Friday, August 3, 2018

FF1 Children of William Bradshaw Back River New Norfolk

At Home in Back River

On opportunity to visit an ancestor's home does not come about very often, but that will be the case when the current owner of a home in New Norfolk will kindly open her doors to the family members of the original owners.

William Bradshaw married Mary Ann Gunn.  This is a broad outline of their children.

William and Mary had 11 children.

Elizabeth Bradshaw                   B 23 Dec 1821     d       23 Feb 1842        m    Capt Joseph Oakley
William Bradshaw                     B 6 July 1823       d            1895               m    Louisa Elwin
James Thomas Bradshaw          B            1824       d       10 July 1896   m     Ellen Bacon  d 1867                                                                                                                               m.  Jane Hay                   John Bradshaw                          B 21 Dec 1827      d       1892                    m    Maria Bacon                                                                                                         He was a miller in Oatlands         
Sarah Ann Bradshaw                  B 5 Mar 1830        d      1842                    m    Thomas Bowden
Jemima Lillian Bradshaw          B  28 Mar 1834        d    1899                     m    James Bruce
Frederick David Bradshaw        B  23 Nov 1835        d    28 June 1869       not married
Thomas Alfred Bradshaw          B 7 Nov 1839           d    6 Jan  1840
Louisa Bradshaw                        B 13 July 1843        d     1854

Harriet Mary Bradshaw              B  13 Jan 1844        d      1883                      m    Job Hale
Alfred Henry Edward Bradshaw  B  16 July 1846     d      12 May 1918       m    Margaret Spelman

They were married on 1st October 1841  She died 6 months later, and he married her aunt, Susannah Jillett, in 1846 who was the wife of  both Charles Dowdell and William Garth.  After Susannah died in 1852, he married Annie Anson, in 1853 and when she died in 1866 he married Elizabeth Ward in 1868  

A very old colonial "identity" passed away last evening in the person of Captain Joseph Oakley, who died at his residence in Picton Street, Ponsonby, at the advanced age of 79 years (says the Auckland Star of Saturday last). The deceased had suffered from Bright's disease for some years, and though his strong constitution and fine physique prolonged his life considerably beyond the allotted span, the ailment eventually carried him off. The deceased gentleman had passed through many vicissitudes during his life at sea and in the early days of the colony, and he had seen a good deal of life in the "early days" afloat and shore.

He made his first visit to New Zealand as far back as the year 1833, when an apprentice on one of the Old London Whaling Company's whaling vessels. At that time — sixty years ago—the Bay of Islands, where the whaler touched, was the rendezvous for hundreds of whaling vessels from various parts of the world - long before New Zealand became a British colony. One of Captain Oakley's fellow apprentices on this ship was Mr Wm. Brown, now a well known old resident of Whangaroa.

Mr Brown left his ship at the Bay of Islands. The deceased served his time in whaling vessels, and remained in the whaling business in the South Seas for some years. Subsequently he was in other vessels, and ran a Hobart steamer on the Derwent river (Tasmania) for some time.

Afterwards he conducted hotels at New Norfolk (Tasmania) and in Hobart, and came to New Zealand some twenty years ago. He had been retired from the sea for many years.

Captain Oakley leaves a widow and three daughters and a son, and was related to Captain John Fisher, ex-Deputy Harbor Master of this port. The family have many friends in Tasmania, Napier and elsewhere, who will greatly regret the death of the old gentleman, who was universally liked and respected. He was a man of many sterling qualities, and bore his illness with great fortitude. Captain and Mrs Oakley only celebrated their silver wedding last month.   Of interest, is that he ran for many years "The Bush Inn" in New Norfolk.

William Bradshaw Junior married Louisa Elwin 24th February 1854

They had a large family
William Elwin Bradshaw                       1855 - 1909
Edgar Bradshaw                                    1859 - 1859
Mary Hannah Bradshaw                                    1860 - 1926   m  James Mackie Hurbugh
Sara Ann Bradshaw                              1860 - 1931      m  Joseph Pybus
Amy Annie Bradshaw                           1863 - 1940  m Percy George Gatehouse
Emmaline Louisa Bradshaw                  1867 - 1943  m  William J Young
Copeland Cobden Bradshaw                  1870 - 1957  m  Annie E Ransley
Willis Windham Bradshaw                    1873  - 1957 m  Alma Hardwick
Alfred Henry Edward Bradshaw             1876  - 1952     m Daisey Dobson                    
Reginald Arthur Bradshaw                    1879  -  1962   m  Mildred Rose Hales

Quite often the best stories of our ancestors are told in their obituary, or other stories in the newspapers of the day.

James was the son of Captain James Hurburgh and Jane Devereaux.  Captain Hurburgh was a very well known mariner
Capt James Hurburgh   
The Mercury (Hobart, Tas. : 1860 - 1954) Friday 20 October 1871


For plaintiff Mr. Graves ; for defendant Mr. Moriarty.

