Wednesday, August 8, 2018

H2 - First Settlers in Hobart Many Branches of the Jillett/Bradshaw Family

First Settlers In Hobart 1804


Many Branches of the Jillett/Bradshaw Family

In The Beginning

Every story has a beginning, and a family history story is no different.  That is unless it begins with those who were unwillingly sent to Tasmania, not of their own accord, and who in most cases left their family behind in England.

They were allowed to marry, and most did.  How would they have felt knowing that they had left wives, children, parents and siblings, wondering forever, what happened to them?

Often when researching these ancestors, we tend to focus on the beginning as the date they arrived.  So very often, sourcing their English background is extremely difficult.  No doubt it is just as difficult for those relatives in England who are trying to "join the dots".

That is precisely the problem with researching the family of Robert Jillett and Elizabeth Creamer.
The Creamer family may have originated in Milton Bryant.

Naming patterns were often used, and can sometimes provide a clue as to the name of the ancestor.

The usual British naming convention was as follows:

• The first son was named after the paternal grandfather                                                William
• The second son was named after the maternal grandfather                               James
• The third son was named after the father                                                         Robert
• The fourth son was named after the oldest paternal uncle                                Thomas
• The fifth was named after the second oldest paternal uncle or the oldest maternal uncle John
• The first daughter was named after the maternal grandmother                                      Susannah
• The second daughter was named after the paternal grandmother                                  Rebecca
• The third daughter was named after the mother                                                           Elizabeth
• The fourth daughter was named after the oldest maternal aunt                        Charlotte
• The fifth was named after the second oldest maternal aunt or the oldest paternal aunt

If there was duplication (for example, the paternal grandfather and the father had the same name), then the family moved to the next position on the list.

From that it could be deduced that:

Robert Jillett was the son of William and Rebecca Jillett.  Or was his name Robert Gillett? Or Thomas Gillett? with a mother named Elston.   Very often an alias was a connotation of a parent's name.

However is his surname was Elston, they would be William and Rebecca Elston and he had an elder brother named Thomas.

Elizabeth could then be the daughter of James and Rebecca Creamer, and she have a sister named Charlotte and a brother named John! 

Or that theory could be completely incorrect!  Unfortunately all that can be confirmed is that Elizabeth Creamer married Thomas Bradshaw, and had two daughters, one who died in England and the other who came with her on the Hillsborough.

However, a search of the Births at Milton Bryant in the time frame of Elizabeth Creamer, indicate the following baptisms.

1.      Dorothy Creamer                      31st March 1766
2.      William Creamer                      19th July 1767
3.      Helen Creamer                          9th April 1769
4.      Richard Creamer                       26th April 1772
5.      Elizabeth Creamer                    16th July 1775
6.      Thomas Creamer                      7th June 1776
7.      George Creamer                        1st April 1784

All these children were the offspring of William Creamer and his wife Elizabeth

William Creamer married Elizabeth Althrope or Althope in Milton Bryant in 14th October  1765.
A William Creamer born 1744 died in 1804 and is buried at St Peter Anglican Church Milton Bryant.

The surname Althrope or Althope is rather interesting.  Very often surnames, when they were applied were given as to the location that a person lived, or the work they performed.

To be known as Althope/Althorpe in an area not too distant from Milton Bryant, perhaps indicates that Elizabeth's parents worked at the Althorp Estate, for the Spencer Family at some time.

After arrival in Sydney in 1798, Elizabeth left her husband Thomas, and by January 1800, she was cohabitating with Robert.  In fact by 1802, Elizabeth and Robert had a successful operation, and owned a boat named "The Little William", and had 3 children.  The boat sailed up the Hawkesbury and brought goods to the Commandant's Building in Sydney.  Everything was going rather well, until Robert decided that someone had perhaps short-changed him, and he was going to take his shortfall in the form of 1/2 a pig.

Within 30 days, he, Elizabeth and the children were on board a boat shipped off to another Island.  This time it was Norfolk Island.   Elizabeth set to work once again, providing for the family.  On Norfolk Island she owned three different allotments.  More children were born, then yet another voyage. 

In 1808 they boarded the "Lady Nelson" and sailed for Van Diemen's Land.
Then another chapter of their lives began. 
What would be on their minds as the Lady Nelson sailed into Hobart?  Where did they go when the ship landed?  What did they do with the livestock?  So many questions spring to mind.

The Surveyor Harris drew the above sketch of the early town.

 A Richmond there is a replica.

Old Hobart Town is Australia's only and Tasmania's original historical model village which accurately replicates in miniature the life and history of Hobart in 1820.

Situated in the main street of Richmond (Tasmania's finest Georgian village), this attraction has been built from original plans (over three years) and set out in streets. As visitors walk the streets of old Hobart, the informative signage really captures interest and makes for a unique and fascinating tour.
[1] Thoroughly recommended!
Old Hobart Town
21A Bridge Street

The image of the foreshore at Sullivans Cove below was drawn in 1804 (this was the year of first settlement here). Hunter Island was on its own before it was connected to the mainland by a causeway. This island was located not far from where Campbell St (the street on which the Theatre Royal is built) was established much later. The drawing shows the extensive forests which were removed over subsequent years to make way for the streets, houses and public buildings (image from

The site offers the opinion ‘It is hard to imagine what Hobart Town would have been like when Lt. Gov. Collins arrived in 1804.  The rivulet ran free, (except when it rained heavily sending logs that blocked the rivulet, sending water spilling across its banks) large gum trees stood on both sides of the rivulet, some of which had to be cut down to make room for the new settlement.‘  

Hobart's Hunter Street is not only the site where Hobart had its beginnings, but the location of a tiny rocky island which once stood out from the main shore of Sullivans Cove, and was given the name Hunter Island. Founded on convict labour, it was here that the first successful attempt to establish a permanent European colony in Van Diemen's Land was made. From these early beginnings, the Hunter Street site evolved into Tasmania's principal trading port in the mid-nineteenth century. 

The growth of the port was fundamental to the growth of the city of Hobart and it was here where large-scale commercial and industrial development took place, coexisting with residential life. In March 2004, the Tasmanian Heritage Council agreed to permanently enter the subsurface remains of the Hunter Street area in the Tasmanian Heritage Register. 

