Beard is a man of great taciturnity-he never speaks but keeps a keen eye upon the inmates of the dwelling over whom he stands sentinel, with double-barrel gun in hand, while his partner is stowing away the contents of the knapsacks Their habits of life appear to render them very powerful-they walk away with seeming ease with a weight on their backs that would make an ordinary man stagger. It is the opinion of those best informed on the subject, that the course of these polite desperadoes must be well nigh run. Even now they are warmly beset by parties of police and soldiery, under the directions of the Magistrates of Campbell Town
George Bisdee arrived in 1837
He was granted 700 acres (283 ha) (Thorpe) on the Clyde at Bothwell, which he exchanged for better land at White Hills near Jericho. Within a year he was appointed governor of the Hobart Town gaol, chief constable for the district of Murray, and keeper of the Hobart pound. In Campbell Street he ran a nursery garden where he propagated and sold many kinds of fruit trees.
He made his brother Edward manager at White Hills (Hutton Park), and continued to increase his holdings by grants, purchases and leases, at the same time building up a fine merino flock. In 1829 he was complimented on this work and his public service by Lieutenant-Governor (Sir) George Arthur.
In 1833 he resigned as governor of the gaol. During his term of eleven years he was both respected and liked: only one prisoner escaped and there were no complaints of harsh treatment. Upon resigning he was made a justice of the peace and Hutton Park became his permanent home.
In 1835 he went to England and returned in April 1840. Within seven years he was occupying 10,000 acres (4047 ha) of pasture land. He was again in England, where in May 1847 he told a select committee of the House of Lords on transportation that the system of assignment was more humanitarian and successful than the probation gangs which caused the moral deterioration of convicts.
He recommended that the number of overseers should be increased by sending free men especially for that duty from England, thereby avoiding the undesirable use of ex-convicts and local men. He estimated that 2000 convicts a year were all that the colony could conveniently take unless the British government undertook extensive road and bridge building and dammed the lakes of the interior for irrigation much needed in dry country.
In 1848 his wife Ann died; they had two sons and four daughters. On 25 August 1853 in Hobart he married Henrietta Charlotte Miller. By her he had three daughters and one son who died in infancy.
He eventually returned to England where he died on 18 November 1862 at Moorland Cottage, near Hutton. His son John stayed in the colony and inherited Hutton Park. One grandson was Lieutenant-Colonel John Hutton Bisdee who, as a trooper, won the V.C. in the South African war.
John Bisdee was known as a just and humane man who helped convicts and others he considered unfortunate. He was highly thought of by the governors of his time, and helped to put the stamp of England on the Tasmanian landscape by planting English trees, importing the first fallow deer, and raising pheasants at Hutton Park.
Church of England by faith, he left descendants who strongly supported that church; they also continued his work of improving lands and growing fine wools. A portrait of him is in the possession of B. H. Bisdee of Hutton Park.
They had three children
1. Herbert John Whiteside MacKenzie Kennedy b 1 Feb 1858 in Ireland
2. Chessborough Gordon MacKenzie Kennedy b 3 Oct 1858 in Ireland
3. Edward Charles William MacKenzie Kennedy b 6 July 1863
In 1870 she married John William Moore Miller He had been married to Catherine Bowman in India in 1852, she died in 1869. He then married Catherine. He died in 1884 in Hampshire
They had a daughter . Lillian Frances Throckmorton Moore Miller
Lillian married in 1904 Arthur James Barton at St John's Blackheath, Greenwich She died in June 1948 in Devon.
He died 7 July 1914 in Stonehouse, Gloucestershire. Sarah died 1934.
Herbert John Whiteside MacKenzie Kennedy was a Lieut in 2nd Battalion of the Norfolk (late 9th) Regiment.
Daisy Blanche Marion MacKenzie Kennedy 1883 - 1951 m Charles Douglas Roe OBE, DSO, Lieut Col Indian Army born 1882 in 1883 at Bakloh Puyal India
Ivy Mariette MacKenzie Kennedy 1885 1955 b in Benares in India died Aug 1955 in Kenya
Kenneth Edward Bisdee MacKenzie Kennedy 1886 - 1958 b Benares India died in
Winifred Rose Gordon MacKenzie Kennedy 1889 - 1996 b Old Mixon in Somerset m Frank Etheridge MacKenzie in 1906 in India
Violet Maud Emily MacKenzie Kennedy 1891 - 1969 m Walter MacGregor Petrie 1913
Chessborough Gordon MacKenzie Kennedy m 1879 Ethel Helen Slane (widow) in Dhubri West Bengal in India. Ethel died in 1936 in London
He was appointed Deputy-Commissioner in Assam in 1897 and died in 1898 in Nowgong Assam India. In 1897 there was a huge earthquake in Assam.