The action was brought by Frederick Henry Wise against James Harburgh [Hurburgh], the plaint alleging that the defendant, on Tuesday, the 4th July last, so negligently and unskilfully navigated and directed a vessel known as the Letitia in the River Derwent, in the port of Hobart Town, of which he had charge as pilot, that the said vessel ran foul of, and struck against, the steamer Monarch, be-longing to the plaintiff, whereby the steamer was injured, and one of her boats stove and destroyed, and the plaintiff incurred expense in surveying and repairing the damage done to the same, and the plain-tiff lost the use of the said boat for a long time, and the profits that he might have derived there from. Damages claimed, £20 9s. 6d.

Defendant pleaded 1, not guilty by statute (21 | Vict., No. 16, sec. 64) ; 2, that the vessel was towed to her anchorage in the port by the steamer, whereof plaintiff is owner and master, while plaintiff was on board his steamer ; and the injury was caused by plaintiff's negligent and unskilful towage. 3. That the harbour master is the proper officer to navigate and direct shipping in that part of the port where the injury happened, and the harbour master was on board the steamer when the vessel was towed to an anchorage appointed and directed by him, and according to the custom and usage of the port his (the defendant's) charge as pilot ceased when the harbour master undertook the navigation and direction of the vessel.

Mr. Graves, having opened the case, said the real issue raised was who was to blame, who caused the injury?
Frederick Henry Wise, the plaintiff, deposed that he was the owner of the Monarch, steamer ; on the 4th July, his vessel was engaged to tow the brig Letitia, and witness was in charge of the steamer ; he fastened on to the brig down by Moir's shot tower. Defendant was in charge as pilot, he towed the vessel up as far as the end of the New Wharf by the Ordnance Stores. Mr. Babington, the harbour master, went in the steamer and remained in her till he gave the order to let go ; the steamer then went onwards to her usual berth at the Franklin Wharf, when the harbour master went in his boat towards the brig. Defendant was then still on board, and had dropped the anchor near the steamer ; his course was at the end of the New Wharf near the watering tap ; the anchor did not check her in time and she came on in the steamer's wake, and came right into its stern, smashing the boat and the stern of the steamer. Witness paid £12 for a new boat, and £8 9s. 6d. for repairs of the steamer; the value of the old boat was £10. Witness applied to the captain of the brig, but he declined to pay on the ground that he was under compulsory pilotage.

By Mr. Moriarty: I had the regulation of the speed of the steamer. I did not slack the speed before the anchor was let go, but the steamer was along side the wharf before the anchor was let go. The steamer was going at the rate of 4 or 5 miles an hour.

The harbour master did not give me directions where to go. I don't remember defendant giving me direction. I had a long tow line, but the speed was not too great. The tow line was let go when we were at the Prince's Steps, the brig was by the Ordnance Stores.

 I looked to Mr. Babington for directions as to when to cast off the tow line. I am not aware that defendant interfered as to when the tow line was to be cast off. The brig was deeply and heavily laden, and she went fairly into the centre of the stern. Mr. Harburgh [Hurburgh] had an opportunity of in-specting the damage. I have never known Harburgh [Hurburgh] berth a vessel, but I have known Bleach.
By the Judge : The anchor was not let go till the brig was nearly up to our berth ; she could have dropped her anchor long before she did.

John Rees, mate of the Monarch, gave corroborative evidence, and remembered the harbour master giving orders to let go the tow line about the Prince's Steps, when the steamer came on to her berth, the brig following in her wake, and running into her. The anchor of the brig dropped not far from the steamer's stern.
Cross-examined: The distance was about 100 yards, and if the brig had answered her helm there would have been no occasion for a collision.

By Mr. Graves : If I had been pilot the accident would not have happened. (A laugh.)
By the Judge : The anchor could have been let go sooner.
By a juror: We were close into Prince's Steps when we cast off, and not more than six lengths away.
Mr. Moriarty submitted that the pleas had been sustained. The first plea was not guilty by statute, the 64th section of the Port Act. It was clear that the ground tackle of the brig was not sufficient for a vessel of that burden. The harbour master had jurisdiction, and the evidence showed that he had exercised that jurisdiction.
His Honor reminded the learned counsel that no practice could relieve the pilot of his legal responsibility to bring the vessel into port, and see it safely at anchor.

Mr. Moriarty submitted that the controlling power of the brig was in the steamboat, and the defendant could hardly be held responsible for what was done by the steamboat. It was not as if the ship were under canvas and not under the control of the steamboat.