This registration covers the subsurface remains of Hunter Island, the causeway, the Old Wharf Probation Station and the reclaimed land. Entry on the Heritage Register helps ensure that the heritage values of this important place are properly managed and protected by providing a legal framework for managing the heritage values and ensuring that its significance is considered during any new developments.

The first settlement at what was to become Hobart was by the British at Risdon Cove on the eastern bank of the Derwent estuary in 1803, by a small party sent from Sydney, under Lt. John Bowen. An alternative settlement was established by Captain David Collins 5 km to the south in 1804 in Sullivan's Cove on the western side of the Derwent, where fresh water was more plentiful. Collins and his fellow settlers moved to Tasmania upon abandoning a settlement on Mornington Peninsula on Port Phillip Bay. The day after they arrived there William Collins with Deputy-Surveyor G. P. Harris sought a site more suitable than that at Risdon for a township; they recommended the cove on which Hobart now stands, and the lieutenant-governor approved. 

The new settlement became known as Hobart Town or Hobarton, later shortened to Hobart, after the British Colonial Secretary of the time, Lord Hobart. The settlement at Risdon was later abandoned.

A  New Settlement at Hobart

In August 2004, The Mercury Newspaper produced a supplement, which outlined the initial settlers of Hobart, and the conditions they faced.[2]

August 2, 1804

Early in the morning Lieutenant Lord, Knopwood and Harris joined Captain Mertho for breakfast on board the Ocean. The ship in the meantime had been moved from the protection of the cove to more open water in the Derwent, from where in the distance they could still see Captain Rhodes' boat making his way back to his ship in Adventure Bay.

In view of the fact that Collins was in the process of writing important dispatches to Sydney and to his superiors in London he was very keen to read the incoming mail destined for him on the Alexander before he closed off his own correspondence, and therefore sent pilot Hacking in the white cutter to Adventure Bay to collect this mail from the Alexander.

That day, the last two Risdon convicts (Cole and Harris) arrived in Hobart Town, they being among the 13 or so convicts who Collins, for one reason or another, wanted to stay.

(A month later Collins would visit Risdon Cove for the first time since he first arrived there from Port Phillip seven months ago. Collins, Knopwood and some other officers inspecting the site soon discovered that there were still a few huts left that could be demounted to help overcome the shortage of housing at Hobart Town. Instructions to that effect were promptly given, after which Collins and Knopwood went home again for dinner, both men no doubt recalling over a glass of wine all the problems which this ill-fated settlement had created for them over the past six months or so.)

The next day, Knopwood walks to the farmhouse of Martha Hayes,  where he and Wilson had been invited for a final dinner with Lieutenant Bowen and his Martha. During this visit a mutual sympathy seems to have developed between Knopwood and his bright hostess, as a result of which this first visit would later be repeated many more times.

The story of the Hayes family went back several years to the time when Henry and Martha Hayes ran a drinking house in the East End of London and became involved in shady dealings with stolen goods in which John Pascoe's father also was mixed up. During the subsequent court case Henry got off free but his wife Maria and Fawkner Snr were found guilty.

Maria, accompanied by her (free) teenage daughter Martha was transported on the Glatton to Port Jackson, where they arrived early in 1803. Also on board was a young naval lieutenant, John Bowen, who during the journey began an attachment with the young Martha and in 1803 took her with him when he was appointed by Governor King to create a settlement at Risdon Cove.

Maria's husband Henry, now on his own, decided to follow his wife and used the opportunity of passage offered by the Collins expedition to travel to Port Phillip. His older brother Thomas also decided to join him with his wife and children, and as a result both Henry and Thomas received permission from Lord Hobart to travel with Collins to Port Phillip, while Thomas received permission to travel from there in the Calcutta to Sydney.

Thomas and his family seem to have decided to stay with the Collins expedition, and in the end it was Henry (but officially under the name of Thomas Hayes) who travelled on to Port Jackson in the Calcutta.

Here, he not only found his wife Maria living very much like a free woman (she even advertised her services as a needlewoman and hat maker), but via her also met up with Bowen, who told the couple that their daughter Martha was with him in Van Diemen's Land and because of her pregnancy wanted her mother Maria to come back with him to the Derwent -- most probably the real reason why Bowen left his post at Risdon Cove early in January to travel to Sydney.

Having arranged the necessary co-operation from Governor King both Henry Hayes and his wife Martha (probably in order to remain on the safe side, King recorded them as travelling under the names of Thomas and Elizabeth Hayes, two names being on the books as free settlers) then joined Bowen and the other passengers on the Integrity for their journey to the Derwent.

How much King knew about this charade is not clear; all he wrote in a letter to Collins was that Thomas Hayes and (Anthony) Fletcher with their families wish to return to you as Settlers, although in a later letter to Bowen he speaks about the latter's private affairs.

Having thus rejoined the Collins expedition, Henry Hayes was once more added to the list of the free settlers (13 March 1804), while his convict wife Maria seems to have moved to Risdon Cove where her daughter Martha was about to give birth to her first child. Henrietta Hayes was born on March 29, and Maria stayed at Risdon until July when this settlement was closed down. 

Martha and her baby daughter then moved to the cottage which Bowen had built for her across the river near the shore of the Prince of Wales Bay, while her mother Maria once more joined her husband Henry.                       (Henrietta Hayes was her father a Doctor?)

How that was officially managed is again unclear, although in a letter signed by Collins it is on record that once more she was formally transferred from the Integrity to the Collins settlement as Elizabeth Hayes, settlers' wife, again a blatant administrative error enabling Maria to freely join her husband Henry.
(To cover the presence of the real Elizabeth Hayes -- then living with her husband Thomas Hayes and their children on the banks of the New Town Rivulet -- the name of Maria Hayes was coyly entered on the list of those receiving Government rations under the heading of Females as Hayes, settler's wife, again clearly implying a knowledge at a high level of what went on.)

Meanwhile, Thomas Hayes had been present during the late days of February and the first few days of March when Surveyor Meehan surveyed several allotments for the settlers then living along the banks of the New Town Creek, and thus obtained a 100-acre allotment in New Town, an area which ran from Pedder St to the village of New Town and from there to the present Douglas Parker Rehabilitation Centre and the New Town Creek.

Shortly after his arrival in Hobart Town, Henry obtained a similar grant alongside that of his brother, roughly the area between Pedder St, the present Ogilvie High School and the New Town High School.