....one of the most powerful earthquakes in recorded human history that took place on Saturday, June 12, 1897 in Assam. This earthquake was 50 times more powerful than the tremor that hit San Fransisco.The earthquake left an area of 150,000 square miles (about the size of California) in ruins and was felt over one and a quarter million square miles (about half the size of the United States) from the Western Burmese border to almost near New Delhi.
Francis Emma Margaret Kennedy 1881 In India She was unmarried and died in Sicily January 1951
Sybil Alice Mary MacKenzie Kennedy 1882 In India She did not marry, but travelled even to Australia in 1919 Died 1937 London
Mildred Isabel May MacKenzie Kennedy 1885 India She was unmarried and died 7 th October 1944 in London
Chessborough James Henry MacKenzie-Kennedy who was born in 1886
Chessborough Gordon MacKenzie-Kennedy was the first inventor of the giant aircraft, he married Zinaida Koriakoff in St Petersburg Russia in 1910. He emigrated to US, in 1939 and was naturalised. He died in the US in 1942.
Following the unimpressive test flight, the design was cancelled and the prototype was left derelict at Northolt Aerodrome for a number of years.
The product of a gifted young man, Chessborough J H Mackenzie-Kennedy, the Giant was of impressive proportions, but of doubtful structural integrity and badly underpowered. As an eighteen-year-old and with three pounds in his pocket, Kennedy had left England for Russia, convinced of aviation's future and, in particular, the potential of very large aeroplanes.
In 1908 he completed the design of Russia's first aeroplane, and formed the Kennedy Aeronautic Company the following year. Becoming associated with Igor Sikorskii in 1911, he was involved in the design of the first Sikorskii four-engine biplanes before returning to England on the outbreak of war.
Kennedv discussed his ideas for very large aeroplanes with the War Office, by which he was promised support, and established his design office at 102 Cromwell Road, South Kensington, together with T W K Clarke, G C McClaughlin and E A Vessey.
He personally financed the building of the plane, and in 1920, the British Government gave him 115K pounds for the work on his invention. He was still 100K out of pocket. He was bankrupted in 1924, according to the newspapers.
However he seemed to bounce back because in 1927, at a Textile Trade Show, he showed his latest invention Garter Skirts.
He and his wife had a son who was born in Petregad Russia 23 March 1911 and died July 1948.
He was made a Companion of the Order of the Bath (CB) in 1910
Major-General Gerald Charles Kitson, C.V.O., C.M.G., Quartermaster-General in India.
Surgeon-General Arthur Thomas Sloggett, C.M.G., Principal Medical Officer, India.
Major-General Edward Charles William Mackenzie-Kennedy, Indian Army, Brigade Commander, Belgaum Brigade.
Edward and Ethel had three children
Henry Charles Donald Cleveland MacKenzie Kennedy born 1889 in Hastings
In July 1942, Sir Charles Donald Cleveland Mackenzie Kennedy (better known as DMK), will take over the administration of Mauritius. He will bring political change, culminating in the grant of the December 1947 Constitution leading to the general elections of August 1948, which will completely change the political scenario of Mauritius.
In a secret letter to Arthur Creech-Jones, the Secretary of State for the Colonies, dated 2nd August 1948, Governor DMK will write this prophetic note on Dr S. Ramgoolam : « A bitter, dangerous man, determined to break the whites and oust the British, who has considerable influence amongst the Hindus, and of their self-appointed leaders, is the one most likely to obtain ultimate control. I have hopes Dr Ramgoolam will become more moderate with increasing responsibility. »
In 1930, Mackenzie-Kennedy was Chief Secretary of Northern Rhodesia. He was urged to deny the Ndola Welfare Association permission to meet, since mine owner might react unfavorably to an organization such as this being led by civil servants.In June 1935, Mackenzie-Kennedy wrote to Sir Stewart Gore-Browne urging him to stand for election in Broken Hill. He said "Your duty is clear".