His Honor said there could be no doubt that where a vessel was to be towed by a steamer, and a pilot was on board, that pilot had the control of the vessel and also of the steamer.
Mr Moriarty said in that case the matter was nar-rowed to the question whether the tow line was thrown off at the proper time. He repudiated any imputation of negligence on Mr. Harburgh [Hurburgh] for he had only acted according to the usage of the port, and dropped the anchor when Mr Babington ordered him to do so. Mr Harburgh [Hurburgh] had been connected with the port for many years, and this was the first time that any accident had occurred. It could not be shown that there was any culpability on his part.
James Harburgh [Hurburgh], the defendant, proved that he was a pilot and had been so for eight and twenty years. He had brought up many vessels, and whenever the harbour master came he had given up the charge to him. He considered the harbour master was in charge.
Mr Graves objected to the evidence as involving mere matters of law.
His Honor said it amounted to proof that the witness had delegated to another what he ought to have done himself.
Examination continued : I considered I was bound to act upon the orders of the harbour master. I should have given the order to cast off the warp, had I considered I was in charge. The brig did not answer her helm.
By Mr Graves : It is the duty of pilots to anchor the vessel somewhere.
By Mr Moriarty : And I had anchored her at Sandy Point.

By the Judge : I gave orders to weigh anchor when she was to be towed. No sail was up. I attribute the accident to the vessel having too much impetus, being heavily laden, and the anchor not holding. Tho harbour master is harbour pilot as well; he relieves the pilot and assumes the command ; if the harbour master does not come I anchor the vessel at my own discretion, in a clear place, and the harbour master comes and takes charge. I did not get a certificate of pilotage from the captain of the vessel. Without the presence of the harbour master I should not anchor a vessel where this was anchored. I have been relieved by the harbour master while a vessel has been under sail.
Edward Imms, a boatman, proved that he watched the Letitia coming in, and her anchor was let go at the usual place.
Mr Graves replied on the evidence, submitting that the pilot was liable in this case. No doubt there had been an error in judgment on the part of Mr Harburgh [Hurburgh], and it was unfortunate for him, but it was equally unfortunate for Mr Wise.
His Honor in charging the jury having explained the nature of the claim, and of the defence set up, said the case was a novel one in this colony, and it might be owing to the skilful pilots we had had in the ports, and this, he believed, was the first case in which the law had been discussed in a court of justice here, and certainly the ideas of parties appeared to be wild as to their duties and obligations. As to the first principle to be observed in reference to the tug and tow, when the contract was made the law would imply an engagement that each vessel would perform its duty in completing it ; that proper skill and diligence would be used on board of each, and that neither vessel, by neglect or misconduct, would create unnecessary risk to the other, or increase any risk which might be incidental to the service undertaken. If in the course of the performance of this contract, any inevitable accident happened to the one without any default on the part of the other, no cause of action could arise. If, on the other hand, the wrongful act of either occasioned any damage to the other, such wrongful act would create a responsibility on the party committing it, if the sufferer had not by any misconduct or unskilfulness on his part contributed to the accident.

With reference to who was liable, a pilot when he took charge of a vessel was responsible for all that took place, for in the eye of the law both the tug and the tow, the steamer towing and the vessel towed, were under the charge of the pilot, for the steamer was looked on as nothing more than the motive power of the ship, and tho pilot was in charge ot the whole ; the law was that the pilot had the absolute control. Dr Lushington, Judge of the Admiralty Court, said, " I consider it to be part of the contract itself that the steam tug should be subservient to the pilot on board the vessel in tow, and that it is the duty of the per-sons on board the steam tug implicitly to obey and carry out his orders." Then it was put as a ground of defence that the harbour master had charge. Now, if the harbour master had charge, no doubt he was the person who should be there as defendant and not Mr. Harburgh [Hurburgh]. But the 21st Vct. No. 16, the Marine Board Act, defined the rights and duties of pilots to be very much what they were in England. The master of a foreign ship was bound to accept a pilot, and he was then deprived of authority, the pilot being in the eye of the law responsible for all negligence that took place till that vessel was finally at its destination in port, its final moorings, for "the final moorings are usually considered as the termination of the voyage, and the completion of pilot service."
The duty of the harbour master was defined by the 64th section, "whenever a vessel not employed in coasting only arrives within the port, the harbour master shall appoint the place where she is to cast anchor or be moored." It does not say the harbour master is to navigate the vessel, but only to appoint the place where she is to cast anchor or be moored, and if the vessel is required to be moored notice is to be given to the harbour master, and the harbour master was empowered to " move the vessel."

Why? Because there is no pilot on board. His Honor, having stated the law, proceeded to apply the facts to the law, which was to operate whatever the practice or usage had been. He believed Mr. Harburgh [Hurburgh] was in charge of the brig and the steamer for the time being, and Mr. Wise was bound to obey the orders of the pilot, and would have been liable for damages had any ensued through not obeying his orders. It was the pilot's duty to throw off the warp in time, and not to wait for directions from the harbour master or any other person, and to order the anchor to be let go at a proper time. It was not
Mr. Wise's duty to throw the warp off, it was not Mr.Babington's duty, but it was undoubtedly that of the pilot. Had there been negligence on Mr. Wise's part he would have been barred from claiming compensation. It was for the jury to say whether there had been negligence, and who was the cause of it. If the jury found for Mr. Wise, the measure of damages would be the loss sustained by repairing the  steamer and replacing the boat.
The jury returned a verdict for the plaintiff for  £18 9s. 6d.