While within the overall scheme of things the story of these people would not have had any significance in relation to the settlement of Hobart Town, it does throw an interesting light on the flexibility of the authorities of the times if genuine efforts were made to establish (or re-establish) family ties, and that in such circumstances the official status of those who made these efforts -- convict or free -- was often looked upon as a secondary matter only to be ignored where convenient.

In fact, such efforts (especially if they involved marriages) were very much encouraged by the authorities because they were perceived as having a stabilising influence on the fabric of this new, raw -- and initially very fragmented -- society.

Of course, in this particular case the influence of Bowen and Collins in covering the necessary associated administrative entries (such as described above) may be taken for granted.

The Pioneers of Hobart Town – 1804

With the departure on August 9, 1804, of the Ocean and its passengers - such as Lieutenant Bowen - the initial period of the settlement of Hobart Town comes to an end, but it is also the start of a new period of consolidation which would continue for a number of years.

In fact, it could be argued that this second period lasted until the arrival of Governor Arthur in 1825, an experienced administrator who introduced major overall changes in the government and administrative policies governing the colony, especially the role which the convicts played in its development.

Allowing for a small margin of error (the documents of the time are sometimes dubious or even clearly in error), the list as given here identifies those pioneers who took part in the founding of "the settlement on the Derwent" up to the departure of the Ocean in August 1804.

This list does include of course the prisoners, many of whom stayed on in Tasmania and after an often troublesome first few years settled down and in due time spread their roots over the entire island.

The list also includes those settlers and convicts who were transferred by Collins from Risdon Cove to Hobart Town and remained there after the departure of the Ocean in August 1804.

However, the remainder of the Risdon Cove population (i.e. those who returned to Sydney in August) did not take part in the settlement of Hobart Town as such, and for that reason was listed separately (see Appendix 1).
  • Chaplain Knopwood, Robert
  • Snr Medical Officer I' Anson, William
  • Medical Officer Bowden, Matthew: Was seen by Sergeant Sarjeant to carry his own watch, given to Bowden by Sarjeant's own wife Maria. When the indignant Sarjeant kicked up a fuss, Bowden pulled rank and demoted him. Later became a shopkeeper, and left many descendants in Tasmania.
  • Medical Officer Hopley, William
  • Hopley, Judith, his wife
  • Hopley, Julia, daughter
  • Deputy Commissary Fosbrook, Leonard: Quartermaster, responsible for the storage and distribution of arms and supply. Took Andrew Whitehead's mistress, but later lived with the wife of convict butcher Daniel Ankers.
  • Deputy Surveyor Harris, George: His surveying qualifications are obscure, but was soon appointed by Governor Collins as a magistrate.
  • Geologist Humphrey, A.W.H.: A medical doctor who changed his interest to that of geology. His official title was mineralogist, i.e. somebody who studied rock specimens and the like, an activity which was the forerunner of geology.
  • Harbour Master Collins, William: Appointed April 2, 1804
  • Superintendent Thomas Clarke: Supervisor at the Government Farm, New Town.
  • Superintendent Patterson, William: Obtained land in the Derwent Park area.
  • Patterson, - (unknown christian name): His wife
  • Patterson, Frederick, child
  • Patterson, - , child
  • Patterson, -, child
  • Superintendent Nicholls, William
  • Superintendent Sutton, John Jubal: Superintendent of convicts.

  • Superintendent Clarke, Richard: Supervisor of stone masons etc. Came from Risdon.
  • Clarke, Maria: His wife
  • Overseer Ingle, John
  • Ingle, Rebecca: His wife (formerly Rebecca Hobbs).
  • Ingle, Elizabeth, child, born April 14, 1804 at Port Phillip.
  • Harbour Pilot Hacking, Henry: Was sent by Governor King from Sydney to work for Governor Collins. (Strictly speaking, Hacking was a recently convicted convict, but this was ignored by Collins who badly needed his expertise as an experienced mariner).
  • Hospital Assistant Lightfoot, Samuel: A First Fleet convict, he had gained his freedom, and later returned to England and then applied to settle at Port Phillip. Collins probably remembered him and appointed him to his new position.
  • §  Servant Hopkins, Thomas: Servant to Collins and later became publican.
Total of civil establishment: 18 men, 4 women, 6 children for a total of 28 people.

MARINE PERSONNEL and their families
  • Capt Lieutenant Sladden, William
  • Sladden, Susannah, wife
  • Lieutenant Johnson, J.M.
  • Lieutenant Lord, Edward: Became a major property owner in Tasmania.
  • Sergeant McCauley, James: The senior sergeant of the detachment.
  • McCauley, Mary: His wife, who also was housekeeper for Knopwood.
  • Sergeant Thorne, Samuel
  • Thorne, Ann, wife
  • Thorne, A.H. child
  • Thorne, William Jas. Hobart: Born at Port Phillip November 25, 1803.
  • Sergeant Allomes, Robert
  • Corporal Gangell, William: Later became a settler in the Moonah area.
  • Gangell, Ann: His wife, formerly the widow of John Skeltorn.
  • Gangell, Mary: Daughter of Ann and born as Mary Skelthorn.
  • Corporal Cole, Thomas
  • Corporal Davis, William
  • Corporal Bellingham, John
  • Drummer Brown, John: Also called John Brinn.
  • Drummer Hughes, William
  • Private Sarjeant, Ronald
  • Sarjeant, Maria: His wife.
  • Private Downs, John
  • Private Sudrick, Samuel
  • Private Carroll, Patrick
  • Private Evans, Robert
  • Private Clesshold, James
  • Private Perry, William
  • Private Catford, William
  • Private Topley, John
  • Private Blacklow, John
  • Private Ferratt, Thomas
  • Private Stokes, Job
  • Private Andrews, Robert
  • Private Bean, William
  • Bean, Elizabeth: His wife. Washerwoman for the soldiers.
  • Private Buckingham, Ronald
  • Private Kearly, George: Servant of Lt Lord.
  • Kearly, Mary: Wife and washerwoman for the detach. On July 14, 1804, she gave birth to a boy named George, but the child died the next day. (A typical example of the high death rate of the newborn so common in those days).
  • Private German, Hugh
  • Private Green, George (or Thomas?)
  • Private Hoge, Thomas
  • Private Johnson, William
  • Private Pritchard, Price
  • Private Bowden, Richard (William?)
  • Private Keeling, John
  • Private Pennington, Thomas
  • Private Price, James
  • Private Ray, James
  • Private Rowell, Richard
  • Private Smith, George
  • Private Staples, John
  • Private Spooner, James
  • Spooner, Sarah: His wife. Washerwoman for the soldiers.
  • Private Taylor, John (1st)
  • Private Taylor, John (2nd)
  • Private Walton, Richard
  • Private Westwood, Edward
  • Private Whally, John
  • Private Woolley, Joseph
  • Private Wiggins, Samuel
  • Wiggins, Ann: His wife.
  • Wiggins, Thomas: Their son, born on the Calcutta June 11, 1803.
  • Private Young, Allen
Total of military establishment: 50 men, 9 women, 4 children for a total of 63 people.

