pence a pair; they did not like the rib; I shewed them another, but they were not fine enough; then the prisoner Conjuit said there is a pair at the corner of the window, of dark stockings with clocks, which we wish to look at; while I was getting them, I saw the tall prisoner take the pair of cotton; I did not see her take the pair of silk; I asked her four shillings for the dark stockings; she bid me three shillings; I told her we did not deal in that manner; then she bid me six-pence more; I saw the cotton stockings under her arm; I did not see the silk stockings till I came round the counter; she had put the cotton stockings under her cloak; under her right arm, but covered them quite; I took them from her; she gave me bad language; they were both in liquor; she swore, but I cannot recollect the words: the prisoner Wood dropped the silk stockings from her left side, when I shook her; and the little prisoner took them up, and said are these yours? I said yes; and sent for an officer; he told me to take them into the parlour and search them; I found nothing but duplicates of four pair of stockings pawned that day; I never saw the prisoners before; I saw the silk stockings ten minutes before they came in; they hung on a line at the door and the cotton next to them; the prisoners were twenty minutes in the shop after I began to suspect them; I looked sharp, and saw the prisoner Wood take the cotton stockings.
Court. What distance from the line was the prisoner? - About two yards.
Was it possible these stockings could be shook off the line? - I was on the opposite side of the shop, towards the top, and the line was at the door; I gave the stockings to the officer, and he gave them to me again; I have kept them till this morning.
(The stockings produced and deposed to.)
JAMES SHAKESHAFT sworn.
I returned the same stockings again to Mrs. Garner.
PRISONER WOOD's DEFENCE.
I went to buy my husband a pair of stockings; I asked for a pair of mottled stockings with clocks; she shewed me one pair: I told her, they were too good; she said she missed a pair of stockings; she ran from behind the counter, and shook me in such a manner, whether they fell down or not, I cannot say; I sell things in the streets.
PRISONER CONJUIT's DEFENCE.
I went with this Mrs. Wood to buy a pair of stockings; I had the child in my arms, I saw a pair of silk stockings laying, the child took them up, and gave them to the prosecutrix, the prosecutrix bid me go; she said she said she had nothing against me, I would not go out, the officer came and took us both.
Prosecutrix. I stopped her, and would not let her go, I locked her in, she said she had left half a guinea over the way.
ELIZABETH GILL sworn.
I know Sarah Conjuit from a baby; and her mother and father are very honest industrious, good people; her poor mother lays almost dead in the yard now; I cannot say I ever knew any thing against her till now; she has been a girl on the town, misfortunate, but nothing else.
BOTH GUILTY, Of stealing, but not privately .
The Prosecutrix recommended the prisoners to the mercy of the Court.
Tried by the second Middlesex Jury before Mr. Justice WILSON.
The "Neptune" sailed as part of the Second Fleet from Portsmouth on 17th January 1790; the "Neptune" was built in the Thames in 1779 and was the largest vessel used to that date in transporting convicts. She arrived at the Cape of Good Hope on 13rd April and after 16 days at the Cape she sailed again on 29th April, arriving at Port Jackson, New South Wales, 28th June 1790, having been 160 days on passage.
A total of 502 convicts embarked on "Neptune", 161 died at sea and 269 sick were landed at Port Jackson. The conditions on board were indescribably bad, scurvy was rife.
Elizabeth and her small daughter were sent from Port Jackson to Norfolk Island on the "Surprize", arriving 7th August 1790.
Edward and Elizabeth had 7 children.
Samuel 1792 1871 in Geelong Hospital
Mary born 1794, 1879 m John Broadhurst Boothman, and had 7 children
Ann born 1796, m Joseph Morris
Susannah 1799 1882,
Richard 1800, 1881 in Bourke NSW
George 1802 1814
Charles 1804 1877. in Hobart
According to the Monument in St David's Park, Susannah Westlake's name does not appear on the records of the "City of Edinburgh,".
Records indicate that Elizabeth Westlake died in Hobart 19th November 1808.
King had promised that they could return to England after their sentences were complete.
Jamieson, Surgeon s Mate of the "Sirius"; Mr James Cunningham, Master s Mate of the "Sirius"; Mr T. Altree, Assistant Surgeon; two seamen- Roger Morely & William Westbrook; two Marines from the "Sirius"-Kerridge & Batchelor; Six female convicts-Elizabeths Lee, Hipsley & Colley, Olive Gascoin, Ann Inett and Susan Gough; six male convicts-Charles Mc Lellan, Richard Widdicombe, Edward Garth, Edward Westlake, John Mortimore, Noah Mortimore, Nathaniel Lucas and two other names not known.
In Jul 1791 he was subsisting three persons on a one acre size Sydney town lot with 58 rods
The journal written by Phillip Gidley King is well worth reading as it details the events of the day.
Colleen McCullough wrote a book about her husband's family, called Morgan's Run. It tells the story of Richard Morgan and others, about their life and times in the First Settlement it is well worth reading.
In Aug 1807 he is recorded as holding 82 acres, 15 in grain and 67 pasture, with 21 sheep, 36 hogs and 100 bushels of maize in hand.