Mercury (Hobart, Tas. : 1860 - 1954), Friday 30 November 1900, page 2

Flags on shipping were half-masted on Thursday in respect to the late Captain James Hurburgh, whose death occurred at Sandy Bay on Wednesday last. Deceased was born in Greenwich on February 16, 1813, and was educated at the Naval College there. He was apprenticed to the ship Sarah, and made his first voyage to Hobart in that vessel in 1827. After making two voyages in the Sarah, he was transferred to another vessel, and made voyages to the Black Sea, India, and Quebec. 

He again came to Hobart in 1834, and stopped behind on account of ill health. On recovering, he received the appointment of mate to a Government vessel called the Vansittart, and subsequently went as master of the Government schooner Eliza, built at Hobart as a yacht for the then Governor, Sir George Arthur, and which was also used as a cruiser after runaways.

 It was in 1837 that Captain Hurburgh brought Sir John Franklin to Hobart from Macquarie Harbour, after His Excellency had made the trip overland to the Coast. He remained in the Eliza till 1843, when he was appointed pilot for the River Derwent, a position he held for 36 years. After retiring there from, he received an Imperial and colonial pension, and took up his residence at Sandy Bay, where he has lived ever since. He was married in 1841, and his wife died about 11 years ago
One daughter and three sons--one of whom is the Rev. W. M. Hurburgh--survive him. Captain Hurburgh was the oldest skipper in the colony.

James Mackay Hurburgh  was a Chandler at Franklin Wharf

HURBURGH. -- On September 8, 1905. at his late residence, Morrison-street, Franklin Wharf, James Mackie, the dearly-beloved husband of Mary Hurburgh, in the 63rd year of his ago. Funeral will leave the above address on Sunday, at 2.30, for Cornelian Bay Cemetery.

MM. Mary Hurburgh, aged 70, died suddenly at her residence at Back River early yesterday morning. On Thursday Mrs. Hurburgh appeared to be in perfect health. During the early hours yesterday she became suddenly ill. and when Dr. D. Fitzpatrick arrived she was dead. A post-mortem examination was carried out by the doctor later, when it was found that death was due to natural causes.

Sarah Ann Bradshaw m Joseph Hunter Pybus

He was the son of Richard Pybus, a settler on Bruny Island and Sarah Gresley

His grandfather was Richard Pybus who arrived in Australia around 1829 and grandmother, Hannah Hunter.

Courier (Hobart, Tas. : 1840 - 1859), Monday 2 May 1853, page 3

THE NOTORIUS McMANUS.—It is in the highest degree reprehensible that the authorities should let such desperate characters at large amongst the community as the one whose last sin is now to be recorded. He is a man who has been twice on the gallows—his last sentence at Norfolk Island was to be confined in solitary for his natural life for stabbing Mr. Woolnough, a jailor or chief constable there. This man was sent to the service of Mr. Richard Pybus, a settler on Bruni Island, and had been scarcely ten days in his service before he perpetrated one of the most heinous crimes on the wife of a tenant of Mr Pybus. At 11 o'clock at night he went to Mrs. Rocoe's house and demanded admittance, at the same time knowing that her husband was from home, he having a craft trading from Hobart Town to Bruni. After obtaining admittance, this villain presented a carving knife to Mrs. Roscoe, and threatened that if she refused to grant him his desires, he would run her through the heart. He staid until daylight in the house and then decamped, after satisfying his brutal desire. And who is this person? No other than the notorious Francis McManus

PYBUS.—On October 4, 1931, at her residence, Hildern, Barnes Bay, Bruny

Island, Sarah the dearly beloved wife of Joseph Hunter Pybus, age 71 years.

Mary Annie Bradshaw m Percy George Gatehouse

Advocate (Burnie, Tas. : 1890 - 1954), Tuesday 23 January 1940, page 2

Late Mrs. P. G. Gatehouse

One of the oldest links with the early history of the Oldina district was severed by the passing of Mrs. Gatehouse on 16th inst., after a long- illness. She was the daughter of the late William and Louisa Bradshaw, "Hodge Farm," Back River, New Norfolk, and on January, 1889, was married to Mr. Percy George Gatehouse, of the same place, by Rev. W. Murray.

She was a loyal churchwoman, and took a great interest in all the activities of the Church of St. Alban's at Oldina, at which she was a regular attendant until her health failed. Of a retiring disposition, very sympathetic and benevolent at all times, the district will be poorer for her passing.
She is survived by her widower and family of two sons and two daughters.

The funeral took place on Wednesday. It proceeded from the home, "Cobden," Oldina, to St. Stephen's Church, Wynyard, where a service was conducted by Rev. J. W. Bethune, who also officiated at the interment in the new cemetery, Wynyard. At the church the hymn "Abide With Me" was sung and the "Read March in Saul" rendered by Mrs. L. Jackson.

The pallbearers were Messrs. E. Gregory, J. T. Wilson, A. Thompson and S. Lockett. The carriers were Messrs. B. White, C. White, O. White, L. Bauld, P. Bauld and J. Biggins. There were many beautiful wreaths.