THE SETTLERS and their families
  • Blinkworth, Jonathon: His grant ran between the New Town Rivulet and the lower end of Prince of Wales Bay.
  • Blinkworth, Elizabeth: His wife.
  • Blinkworth, J.E., child
  • Blinkworth, Robert, child
  • Blinkworth, Jno, child
  • Bowen, Henrietta: The baby daughter of Lieutenant Bowen and Martha Hayes.
  • Chelves, Hessekiah: Settler
  • Chelves, Hephiah, child
  • Cockerell, William: His grant covered a strip of land east of Bowen Rd, Moonah
  • Cockerell, Ann Elizabeth: His wife.
  • Cockerell, Ann Elizabeth, daughter
  • Cockerell, William, son
  • Cockerell, Arabella, daughter
  • Dacres, Jno: His grant was a strip of land alongside the western side of Central Ave in Moonah. He also had land along the western side of what is now the Moonah shopping centre.
  • Gravie, Jno
  • Hamilton, Edward

  • Hayes, Thomas: His grant covered much of present New Town, from Pedder St to the New Town Rivulet. It later became the property of Capt Swanston, whose house still stands behind the old Douglas Parker Rehabilitation Centre.  This Hayes family later move into the Bagdad Valley area.
  • Hayes, Elizabeth: His wife (pictured )
  • Hayes, Thomas, child
  • Hayes, William, child
  • Hayes, Henrietta, child
  • Hayes, Henry: Husband of convict Maria Hayes. His allocation ran alongside that of his brother Thomas, from Pedder St to the New Town Creek. His farmstead stood on the site of the present New Town High School.
  • Hayes, Martha: His daughter. She was the companion of Lt Bowen at Risdon Cove, who used his influence to ensure an allocation of 50 acres of land to her at the time of his departure from Van Diemen's Land in August, 1804. This land was situated on both sides of today's Lampton Ave in Derwent Park, and had a frontage onto Prince of Wales Bay.
  • Hobbs, Jane: Widow of Lt James Hobbs. Her eldest daughter Judith was married to Dr Hopley (see above). Her other daughter, Rebecca, married settler John Ingle.
  • Hobbs, Ann Jane: Daughter, soon to marry Mr Humphrey the geologist.
  • Hobbs, Charity: Daughter. Would marry William Collins in 1808.
  • Hobbs, James: Son. Although young, he was classified as a settler, giving him and his mother access to land to build on and grow food in the garden.
  • Issell, Thomas: His grant was a narrow strip of land running from Pedder St northwards to the New Town Creek.
  • Littlejohn, Robert: He owned the fertile river flats east of O'Briens Bridge in Glenorchy.
  • Littlefield, Thomas: His grant was alongside what is now Central Ave, Moonah.
  • Millar, Edward: His grant covered the area of the Elwick showground and from there to Humphreys Rivulet.
  • Millar, Elizabeth: His wife.
  • Millar, Jane, child
  • Nicholls, William: His grant covered the area of St John's Park, New Town.
  • Nicholls, Frances: His wife.
  • Nicholls, William, child
  • Nicholls, Maria, child
  • Nicholls, John, son
  • Piroelle, Sarah: Her convict husband died on May 25, 1804.
  • Piroelle, Henry: Her son.
  • Pitt, Richard: His grant went from the New Town Rivulet (the old homestead still stands) to the top of Lutana. Bowen Rd was the eastern boundary of his land.
  • Pitt, Salom, child
  • Pitt, Francis, child
  • Pitt, Philip, child
  • Preston, Thomas: His grant of land was located on and around the present John Turnbull Reserve in Lenah Valley.

Total of settlers: 15 men, 8 wives or independent women, 21 children for a total of 44 people.


THE PRISONERS and their families

The following list was compiled with grateful acknowledgement to the material compiled by Mrs Marjorie Tipping (Convicts Unbound) and Mrs Irene Schaffer (Land Musters, Stock Returns and Lists), without whose incredibly laborious work in the past this information would not have been possible to collate. To give a better idea of the sort of convicts Collins had to work with, a brief background note has been added to most of the names. For a more detailed description of the often indeed very colorful lives of many of these people, see Mrs Tipping, pp. 248-326.

From her notes it becomes clear that a large number of the original convicts later disappear from the scene in one way or another, that those who stay often continue to have trouble with the law for a while, but that in the end they and their households settle down and produce respected families within the Tasmanian community.

With regards to those described as bushranger or outside the law, it should be appreciated that during the 1805-1808 period the food situation was very critical, encouraging some convicts to absent themselves (some with and some without permission) from their normal duties and live in the bush, existing on whatever wildlife they could shoot or catch.

The authorities were not overly concerned about that, as it meant that firstly they did not have to be fed from the public stores, and secondly they often traded (kangaroo) carcasses to acquaintances in exchange for other essentials, contributing via the back door to what was a very desperate food shortage in Hobart Town.  Although these absentees were usually declared as outlaws, they often received only a minimum punishment on their return or were taken back under an amnesty.