In Malawi 20 Mar 1939 - 8 Aug 1942 Sir Henry Charles Donald Cleveland (b. 1889 - d. 1965)
Colin George Edmund MacKenzie Kennedy
He was born in India, and then attended Officer Training College in the Navy in Marlborough UK.
He travelled to Canada, and joined the Canadian Military.
#2204634 Spr Colin George Edmund Mckenzie-Kennedy.
He began as a member of a Forestry Reinforcement Draft, North Vancouver. In Hamilton Ont. he was transferred to the 40th Draft Railway Construction and went o/s June 20th/18 on HMT Waimana(?) and disembarked Jul 7/18.
Next day TOS C.R.T. Depot Purfleet.
SOS CRTD as a/Sgt. on proceeding o/s with 7th Bn Railway Troop 3/9/18.
Reverted to Spr at own request. His service time in France was shortened by illness.
27/01/19 inv sick and posted to CCC Kinmel Park, Knotty Oak nr Liverpool.
Returned to Canada from Liverpool via HMT Scotian 25/03/19.
SOS CEF 9th apr. 1919 in Revelstoke BC bound for home in Salmon Arm
Irene MacKenzie Kennedy born 1891 - 1970
Archibald Gordon MacKenzie Kennedy born 1904 and lived and died in Kircudbright
After being educated at Fullands School, Taunton, he was apprenticed to the firm of Sir W. G. Armstrong and Co., Elswick, Newcastle-upon-Tyne; and after serving his term, he was admitted to the drawing office, obtained the gold medal of the Science and Art Department for applied science, and was subsequently engaged upon the erection of machinery.
He then entered the service of the Chilian Government, to superintend the erection of work at Valparaiso. He afterwards re-entered the service of the Elswick firm; and at the end of 1884 was appointed manager to the gun factory at Kiangnan, Shanghai.
He became a Member of this Institution in 1883; and in the summer of that year acted as Honorary Local Secretary at Antwerp for the visit of the Members attending the Belgian Meeting.
Albert was the son of Edward Penny Trenchard, who was a Timber merchant, in USA and in London.
Albert joined the 2South Kent Rifle Volunteer Group, in 1873, as a Sub-Lieutenant.
He and Rose had three children
Oswald Henry Bisdee Trenchard 1882 - 1976 m Alma May Bisdee 1891 - 1918 (cousin) She died in India. m Gladys Gordon Simpkins b 1890 He died in California.
He served in India as a 2nd Lieutenant.
Guy Bertram Bisdee Trenchard 1885 - 1935 m Athalie Dorothea Cluer 1883 - 1960
He was a Lieutenant in the Royal Artillery.
Vida May Trenchard 1889 - 1972 m Charles Edward Blandford 1885
Their son was Edward Oliver Blandford born in India in 1913
He married some ten years later, and his eldest son, Henry Miller, was born on 30 December 1809 in Derry. Married in Ireland Jane Morphett.
His brother, Joseph Miller, was Mayor of Derry on five different occasions. His nephew, Sir William Miller, was also mayor.
Miller was in the 40th Regiment which served under the Duke of Wellington on the Peninsula. When Wellington commenced his campaign of 1812 by taking Ciudad Rodrigo, Miller took part in the assault, which in which 90 officers and 1200 men were killed.
Miller then crossed the Atlantic Ocean with the 40th. He was at the unsuccessful attack on New Orleans on 8 January 1815 when the commanding officer, Sir Edward Pakenham, was killed.
Miller was back again in Europe in time to be present at the Battle of Waterloo which was his final war service. He was given the Peninsular medal, with clasps for Busaco, Badajos, and Ciudad Rodrigo, and the Waterloo Medal.
After Waterloo the 40th regiment formed part of the army of occupation, and Lieutenant Miller was joined by his wife and family in Paris.
The Battle of Waterloo sealed the fate of Napoleon. As a result, Great Britain was able devote more attention to its growing colonial empire. In March 1823 the regiment was ordered to go to New South Wales. Lieutenant Miller and his family came out with one of the detachments.