Emily Louisa Bradshaw (Emmaline) m William James Young

William was the grandson of  William Young Rebecca Jillett , who was William Bradshaw's sister.
His father, was their son, James Henry Young who married Frances Anne Hurburgh.  Frances Ann Hurburgh was the sister of James Mackie Hurburgh who married Mary Hannah Bradshaw.

William James Young  World (Hobart, Tas. : 1918 - 1924), Friday 24 January 1919, page 3


Question of a Mortgage Case in Practice Court

The protection afforded mortgagors by the Moratorium under the War. Precautions Act was again in question at the. Practice Court yesterday, .'when the trustees of the property of the Church of England asked the leave of the Court to demand payment of £2000 secured by (indenture from William James Young and other members of the same family, to exercise their powers of sale, and to take such other steps as might be necessary to secure payment of the principal and interest. . Mr. Butler (Butler, Mc lntyre and Butler), for the trustees, said that the 'interest was already overdue to the extent of £215/3/9, and that the orchard was in a neglected state. It would," be contended, be unjust and inequitable not to "allow them to proceed, as, with the exception of a small amount paid in October last year, no interest had been paid for the last two years. The property had not been looked after, and was being allowed to deteriorate, especially the .orchard and hop grounds. The property included a substantial amount of grazing and cultivated ground, which, if properly worked, would return sufficient to pay interest on the mortgage. Failure to pay, it. was contended, was due to the mortgagor failing to properly work the property.

Mr. Justice Crisp: If it is attributable to the .extraordinary conditions caused by the war, thiss man may be entities' to the benefit of the Moratorium regulations.
Mr. Butler: It is not the want of a market it is the want of the property producing anything.
His Honor: Where is the evidence that there has been neglect which caused a substantial falling off in the crop ?
 Mr. Butler indicated affidavits. His Honor: To what extent has it .affected the crop?
 Mr. Butler said the conduct of the, mortgagor in letting the property go, as he had, was unjust and inequitable to the mortgagees.
 His Honor: It would depend on the circumstances which had caused him to neglect the property. If there is a margin between the value of the property and the mortgage it might be advisable] to extend the time. The next few months might see a great change.

Mr Butler said that the applicants were not seeking to impose any. hardship on the mortgagors. They were simply looking for protection. He would be quite prepared to suggest. that the property be put up for sale at a certain reserve.

Mr. P. L. Griffiths, representing the mortgagors, contended that the application was quite unnecessary. The mortgagors -had no desire to delay "the payment of the money; they were simply the victims of circumstances—notoriously so. He went on to read affidavits, which showed that the orchard, situated in the New Norfolk district, had suffered "extensively through the floods of a couple of years ago. so much so that the normal yield of 3000 bushels had dropped in to 106 bushels, in 1917 to 400 cases. and in 1918 to 300. Before the war, also, it: had been possible to obtain advances of the prospective crop up to .£300, so that if a crop failed it was possible to cultivate the orchard for the following year. Since the war commenced, it had been impossible to obtain such advances: Under these circumstances the mortgagor had been forced to earn a livelihood cutting and carting wood, and had not had the time to devote to the property. Floods one year, frosts another,. and on top of this war conditions -had brought about the position.

Mr. Butler: The question is, Who is to suffer? He admitted that the value of the property was sufficient to pay both. the mortgage and the interest. Mr. Justice Crisp reserved his decision.

Mercury (Hobart, Tas. : 1860 - 1954), Saturday 19 August 1865, page 2
BEFORE their Honors Sir Valentine Fleming, Knt., Chief Justice, and Sir Francis Smith,
Knt., Puisne Judge.
The Court sat at l1 o'clock. 

Mr. Dobson, instructed by Young and Son, moved for a rule nisi for a Suggestion to be entered on the Judgment Roll under the 120th sec. Common Law Procedure Act providing that where it shall become necessary to revive a judgment by reason of the lapse of time or the change of parties, either a Writ of Revivor may he sued out, or application may be made to the Court to enter a Suggestion on the Roll. In this case judgment was entered up more than six years ago, and the defendant was dead ; it therefore became necessary to revive the judgment by reason both of the lapse of time and change of parties. The judgment confessed by William Bradshaw in favor of Margaret Wilson was signed September 9th, 1858, and registered September 14th,and again in September, 1863, under the Act which required judgments to be re-registered, the judgment which was on warrant of attorney, the defeasance of which set out that it was for £200, payable September 6th, 1859, with interest at 8 per cent., was still in force. Defendant died October 6th, 1859, having made a will October 5th, probate of which was granted to Mary Bradshaw, the widow, and William Bradshaw, the son, as executrix and executor.
By the will testator gave to the widow his real and personal estate for her life, and at her de-cease to be sold, and the profits divided among the children, except his son Alfred, who was to have £100 more than the other children. They were also empowered to sell a portion of the land for certain purposes. The real estate, by operation of law, descended to the heir in trust for sale for the purposes of the will. Mr. Young by his affidavit set out the facts, and that the real estate, 220 acres, and 100 acres was at Back River, New Norfolk. Deponent had applied to the widow for payment of the £200 and interest from March 6th, I860, but she said she had no means of paying. And the application was for a Suggestion against Mary Bradshaw and William Bradshaw as representatives of the estate.
Their Honors said it was a question whether it was not necessary to take a further proceeding as against the heir than a Suggestion ; the lands were unquestionably liable, but the question was the mode of effecting the object, with reference to the decision of the Privy Council, and Mr. Dobson would have to come prepared on that point, when the rule was argued.    Rule nisi granted

The Mercury (Hobart, Tas. : 1860 - 1954) Tuesday 10 April 1866 p 1
9th April, 1866. WILSON V. BRADSHAW & Anr.