Note also that quite a few convicts died from scurvy during the spring and early summer of 1804, caused by a lack of vitamin C due to the absence of fresh fruit and greens, a problem which graphically illustrates the difficulties which Collins faced in supplying his people with the right food.
  • Alexander, James
  • Alexander, Uriah: One of the convicts who rowed in an open boat from Port Phillip to Sydney with letters for Governor King. From 1816 onward ran for many years the ferry between Hobart Town and Bellerive.
  • Ankers, Daniel: Butcher.
  • Ankers, Francis: His free wife. She soon took up with Deputy Commissary Fosbrook, with whom she later returned to England.
  • Appleton, William: A child convict, 10 years old when landing in Sullivans Cove.
  • Armstrong, Robert (John)
  • Arnott, Thomas: Eventually settled down in Bellerive where he became a chair maker.
  • Ashton, George: First serving as a constable, later became a farmer in the Green Ponds district.
  • Atkinson, William: Worked as a seaman in the region, but may later have returned home.
  • Attenborough, Jno: A young teenager who probably returned home after his pardon.
  • Austin, Jas: Worked as a valet and cook for G.P. Harris. Later became a successful farmer who ran the "Austin's ferry".
  • Austin, Joshua
  • Avery, John: Led a troubled life.
  • Bagley, George: Was involved with bushrangers.
  • Balance, James: Became a farmer.
  • Bannister, William
  • Barnes, Edward: Risdon Cove convict allowed to stay in Hobart Town.
  • Barnes, Francis: Became a prominent citizen who later kept the Hope and Anchor Hotel in Macquarie St.
  • Barwise, Robert: Became a sailor and left Tasmania.
  • Bean, William: Often got into trouble; became a cripple and a pauper.
  • Bearsmore, John
  • Belton, David: Returned home as a free man, but was later sent out once more for stealing.
  • Best, William
  • Birchall, John
  • Blackford, Benjamin (also named Blacklow)
  • Blackmore, John
  • Blake, Jas
  • Bolton, John: Returned to Sydney when free, and afterwards to England.
  • Boothman, John: First employed as a clerk in Government House, but later worked as a clerk in various other jobs.
  • Bowers, William: May have died as a bushranger.
  • Bowman, Thomas
  • Bradley, Joseph
  • Bray, Thomas
  • Brewer, George: One of Dr Bowden's servants, he was killed by Aborigines.
  • Briscoe, Benjamin: Drowned in an accident with the Bellerive ferry in 1819.
  • Bromley, Thomas: Died of scurvy in late 1804.
  • Brown, Charles: Worked as a gardener, but returned home in 1819.
  • Brown, James
  • Brown, John
  • Brown, Richard
  • Brown, Thomas
  • Bryant, William
  • Byrne, James (or John): Became a sealer and later farmed in the Glenorchy area.
  • Campbell, Archibald: Described as a troublesome character.
  • Carmichael, Adam: In January 1806 was declared to be an outlaw.
  • Carrett, James: Became a bushranger first, but later turned a new leaf as a seaman.
  • Clark, George Clark(e), John (1st): After a troublesome start became a successful farmer.
  • Clarke, John (2nd): Became a well known clerk in the Hobart Town community.
  • Clarke, Charles
  • Clarke, George: One of the convicts from Risdon Cove allowed to stay in Hobart Town. Served as a mason.
  • Coatsworth, William: At first an outlaw, later kept a (small?) shop.
  • Cobb, Francis: Became a successful Hobart farmer and businessman. His grant of land covered part of what is now the Goodwood suburb in Glenorchy.
  • Cole, John: A troublesome convict who later died in an upturned whaling boat.
  • Cole, Thomas (William?): One of the convicts from Risdon Cove allowed to stay in Hobart Town.
  • Connelly, Arthur: Described as a bad character, finally becoming the post master at Bothwell.
  • Connelly, Sarah: First (convict) wife of above. Connelly later married Margaret Eddington, earlier the mistress of Governor Collins.
  • Constable, William
  • Cooper, Robert: An elderly gypsy, later living mainly on charity.
  • Cooper, William: Became a prosperous farmer in the Rokeby area.
  • Cowland, James
  • Crawley, Daniel
  • Crener, Michael: An older convict, who received 100 lashes for robbing a garden in Hobart.
  • Cronbury, Christian
  • Croft, Thomas: An accomplished brick maker, a very useful prisoner.
  • Croft, Mary: Free wife of the above.
  • Cross, Samuel (John): A wheelwright and carpenter.
  • Cruse, Jonathon: Eventually returned to England.
  • Crute, John: Took part in the Gibraltar Mutiny (1802), and eventually was executed in Hobart Town for sheep stealing.
  • Curtis, John
  • Davey, James: Became a successful farmer near Longford.
  • Davey, Thomas
  • Davis, James
  • Davis, Thomas
  • Dawson, John: Ran a farm near Brighton, but later moved to New Town.
  • Deacon, Edward: One of the many who died in 1804 from scurvy.
  • Dinham, John: Charged with stealing sheep in 1811; was capitally reprieved and then sent to Newcastle, another punishment settlement.
  • Dickson, Joseph
  • Dixon, William
  • Dowsing, James: Held farming land fronting onto the Prince of Wales Bay. Dowsing Point was named after him.
  • Doyle, Michael: A servant of Dr. W. Hopley, he was later involved in the famous smuggling case of illegal spirits which later implicated Whitehead, McCarthy, etc.
  • Duff, James: Became a bushranger but later accepted the Governor's amnesty.
  • Duff, Patrick: May have returned home.
  • Dukes, Richard Earle, John: A cousin of Austin, he had land in the Glenorchy district, and became a major supplier of meat to the Commissariat.
  • Edwards, John
  • Edwards, Joseph Charles: At one stage was employed as a clerk.
  • Edwards, Elizabeth: Free wife of Joseph. Their daughter Elizabeth died on April 27, 1804, and became the first person to be buried in the St David's Cemetery.
  • Emblen, Jeremiah: Sent out on a charge of embezzlement, he was at the time of his death in 1808 described by Knopwood as formerly an eminent attorney in London.
  • Everitt, Charles
  • Fagg, John
  • Fawkner, John: Was involved with the case of theft and receiving which also brought Henry Hayes and his family to Hobart Town.