Sir Thomas Brisbane had decided that only married officers with families were to be sent as commandants of the out-settlements, and he formally appointed Lieutenant Henry Miller to establish the Moreton Bay penal colony on 12 September 1824. However, by that date Lieutenant Miller was already in charge at Moreton Bay, having arrived there from Sydney in the brig Amity a couple of months earlier.
The Moreton Bay penal colony was initially very primitive. There were no buildings, except huts. The only link to civilisation was the occasional arrival of a ship from Sydney into Moreton Bay (for no ship in that time had ever entered the Brisbane River). It was in these surroundings that Miller's wife gave birth to a son, who was afterwards christened Charles Moreton Miller, the first European child born at Moreton Bay and the first Queenslander.
Henry Miller was at Moreton Bay for about 18 months. He was then succeeded by Captain Peter Bishop, also of the 40th.
Henry Miller returned to Sydney. From there he went to Van Diemen's Land. In 1828,the regiment went to India, but Captain Miller remained in Hobart in an appointment with the commissariat. He lived at Hobart in a house facing the Glebe.
His oldest son, Henry, who was 15 years old when his father was at Moreton Bay, entered the Audit Office in Hobart, but left to go to the new settlement at Port Phillip where he would become a prominent citizen of the city of Melbourne.
On 30 December 1840 his wife died at Hobart, aged 53, and on 23 August 1842 Captain Miller married again to Miss McQueen, of New Norfolk.
Henry Miller died at Hobart on 10 January 1866. The second wife died in 1891 and is buried at Hobart with her son, Ernest George Miller, who died in 1887, aged 37 years. Captain Miller's grave at Hobart in course of time fell into disrepair
"Another of the Heroes of Waterloo has passed away. It will be seen that our obituary records the decease of Henry Miller, Esquire, late Captain of the 40th Regiment, at his residence in Campbell street, on Tuesday the 10th instant. The departed gentleman has been a resident of Tasmania for many years past, and on the anniversary of Waterloo day was always to be observed with the Waterloo medal on his breast. At the battle of Waterloo Captain Miller ranked as a Lieutenant. Henry Miller, Esquire, generally known as the Victorian Millionaire, and lately Minister of Lands and Works in Victoria, is the eldest son of the deceased veteran."
His children were
(Lieutenant Miller to :Lieutenant-Colonel Balfour) (Tasmanian State Archives, Ref. C.S.O.1/371/8476)
Hobart Town April 25th 1826
I have the honour of addressing you, for the purpose of requesting you to recommend me to His Excellency the Lieutenant-Governor for the Commandantship of Macquarie Harbour as I have been given to understand it is his intention to recall Captain Butler. Lest my having been superseded by Captain Bishop in the command at Morton Bay should lead you to conclude me unfit for such a situation, I consider it incumbent in justice to myself to lay the following statement before you which, if necessary, I can prove for your satisfaction. In August 1824 I was appointed to form a Penal Settlement at Morton Bay and arrived there in September; my written instructions received from Sir Thomas Brisbane, directed me, first to build huts for the soldiers and prisoners, then, a Store House, Guard House and jail and those completed to clear one hundred acres of land for the reception of Maize. To carry these instructions into effect only 29 prisoners and one Overseer were put under my command - the Overseer was dissatisfied with his salary and allowances and returned immediately to Sydney. At once I perceived the hands afforded me were wholly inadequate to accomplish such purposes, but being quite confident that reinforcements would soon as a matter of course follow me, and determining that nothing on my part should be wanting that the most strenuous personal exertion could supply, I became at once Commandant, Superintendent, and Overseer; nothing was undertaken that I did not plan, nothing was carried on that I did not inspect, literally, under a burning sun earning my bread in the sweat of my brow; I passed toilsome and miserable days, anxious and restless nights, and underwent privations, difficulties and hardships greater than any I had been called upon to sustain during years of actual service
The situation selected by the person appointee by Government for that express purpose as a site for the Settlement proved on trial, in every respect ineligible, the ground was light, sandy and sterile, no timber fit for building was in its neighbourhood, and the very grass for thatch (as a substitute for shingles) I had to send miles for; while, so limited was our supply of water, that I found myself obliged in the midst of all the other press of business to have recourse to the expedient of sinking a regular well. In the latter end of November 1824, Sir Thomas Brisbane visited Morton Bay, and expressed himself satisfied with what I had done; he also observed that in all probability he would have the settlement removed, but said nothing decisive on the subject. Early in December 1824, the very small stock of Medicines sent with us was completely exhausted, and sickness attacked the Prisoners; nor till the month of August 1825 was there any medicines, of any description forwarded to the Settlement, though I applied for them to Head Quarters whenever opportunity offered, which indeed was seldom, as a continued period of five months has been suffered to elapse, without any vessel being sent to our relief ' the consequence of which was, that I have been frequently reduced to nine, ten, eleven, or twelve men, per day to carry into effect plans which would have required at least one hundred, and during the whole of the time I was Commandant, there were but seven prisoners sent as reinforcements, two of whom I was directed, "to have instructed in the duties of Overseers" although there was no person on the Settlement capable of so doing. I had also to labour under the vast disadvantage of not knowing the Government tasks for the different kinds of Work; I repeatedly applied for a list of them, but was never supplied with it.