WRITS of FIERI FACIAS dated the inst., levied upon all the right, title, and interest of defendants, Mary Bradshaw, as devisee, and William Bradshaw as eldest son and heir-at-law of William Bradshaw deceased, in and to all those 220 acres of land situate in the parish of Arundel and bounded by lands now or formerly belonging to Barnard Ward, James Welsh, Thomas Shone, Crown lands, and the Back River
Also, all those 100 acres of land situate and being in the parish of Arundel aforesaid bounded on the south-east by the Back River, on the south west by a north-westerly line of 47 chains 60 links along lot 133, on the north-west by a perpendicular of 22 chains, and on the north-west by a perpendicular of 41 chains along lot 135 to the Back River.

Likewise in and to those 10 acres of land (part of 30 acres granted to Barnard Ward) separated from the said 100 acres by the Back River, and bounded by said river and by part of the grants to Ward and Shone, which the Sheriff will put up for sale by public auction at the Court-house, Macquarie Street, Hobart Town, on WEDNESDAY, the 2nd day of May next, at 12 o'clock at noon unless these Executions are previously satisfied.

Sketches of the above lands and the title  deeds (of the 220 and 100 acres) may be seen, and further particulars obtained at the office of Mi RUSSELL YOUNG, Solicitor, 14, Macquarie Street.
In the records of lands held in the District of New Norfolk 1858, it shows that William Bradshaw snr hold the following properties:

                Proprietor/Occupier       of Hodge Farm                                  300 acres
                                                Occupier of                                                    84 acres               owned by William Young (BiL)
                                                Occupier of Crown Land lot 172              500 acres

Mary Jane Gunn -  Her Parents

Her parents were Samuel Gunn and Jannet Paterson.

Samuel Gunn was born 1781 in England and he died 15th March 1859.  It would appear from the inquest of his death on 25th March 1859 that he drowned in the Derwent River at New Norfolk.  He is buried in St Matthew's cemetery, New Norfolk.    He arrived in 1804 on the "Calcutta" having been sentenced to 7 years. 

A report in the Hobart Town newspaper of 1804 indicates that  Rev Knopwood married Samuel Gunn (prisoner) to Jannet Paterson, a free woman, and daughter of Superintendent William Paterson.  Janett and her father were on board the HMS Calcutta he a Superintendant she free.

Samuel Gunn was an ex-navy shipwright who soon became a trusted tradesman on the waterfront.  When it appeared that Jannet was pregnant, a hasty marriage was arranged, and their daughter Mary Jane was born later in 1804 and Christened on 1st January 1805. 

Samuel Gunn was a hard worker who soon had his own house built near the waterfront.  It was so large that he was able to rent some  space to the Grove family, another convict and trusted friend of Governor Collins.

Jannet and Samuel Gunn had 5 children, 2 married into the Jillett family.

Mary Jane Gunn              Christened 1st January 1805 in
Jemima Lydia Gunn        Christened 22 nd June 1806 in Hobart
Samuel James Gunn       Christened 8th July 1808.  
Sarah Ann Gunn              Christened 26th April 1810 in Hobart
Daniel John Gunn           Christened 23rd August 1813

In 1812 Samuel Gunn built the "Campbell Mac Quarie" a square rig ship.  Governor Davey granted him 50 acres of land and Samuel built a large house in Hunter Street.

Mary Jane's mother Janett Gunn died aged 46 years on 4th April 1826.  Her father Samuel then married Ann Hart in 1827 in Hobart.  In 1823 Samuel Gunn had built on land at Mac Quarie Point Hobart town.

From May 1848 to October 1857 Samuel had 13 convicts assigned to him. 

Samuel James Gunn  married Ann Hart  in 1827.   Ann was a convict.

She had been convicted in the Southampton Quarter Sessions court for stealing 2 ducks and 2 geese, and was transported for 7 years, and sent on the "Henry" in 1824.  It arrived in 8th February 1825

Records show that in 1817 Samuel Gunn departed Hobart as a seaman on the "Spring" a whaling expedition.

On 27th June 1837 a Samuel Gunn departed Hobart aboard the "Emma" for Kangaroo Island in South Australia.  This area provided the salt required for the whaling fleets.  