  • Fawkner, Sarah: Free wife of John.
  • Fawkner, John Pascoe (pictured): Free son of the above and later became one of the founders of Melbourne.  
  • Fawkner, Elizabeth, daughter
  • Fawcett, James: After acting as a bushranger for a while, Fawcett seems to have drifted back into the Hobart Town community, where he died in 1809.
  • Fell, Jno Benjamin: Made himself useful as a storeman and with the issue of provisions; later returned to England.
  • Fernandez, Jos: Kept on escaping in stolen boats, returned on receiving the Governor's pardon, then may have worked his way back home as a sailor.
  • Fitzgerald, Thomas: Clerk for G.P.Harris. Worked later as a clerk and teacher.
  • Fletcher, William: A sawyer; later for many years a constable in Hobart Town.
  • Forsha, Christopher: One of the convicts who rowed in an open boat from Port Phillip to Sydney. A servant of Knopwood, he may have returned to England as a seaman.
  • Gadsby, John: After an early presence at Risdon Cove he moved to Port Dalrymple, but later died as a resident of Patterson's Plains.
  • Gains, John: Worked for Knopwood, but in 1820 died from a snakebite.
  • .
  • Garrett, Richard: Came out with a Hannah Harvey, who pretended to be his wife. The masquerade was discovered while the expedition was at Port Phillip, and a shotgun wedding took place immediately at the instruction of an indignant Governor Collins, who himself at that time lived openly with Hannah Powers, the wife of a convict.
  • Garrett, Hannah: Free wife of Richard.
  • Garrett, William: One of the convicts from Risdon Cove allowed to stay in Hobart Town. Soon after discharged because he had served his time. Later associated with escapees and bushrangers.
  • Gibson, David: After an early troublesome start became a very successful farmer settling on a property called Pleasant Banks near Perth, south of Launceston.
  • Gray, Samuel: Became an early sealer and whaler, but returned to England later on.
  • Green, John: Eventually settled down in Hobart. Died 1812.
  • Grove, James: Convicted forger, but moving about freely in the settlement. He was a personal friend of Collins and Knopwood.  His wife and son do not seem to be on any ration list, suggesting that they provided their own food and clothing rations, housing etc. Grove died in 1810, and was buried close to his friend David Collins. His wife and son returned to England soon after.
  • Groves, Susannah: Free wife of James.
  • Groves, Daniel: Son of the above.
  • Grover, Richard: Became a bushranger for a while.
  • Groves, John Guest, Edward: Was a well known blacksmith who had his workshop in Elizabeth Street near Wellington Bridge, but died in 1817 after a long illness.
  • Gunn, Samuel: Proficient as a shipwright, Gunn had no shortage of work. He became the first master builder of boats on the Derwent, and over several decades built many ships. After a sojourn outside Tasmania the family returned to Van Diemen's Land and settled down in New Norfolk, where Gunn died in 1859 at the age of 77.
  • Gunn, Jane: Free wife of Samuel.
  • Gunn, - Child of Samuel and Jane.
  • Gwyn, John: A teenager at the time of the settlement of Hobart Town, he received a grant of land on the Carlton River, led a somewhat irregular life in and outside the law. Spent much of his life on ships, or worked as a fisherman.
  • Hall, John: Drowned in 1808.
  • Hangan, John: Worked a grant of land on the present site of the Hobart Botanical Gardens, but was later dispossessed of it. Died about 1820.
  • Hangan, Jane: Free wife of John.
  • Hanly, Valentine
  • Harfielde, James: A cartwright and carpenter, living in the Richmond district.
  • Harris, John
  • Harrison, Finch: After an unruly start he became a settler in the Pitt Water area.
  • Hay, Robert: After an unruly start became a settler near New Norfolk.
  • Hayes, Mary: Wife of free settler Henry Hayes and mother of settler Martha Hayes. Was transferred from Sydney to Hobart Town to join her husband Henry Hayes. After her pardon in 1810 she started the famous Derwent Hotel in Elizabeth Street and in general led an "interesting" life.
  • Haywood, Thomas: After several attempts to escape ended up as a convict-for-life in Sydney.
  • Heath, Thomas: Drowned in 1814 when ferrying a bullock across the Derwent in a boat
  • Hedford, Joseph: May have left Hobart Town upon the expiry of his sentence.
  • Holoham, Richard
  • Hopkins, Alexander: May have left Hobart Town upon the expiry of his sentence.
  • Horne, William: Eventually became a farmer in the Pitt Water district.
  • Hunter, John: At first a bushranger, and burnt down the house of Dr Mountgarret at Risdon Cove in 1807. Later became a sailor.
  • Haynes, John
  • Isaacs, John: Died of scurvy late 1804.
  • Jackson, John: One of the Risdon convicts allowed to stay at Hobart Town.
  • Jacobs, Solomon (or Samuel): Went to Sydney at an early stage.
  • Jacobs, William: Described as an industrious settler in the Rokeby area.
  • Jarratt, Edward: Disappeared from Hobart Town in 1806.
  • Jamison, John: Farmed an area between Tolosa St and Humphreys Rivulet; worked hard but died in 1820 as the result of an accident.
  • Johnstone, Joshua: Became a very successful farmer in the Brighton district.
  • Jones, George: A classic example of someone actually sentenced to death for the stealing of a few handkerchiefs. He was reprieved but sentenced to transportation for life. At one stage took to the bush (for which received an amnesty); became a free man in 1818.
  • Jones, John: May have returned to England on the expiry of his sentence.
  • Jones, John: One of the convicts from Risdon Cove allowed to stay at Hobart Town.
  • Jones, Thomas: During the hunger period of 1806 he stole and killed a cow, for which he was sent to Sydney for trial. Later became a sailor.
  • Jones, William: A teenager, he became proficient in hunting, an important asset during the hungry periods from 1805 onward. Later became a sailor, and was one of those who joined Kelly to explore the West Coast and Macquarie Harbour.
  • Keep, William
  • Kemp, Richard: Originally one of Knopwood's servants, he became a successful settler in the Forcett district.
  • Kennedy, Dennis: Seems to have become a reasonably well-to-do inhabitant of Hobart Town.
  • Kennedy, James: In his late teens when arriving in Hobart Town, he may have returned to England after the expiry of his sentence.
  • Kennedy, Robert: First a servant of geologist Humphrey, later became a sailor.
  • Keough, Owen: May have returned to England after the expiry of his sentence.