"We arrived here in safety after a most favourable passage of 19 days (ship records say it took 23 days). We encountered no storms and the sea was so smooth that an open boat might safely come the same voyage, which was a happy circumstance considering the great number packed and stored on board, whose situation would be deplorable had we encountered bad weather.....On our arrival here the settlers and others were billeted on the inhabitants of this town, which is far larger than you could suppose. The houses in general are lath and plaster, and immoderately dear, as a house equal in size to your workshop, of such bad materials, would bring you 50 pounds."
Colonial Secretary s Index held at NSW Archives lists :-
"1796, Dec 30 - on list of all grants and leases of land registered in the CSO
In an index to land grants in VDL (1813) -Fiche 3262; 4/438. p.94.
1819-1822 On list of persons owing quit rents in VDL, for land at Clarence Plains
25 May 1821- Indebted to the Government at Hobart (Reel 6054; 4/1757 p 64c.)
In 1815 he signed a petition for a Court of Criminal Judicature.
"Hobart Town Gazette" Sat 29 March 1817 : "A List of Settlers who have tendered Wheat for Supply of His Majesty's Stores, with the Quantity that will be received from each-- Edw. Westlake 39 bushels"
"H.T. Gazette" Sat 14 Feb 1818 under Public Notice: "The under-mentioned Grants of Land are now lying at the Acting Deputy Assistant Commissary General s Office for Delivery on the Fees being paid which are due thereon- Edward Westlake, 105 acres, 2/2/7d"
The 1818 Muster taken from 7 Sep till 2 Oct, 1818 listed every person in Hobart Town includes Edward Westlake as off the stores.
"H.T.Gazette" 28 Mar 1823 advertised a 60 acre grant for Edward Westlake that would be relinquished if not taken up
Elizabeth Westlake was buried as Elizabeth Wood in Hobart on 19th November 1808 (age given as 45). Edward Westlake died in New Norfolk 11th November 1828 (age given as 77).
"For stealing one weather sheep price 12 shillings the goods of John Rowe and for stealing 40 pounds of mutton, value 10 shillings the goods of a person unknown."
All three men were found not guilty of the first charge but guilty of the second and ten
12 Jul 1845
Woodbury Private 6kms S. Tunbridge
In index to land grants in Van Diemen's Land [1813 & 1817]; appears as Pillenger (Fiche 3262; 4/438 pp.70, 71)
On list of persons who have had lands measured in Van Diemen's Land but have not received their grants (Reel 6048; 4/1742 p.297)
On list of persons owing quit rents in Van Diemen's Land; for land in the District of Clarence Plains (Fiche 3270; X19 p.20)
1821 May 25
Indebted to the Government at Hobart; appears as Pillanger (Reel 6054; 4/1757 p.64b)
For the plaintiff, Mr. F. Smith, with Messrs. Butler & Nutt; for the defendant, Mr. Macowell, with Mr. Harrison.
The following were the jurors:-T. G. Greg-son (foreman). J. D. Lock, A. Morrison, Charles Harrison, A. Goldie, T. Hopkins, Henry Lloyd, R. L Stewart, Jos. Ferguson. F. Smith, T. W. Parramore, J K Buscombe, Esquires.
Mr. Smith stated the case to the jury. This was a prosecution on the part of the Queen upon a scire facias, to repeal a grant of land which had been issued to the defendant. Mr James Pillinger, and comprising 389 acres of land at Antill Ponds. Although the Queen was the nominal plaintiff, tho actual plaintiff was the heiress of the late Captain Harris Walker, now Mr. Nutt, who complained that by the misrepresentation of the defendant, some sixty acres of her land had been granted to him. This was the only process by which the repeal of a Crown grant could be effected, although formerly the Crown could at once repeal its own grants ; in more liberal times, however, the subject was allowed to appeal to a jury by scire jacias, and it was for the jury there-fore to inquire whether or not the defendant bad. by misrepresentation or otherwise, encroached upon the plaintiff's land, upon the northern, eastern, and western boundaries, to the extent complained of. Pillinger claimed the ownership under a Brisbane grant to William Nicholls in 1823, but the land now claimed "by the plaintiff was comprised in a new grant of March, 1844, which he obtained through Messrs. Butler & Co., whom he employed for that purpose. The plan, moreover, upon which tho grant was founded, was made by Mr. Allan Jackson, a friend and neighbour of Mr. Pillinger's, but was subsequently recognised by the Surveyor-General, and the grant issued.
The learned counsel here adverted to several plans and diagrams which had been prepared by different surveyors-by Messrs. Scott, Woodward, Malcolm, and others, who. he contended, could have no interest in misrepresenting the boundaries, as they merely acted in the performance of their official duties ; so that, he observed, there were five plans by persons totally uninterested, to one by a friend and neighbour. In conclusion, Mr. Smith again adverted to the nature of the proceedings of the action, and then proceeded to call his witnesses.