Sarah married Thomas Green in Hobart 1827.  She died in 1840.  She had 5 children and her youngest was only 1 year old when she died.  Thomas was a Mariner and he appears to have remarried after the death of Sarah.

Daniel Gunn married Emma Henrietta Proctor in Hamilton Tasmania on 24th September 1849. 

Emma was 15 and he was 30.  Daniel died in 1852

James Thomas Bradshaw  m Eleanor Bacon

James was born in 1824 in New Norfolk.  He married Ellen (Eleanor) Bacon
Ellen was the daughter of Dennis Bacon and Martha Cobb.  Ellen died in 1864.

The family arrived in Tasmania on the Strathfieldsay in 1833
Dennis and Martha and children Eliza, Anne, and Maria, Margaret was born at sea in 1833.

Their other children Dennis, James, Ellen and Charles were born in Tasmania
In 1849, Dennis was the licensee of "The Half-Way House" in Antill Ponds in 1849
Dennis Bacon purchased The Ross Hotel, in Ross for £4500 in 1855
He died in 1862 and is buried in the Ross Cemetery.  He had a store in Ross.

 His son seems to have taken over the Inns.

They had one daughter Henrietta Louisa Bradshaw.  Henrietta married Wickham Percy Whitechurch in 1881.  They had 13 children.
John  married Jane Hay in 1867.
Jane was the daughter of John Hay and Sophia Morgan[1]
John Hay was the son of convict Robert Hay and his wife Maria Hopper Heazlewood.
In 1812 Robert was granted a free pardon and 30 acres of land adjoining William Heazlewood. In 1815, at the age of 40, Robert married Maria Hopper Heazlewood, who was the daughter of his neighbour William. At this stage they already had three children, Mary Ann (born in 1810), Jane (born in 1812) and William (born in 1814). As mentioned earlier, this ceremony was performed by Reverend Knopwood, who Robert had become a friend of on the journey from England. Robert and Maria went on to produce a further 10 children up until 1835.[2]

Sophia Morgan was a convict, assigned to Robert Hay, as per the records and research 

Transcript of Sophia Morgan Conduct Record from Tasmania Archives: (I’ll save you the trouble finding it page by page as I did-,312,86,L,49) The dates are wrong. The author wrote 1833 but they meant to write 1835. 1833 is when she arrived.  

MORGAN Sophia Frances Charlotte 10 January 1833 Middx GD 5 April 1832 April 18 1833 W Abel Neglect of duty Rep@ J England / June 1 1833 W Abel Neglect of duty Rep@ J Fairweather / July 22 1835 Brought up from the service of Mr Robert Hayes of the Back River having been allowed by her Master Mr Wm Abel Junior to remain in Mr Hayes service for about 13 Mos without any authority from the Govt and having been delivered of a Child at Mr Hayes House in the Month of August last, Mr Hayes appears and produced a Written Authority signed William Abel Junior, To be returned to the F Factory with her Infant for the disposal of the Princip. Supernit J Mason. Cert 14/2/48 .

Mary Ann Morgan (Hay)                   m Francis Kingshott.
Robert Hay                                         m Louisa Johnson.
Jane Hay                                             m James Thomas Bradshaw.
William Henry Hay                            m Sarah Stanley.
Frances Maria Hay                             m Samuel Sargent.
Caroline Hay
Phoebe Maria Hay                              m John Ware.
Isaac John Hays                                  m Susannah Eaton.
George Frederick Hay                        m Mary Jane Oakley.
Thomas James Hay                            m Louisa Margaret Bishop
Frederick Edwin Hay                         m Isabella Young.
Ralph David Hay                                m Linda Rose Fenton.


They had a very large family of 12 children.  She died 29th June 1912.

Frank Henry William Bradshaw             1868     1933  m  Ella May Rampton
Flora Sophia Caroline Bradshaw                        1869     1942     m  George Terry
Edith Annie Constance Bradshaw         1871     1881
Amelia Elfreda Mary Bradshaw             1871     1887
Walter Horation Bradshaw                    1872     1940   m  Elizabeth Balbirnie Carmichael
Martha Maria Bradshaw                                    1873     1950   m Arthur Dutch Anderson
Frederick John Bradshaw                      1876     1916
Ellis Norfolk Thomas Bradshaw            1877     1946  m  Annie Smith
Susannah Jane Bradshaw                      1878     1910  m  Thomas Cooley
Thistle Aline Bradshaw                         1881     1910  m  Harry Lee
Martha Frances Bradshaw                     1882     1950  m  William Kelly
Elsie Lily Bradshaw                              1884     1969  m  William Nibbs

John Bradshaw m Maria Bacon

John was born in 21 December,  1827 and her married Maria Bacon in 1859.
John was involved in community matters in Oatlands, and he ran the Callington Mill, firstly on behalf of his uncle Thomas Jillett, then he purchased it from him.  