  • Kidman, Richard: Received a pardon for disclosing a plot to murder Governor Collins, and returned to England soon after.
  • King, George: A young farmer, living mainly in the New Norfolk district.
  • Knowland, John P.
  • Langley, James
  • Lawler, Michael: Became a farmer in the Rokeby district.
  • Lawler, Mary: His convict wife, transferred as one of the convicts from Risdon Cove to join her convict husband staying in Hobart Town.
  • Lawrence, Jno: Worked mainly as a servant for Edward Lord, but was killed in 1815 by Marsden, one of Knopwood's servants.
  • Lawrence, Robert: Became a Hobart Town resident, but may have left the colony in later years.
  • Lazarus, Henry: Returned to England, but was sent out once more in 1822 for highway robbery. Received a ticket-of-leave in 1833.
  • Leach, William: Received a land grant in Glenorchy.
  • Long, Thomas
  • Lord, James: Eventually became one of the leading pastoralists and merchants in Van Diemen's Land.
  • Loring, Joh: A sailor, he may have returned after the expiry of his sentence.
  • Lowe, Anthony: A good blacksmith, he had his own workshop in Elizabeth St.
  • Lush, Silvester: In 1812 he married a girl who at that time was all of 12 years old. Was sent to Sarah Island for sheep stealing, but after five years got off at the request of his wife, to whom he was assigned. Died a few years later as a free settler.
  • Maggott, John: May have returned to England after the expiry of his sentence.
  • Mahoney, Arthur: Probably returned to England after serving his time.
  • Manby, John: Became a government overseer and an inhabitant of Hobart Town.
  • Manby, Sarah: Free wife of John.
  • Mann, William: Became a farmer.
  • Manning, John: Became a baker in Hobart Town.
  • Mansfield, William: Received a grant of land on which for many years there was a racecourse. Much of this area is nowadays covered by the Moonah industrial area between Sunderland St and the Main Rd, Moonah.
  • Margett, Jno: May have returned to England.
  • Marmon, William: After a trouble-free period in Hobart Town returned to England about 1821.
  • Marsh, William: After an earlier troublesome life became a farmer in the Sorell district.
  • Marshall, George: One of those who died of scurvy late in 1804.
  • McAllonah, Daniel
  • McCarthy, Dennis: One of the convicts from Risdon Cove allowed to stay at Hobart Town. Became one of the more colourful inhabitants of Van Diemen's Land.
  • McCarthy, Patrick
  • McCormack, William
  • Mellowes, John: Lived in Hobart Town until his death in 1815.
  • Merridew, Richard: One of those who died of scurvy in late 1804.
  • Michaels, Michael: Became an overseer of convicts, but eventually returned to England.
  • Miles, John: Became a farmer at Herdsman's Cove, but died as a labourer.
  • Monday, George: An overseer in Hobart Town, he and his family later moved to the country.
  • Moore, William: May have left the colony after the expiry of his sentence.
  • Morris, Augustus: A farmer in the Brighton area, he had a slaughterhouse at Herdsmans Cove, from where he delivered great quantities of meat and wheat to the Commissariat Stores in Hobart Town. Died young, but left a successful progeny.
  • Myers, Joseph: Went bush during the hunger years of 1805- 1808.
  • Nelson, Matthew: Escaped several times and became an outlaw.
  • Newland, John: Ran for some years a ferry service between Hobart and Bellerive.
  • North, James
  • Ogleman, John: Also called Hoberman.
  • Parnell, Joseph
  • Pearsall, John: A nail maker who kept a forge at Clarence Plains (Rokeby).
  • Pendall, Joshua: A labourer who for some time ran a farm.
  • Pendridge, Joseph: May have returned to England at an early stage.
  • Peters, Thomas: A grant of land was allocated to his wife, with her husband as an assigned servant. They expanded to a larger farm in the Brighton area and elsewhere, while Peters also ran a successful blacksmith shop in Elizabeth Street. His children were well-educated and in the end this family did well.
  • Peters, Ann: His free wife.
  • Peters, Elizabeth: Their daughter.
  • Peters, Martha: On rations from August 1, 1804 onward.
  • Phipps, George: Became the gardener in the Government Garden, supplying the much-needed greens for the many sufferers of scurvy.
  • Pizzy, Henry: Went to Port Dalrymple at an early stage.
  • Plunkett, Patrick: Troublesome at an early stage, but then disappears from the scene.
  • Pollard, John
  • Poole, Thomas: Became a farmer in the Brighton district.
  • Pope, William: An old offender, he may have returned to England.
  • Porter, Philip: Died in August 1804.
  • Potaskie, John: Of Polish origin, he became a very successful farmer producing large quantities of wheat.
  • Potaskie, Catherine: His free wife, born Cath Sullivan, from West Ireland.
  • Potaskie, Joseph: Their son, executed in 1821 for rape.
  • Potaskie, Catherine: Their daughter, born on the Ocean February 17, 1804 at anchor at Risdon Cove.
  • Powell, Joseph
  • Power, Matthew: Power made much use of the fact that his wife openly was the mistress of Governor Collins. (In recompense?) He received an early grant of land facing the Hobart Rivulet between the rear fence of the military barracks and the Government Gardens. Served for some time as the printer for Governor Collins and was involved in many shady or straightout illegal deals, often involving spirits. Later, he and his wife eventually returned to London.
  • Power, Hannah: His free wife, and mistress of Governor Collins.
  • Prestage, John: An industrious farmer from the Pitt Water area.
  • Price, James: Servant of Lt Sladden. One of the convicts who rowed a boat from Port Phillip to Sydney. He drowned in 1805 while swimming out to a departing ship in order to escape.
  • Quin, Thomas: Said to have married Martha Hayes but went bush during the hunger period of 1807. Accepted an amnesty in December of that year, but died a few days later.
  • Raphael, Joseph: A troublesome character who at an early stage went to Sydney.
  • Reeves, George
  • Reynolds, John: Became a sailor and faded from the Hobart Town scene.
  • Rice, Henry: Became a farmer and in 1819-20 explored a section of the East Coast.
  • Richards, Joseph: Went to Sydney at an early stage.
  • Richardson, William: An early servant of Knopwood, he later became a farmer.
  • Ridout, Ambrose: Became a farmer in the Brighton district.
  • Riley, Thomas: Became a baker, while also running a farm at Pitt Water where they produced wheat and meat.
  • Riley, Isabella: His (free?) wife.
  • Riley, Thomas: Their son.
  • Riley, James: Died from scurvy problems later in 1804.
  • Roberts, James: A brick maker who kept getting into trouble with the law.