Of these a considerable number were called on both sides, to prove the plans, the grants, and the boundaries. Both the learned counsel engaged exerted themselves tilth much ability, and about nine o'clock, so satisfied were the jury of the correctness of Mr. Pillinger's claim, that with-out retiring, they returned a verdict of Not Guilty.
He was found dead in Mr Neil Lewis's run in Milford, Cambridge on 8 June 1878, in an advanced state of decomposition. He was 50 years old. An inquest returned an open verdict however given a partly full bottle of Strychnine was found near the corpse, Strychnine poisoning was presumed to be the cause of death. Mr Pillinger's wife, Amelia, died on Smooth Island on 1 October 1876 after a 'short and painful' illness. Mr Pillinger probably sold the island between 1877 and 1878.] Edward Pillinger was the brother-in-law of Mr Vimpany
How was the relationship forged?
Edward married Amelia Little, perhaps she had been married before, although her marriage record shows she is a spinster.
Had her mother married Edmund Vimpany as a second husband.
Edmund however, was never short of having a brush with the law.
He appears to have a son, who married a girl named Sarah
Offence: Theft > simple larceny
ELIZA JONES. I am single , and keep a haberdasher's shop in Stockbridge-terrace, Pimlico . On the night of the 3rd of April I missed a pair of woman's boots from my window, which I had seen safe five minutes before.
JAMES NICHOLLS. I live in Webster's cottages, Westminster, and drive a cab. I was at Stockbridge-terrace on the evening of the 3rd of April - I saw the prisoner come out of the prosecutrix's shop, with a pair of ladies boots, which he gave to another boy, and they ran off; I gave notice of it; I am sure the prisoner had them.
Prisoner. He is a thief himself; he told me to go and take the boots - I would not, and he went and took them - because we would not give him any of the money, he said he would tell of me. Witness. I had never seen him before.
STEPHEN SAMUEL SHEPPEY . I lived at Mr. Jones, a pawnbroker. On the 3rd of April these boots were pawned, between six and seven o'clock in the evening, by Elizabeth Cryer , in the name of Perry.
GEORGE SPOTTISWOOD PECK. I am an officer. I took the prisoner in his father's house, on the 4th of April; he told me where the boots were pawned; I took the prosecutrix there, and she identified them.
ELIZABETH CRYER. I live in St. Alban's-mews, and am a flower-maker. I was going out on an errand, and met the prisoner, who asked me to pawn the boots - he said they were his mother's; Taylor and Harris were with him.
JAMES NICHOLLS re-examined. Q. How came you not to stop him? A. I knew he had not got them, for he gave them to another boy in a fustian jacket.
Prisoner. He took them, and gave them to me. Witness. I did not - I was in the middle of the road.(Property produced and sworn to.)
GUILTY *. Aged 24. - Transported for Seven Years .
Alfred was educated at private schools and Horton College in Ross and became enthusiastic for astronomy. He then worked for his father and soon won repute as an expert in farming and husbandry. With headquarters at his father's property, Millbrook, near Tunbridge, he acquired various other holdings totalling 15,000 acres (6075 ha) and stocked them with cattle and merino sheep. Worried by the drain of young Tasmanians to the mainland, he told the select committee on immigration in 1865 that the island had at least a million unsettled acres (405,000 ha) fit for cultivation where newcomers could start with only £50 if they clubbed with neighbours for acquiring bullocks and equipment. To set an example, he continued to lease crown lands and redeem them from their wild state by fencing, building and road-making at his own cost. However, the 1872 Waste Lands Act limited these activities despite his petition to parliament.
Pillinger became a coroner and a territorial magistrate. Attracted by public affairs, he was elected a councillor of the Oatlands Municipality and became its warden in 1874. He resigned in 1876 when elected for Oatlands to the House of Assembly on 17 July. He was minister for land and works under P. O. Fysh from October 1888 to August 1892 and under Sir Edward Braddon from April 1894 to May 1899. He travelled widely in Tasmania and acquired exceptional understanding of parliamentary practices and local government. Although no orator, he won the respect of all parties for his shrewd judgment, sincerity and good temper. He was generous in creating jobs for those out of work and supporting those in distress, especially old people. In his own electorate he advocated conservation at Lake Crescent to provide irrigation for the lowlands and prevent flooding.
Pillinger died in Hobart on 6 May 1899 and was survived by his wife Georgina, née Nichols, whom he had married on 15 April 1886 at Castra near Ulverstone, and by one son and three daughters. His public funeral was the largest until then in Hobart. Flags were flown at half-mast in the city and the crowded service in St David's Cathedral was conducted by an Anglican clergyman. At the graveside in Cornelian Bay cemetery a Wesleyan minister gave an address since Pillinger was reared and died as a Methodist.
A. McKay (ed), Journals of the Land Commissioners for Van Diemen's Land, 1826-28 (Hob, 1962)
Votes and Proceedings (House of Assembly, Tasmania), 1865 (61), 1878 (70, 94), 1888-89 (124)
Examiner (Launceston), 8 May 1899
Mercury (Hobart), 8 May 1899.
Series 3 - Notebooks: Tasmania 1908-1910
Pitt Rivers Museum, University of Oxford