They had a large family

James George Gregory Bradshaw           1858     1938 m Isabell Arnett
Albert William Race Bradshaw              1859     1940  m Agnes Lyall
Frederick Charles Bradshaw                  1862 - 1932    m Caroline Mary Worrell  m  Lucy Abbott
Frances Maria Fanny Bradshaw             1863 -1949
Ada Mary Ellen Bradshaw                     1865 - 1949
Norman Percival Dennis Bradshaw        1868 - 1917     m Ada Lyon
Louis Henry Bradshaw  1870 - 1888
Alfred Bradshaw 1876 - 1952

James George Gregory Bradshaw  details of an entry in Cyclopaedia of Tasmania: 1900, p.537 no photograph)    Thanks to Sue Collins

Mr George Bradshaw, engineer in charge of the machine shops for the Mount Lyell Company was born in Oatlands, Midlands of Tasmania in 1858 and educated there.  His father the late Mr John Bradshaw was a miller of Oatlands, and had the first steam flour mills in that town, being one of the first to introduce silk dressing machines in Tasmania.

On completing his education he served his apprenticeship with Mr John Clark late inspector of machinery, Hobart.  He then joined the Main Line Railway Company of Tasmania, under Honorable C.H,. Grant, MLC. CE, general manager and was for 6 years the foreman of machines under the immediate supervision of Mr William Cundy the locomotive superintendent of the company.

He then started business for himself and erected flour mills in various parts of the colony.  After a short sojourn of 12 months in Queensland, he returned to Tasmania and took a position at the Golden Gate mine at Mathinna, where he remained until 1890.  He then went to Zeehan and remained in the employ of the Silver Queen Company for 12 months.  Leaving that company's employ to erect the machinery for the Adelaide Silver Mining Company, Dundas.

Mr. Bradshaw was there until the mine closed down and in 1896 he found himself working in the machine shops of the Mount Lyell Company and also assisting in the erection of the converting plant.

His abilities were recognised by the company, who appointed him engineer in charge of their machine ships in November 1897.

He was a member of the Queenstown Town Board from 1898.  In 1897 he married Miss Arnett, daughter of the late Simon Arnett, council clerk for many years for the municipality of Bothwell.

Sarah Ann Bradshaw  m  Thomas Bowden

The fifth child of Maria Sargeant's was Thomas, born 12th January 1821.  His birth name was recorded as Thomas Sargeant.  He went under the name of Bowden.

He married Sarah Ann Bradshaw in Hobart 10th October 1851 and they had 5 children.
His eldest brother John Bowden had married Susannah Jillett, who was Sarah Ann Bradshaw's aunt.
Thomas was a miller at O'Brien's Bridge

He also was having his property sold for non-payment of interest

Jemima Lillian Bradshaw m  James Bruce

They were married in 1857, and lived at Bridgewater.  Jemima died in 1899, and James died in 1906.

Harriet Mary Bradshaw  m Job Hales

Job Hales' father  was a blacksmith and lived at Green Ponds and Oatlands
He was the son of Thomas Hale and Jane Reid.  

Alfred Bradshaw m Margaret Spelman

Margaret was the sister of Amy Spelman, who now my marriage was her niece!!!
Margaret was the daughter of James Spelman and his wife Mary Jane Fitzsimmonds of Back River.

Life at New Norfolk

Between the years of 1815 and 1830 William Bradshaw supplied meats to the colony.  He also was granted several blocks of land. 

He farmed around the New Norfolk area, and grew crops (hops).
In 1819 William was the licensee of the "Jolly Sailor" hotel in Campbell Street, Hobart, near the Prisoners Barracks. 

It is just possible that this pub was the forerunner to the "royal Exchange Hotel" which was first licensed in 1860 and is located on the corner of Campbell and Bathurst Streets Hobart.   

In 1842 he purchased 640 acres at Monmouth for £161 .  His brother Thomas also purchased at the same time.  

The lots were purchased from William Henry Windsor of Hobart Town.

Unfortunately he must have fallen upon hard times, as he died in 1859, and in 1860 was listed as being insolvent.
His wife Mary Jane placed ads in the press in 1860, advising that she was the only person with the authority to sell her horse, and she referred to it being at Lions Inn Jerusalem at the property of John Bradshaw, which must be her son.   

The advertisement stated she lived at Hodge Farm New Norfolk.

Marriage of Jemima Bradshaw and James Bruce.  Their daughter died of burns.

From Ian Parce State Archivist Tasmania: .James Bruce arriving with father James a blacksmith his mother Christina, sister Margaret 10 & Maryann 7 arrived in Tasmania on the 10th August 1833 (from Scotland) marriage reg for James Bruce jr & Jemima Bradshaw  ref rgd 37/167/1857 death reg Christina 35/27/1874. & James sr 35/47/1858  

Margaret married Samuel Ricketts 24 Dec 1838 she was 17 & he was 27, Samuel was a shoe maker bullock driver for the Dept of Aborigines in 1850   also got the inquest report on Muriel Blanche Ricketts burns it is 4 pages long the poor girl really suffered i have also applied for Olive Eugenie Bruce also burns the paper says the mother neglectful (Jemima)          

                                       Thanks to Julie Williamson

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