  • Roberts, William (1st): Became a farmer in the Rokeby district.
  • Roberts, William (2nd): May have left the colony at an early stage.
  • Roberts, William (3rd): Worked much of his earlier life as a sawyer, but later was given bad land to work. Finished up as a very old man in the Brighton area.
  • Robertson, Henry: Eventually settled in the Pitt Water area.
  • Rochfort, James: A very young teenager and when arriving at Hobart Town he led a troubled life with much punishment, but in the end settled down in the Pitt Water district.
  • Rogers, John: One of the convicts who rowed a boat from Port Philips to Sydney.
  • Rose, Joseph: A scurvy patient who died later in 1804.
  • Salmon, Thomas: One of Knopwood's servants. His later life is unclear.
  • Schofield, Jonathon: A labourer who died in 1807.
  • Scholer, George: Worked as a sailor.
  • Scoures, John: After an irregular life, died as an object of charity.
  • Sculler, John: One of the participants in the Gibraltar mutiny.
  • May have returned to England.
  • Shipman, Francis: At first a surveying assistant to Mr Harris, but then appointed as clerk to Governor Collins. Later returned to London but was executed there for further misbehaviour.
  • Shore, Charles: A trouble maker who later drowned on the South Coast during a gale.
  • Smith, Charles: Became a sailor.
  • Smith, Edward: May have left the colony after his sentence expired.
  • Smith, Oliver: Became a worthy citizen of Hobart Town.
  • Smith, Thomas: Stayed in the Hobart area.
  • Smith, Thomas: Did some farming in the Clarence area.
  • Smith, William (1st): May have left the colony.
  • Smith, William (2nd): After a career at sea became a farmer in the Rokeby district, where he looked after Knopwood in his old age, when ill.
  • Starten Van,
  • Saunder: Involved in the mutiny at Gibraltar, and eventually settled in the New Norfolk area.
  • Steele, William: A child convict (he was only 10 or 11 when he arrived in the Derwent), but in 1815 he was hanged on Hunters Island for theft.
  • Stocker, William Thomas: A former military officer, he became a notable member of the Hobart Town community. In 1816 he married Mary Hayes, the mother of Martha Hayes, after the death of her husband Henry Hayes.
  • Stokes, Thomas: Left the colony after the expiry of his sentence.
  • Storey, Thomas: Escaped many times and eventually was returned to Sydney for health reasons.
  • Strickland, Philip: After an early start in Hobart Town moved to Sydney.
  • Stuart, Robert
  • Taylor, James: Took part in the mutiny at Gibraltar, and after more trouble ended up in Sydney. 
  • §     Tarratt, Thomas: Arriving as a young teenager, he moved into the Kingborough area.
  • Thatcher, Joshua: At first a servant of the geologist Humphrey, but later became a farmer in the New Norfolk area.
  • Thomas, William: One of the convicts who rowed a boat from Port Phillip to Sydney.
  • Titt, Thomas: Lived in Hobart Town.
  • Tomlins, Samuel: Became a sealer, eventually living with Aboriginal women in Bass Strait.
  • Tombs, Thomas: Spent some time as a bushranger, associated with Dennis McCarthy, circumnavigated Tasmania with Kelly while earning his keep in the Campbell Town area as a shearer.  Discovered a lake now named after him.
  • Touchfield, John: Farmer in the New Norfolk area.
  • Trim, William: In 1818 executed in Hobart Town for sheep stealing.
  • Vasey, William: Likely to have left the colony after the expiry of his sentence.
  • Wade, John: Served for many years as a constable in Hobart Town, then farmed in the Pitt Water area.
  • Wakefield, David: One of the convicts who rowed a boat from Port Phillip to Sydney. He became a farmer but later on may have returned to England.
  • Walch, Robert: A United Irishman, he was Collins' printer while the expedition was at Port Phillip, but he died later in 1804 of scurvy in Hobart Town.
  • Wall, Richard: Lost his life in a shipwreck in 1805.
  • Waltham, James: Became a farmer in the Green Ponds area.
  • Waring, Robert: A servant of Commissioner Fosbrook, he was speared by Aborigines and died of his wounds.
  • Warriner, Samuel: Became Governor Collins' chief clerk.
  • Buried at Hobart Town 1813.
  • Waterson, John Richard Webb: Served as a labourer. After his pardon in 1823 left Van Diemen's Land.
  • Wheeler, George: A lime burner who eventually became a landowner in Sydney.
  • Whitehead, Andrew: Became a successful but colourful inhabitant of Hobart Town and in 1811 married Martha Hayes, the former companion of Lieutenant John Bowen.
  • Whitehead, John: Died in the spring of 1804 from scurvy.
  • Wilkinson, John: May have returned to England at the expiry of his sentence.
  • Williams, Charles: First a servant of Knopwood and became a farmer later on.
  • Williams, John (1st): An Irish cooper.
  • Williams, John (2nd): A sailor who soon finished up before the courts in Sydney.
  • Williams, John (3rd): Became an outlaw.
  • Williams, Joshua: Became a bushranger, served in Macquarie Harbour, and ended his life farming near Rokeby.
  • Williams, Thomas (1st): Became a respected farmer in the Black Brush district.
  • Williams, Thomas (2nd): Served as a constable in Hobart Town.
  • Williams, Thomas (3rd): Worked as a stock keeper.
  • Williams, William (1st): Arrived as a teenager. First living in Hobart Town, he and his family later moved to the New Norfolk district.
  • Williams, William (2nd): Farmed at Herdsmans Cove, but later may have left the colony.
  • Willis, John: Game keeper for G.P. Harris. Later took up farming in the Sorell district.
  • Wisdom, Edward: A sailor, he probably left the colony after the expiry of his sentence.
  • Woolley, Edward: Left for Northern Tasmania after the expiry of his sentence.
  • Woolley, William: Took up farming in the Pitt Water area.

  • §     Wright, Richard: One of the convicts transferred from Risdon Cove.

Totals 274 male convicts, 16 female convicts or free wives of convicts and eight children.
Total number of convict group was 298 people.

Grand total of population at Hobart Town on 9 August 1804 (but not including any new arrivals in the Lady Barlow) was:

Collins’ Numbers
Civil Establishment
Convicts and families

Grand Totals

A Great Primary Resource if trying to find your early Hobart relatives

In 1819 William Paterson was the Superannuated Wharfinger.
 (Was he paid out for using his wharf?)
And his son William married Elizabeth O'Brien.  She was the daughter of Thomas O'Brien and Susannah Mortimer.  His grandson Thomas married Rosetta Dowdell.




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