On my arrival at Morton Bay, it was one of my first cares to have a quantity of Garden seeds and Potatoes put into the ground, knowing how important it would be to have a supply of vegetables, but, owing to the advanced period of the season, the extreme badness of the soil, the want of manure, and the scorching heat of the sun, some of those seeds never vegetated and the remainder after making a sickly appearance for a short time withered away, though I had them carefully watered every evening. .When the cool season set in, and manure had accumulated,
I succeeded in rearing a few vegetables which were distributed amongst the sick and others on the Settlement. In April 1825 I received orders from Government to abandon the Settlement, and form another at the distance of twenty seven miles; this I accomplished; though the difficulties of the task, situated as I then was, with my original few wasted and enfeebled by sickness, were so many, and so great, that none but an eye-witness could, in the least form an idea of them, and it would swell this statement beyond all limits were I even to attempt their description. A short time after this removal was effected so little were our wants attended to, that our supply of flour totally failed; and at a crisis when wholesome food was particularly and indispensably necessary to preserve the few who were able to work in health, and to establish the convalescent, we found ourselves reduced to the necessity of living on salt meat, and field pease, the baneful effects of which soon became deplorably visible, and in the midst of all this suffering, in the month of August 1825 to my unspeakable astonishment Captain Bishop arrived to displace me in the Command and I was officially informed that Sir Thomas Brisbane had taken this step "in consequence of the little exertion manifested by me in the duties of the appointment." In those general terms was this communication expressed nor up to this hour have I been able to discover wherein this alleged want of exertion on my part consisted but have had to submit to the severe infliction of being condemned unheard and uninformed of any one error and I hope I may be permitted to say when exculpating myself that it is my confident belief that I was removed to cover the mistakes of others and here Sir I beg most respectfully to appeal to you, is it in the least probable that I would remain inactive or supine when expressly informed in my written instructions that any emolument I might expect to reap the second year must arise entirely from the prisoners I could ration by the produce of the settlement.
On my arrival in Sydney, I waited on Sir Thomas Brisbane, and requested that it my conduct during the time of my being Commandant appeared to him in any degree incorrect, that he would order the strictest investigation into it; I also delivered to him a voluminous written statement (of which this is partly the substance) but to neither my request or statement, did I ever receive any answer. I then considered it my duty in justice to my family to Memorial to be appointed to the vacant Engineer ship at Morton Bay, and received a verbal answer by Mr Stirling then acting as Sir Thomas Brisbane's Aid-de-Camp that he did not consider it delicate to his successor to make new appointments on the eve of his departure. This answer Mr Stirling repeated at my request and in my presence, to Colonel Dumaresq as I considered it necessary that that gentleman should be informed it was from no personal objection to me Sir Thomas declined appointing me to that situation. I have now Sir most earnestly to apologise for trespassing on your time by the length of this statement which I found impossible to shorten consistent with clearness, and I trust that should any vague rumour have reached you to my prejudice, it will be successful in removing it.
I have, etc, Henry Miller
With respect to the Engineer's Stores which were missing at Morton Bay I shall have the honour of laying before you for your information the substance of a Memorial I forwarded to Sir Thomas Brisbane on the subject with the least possible delay.
From 1823 to 1829, the 40th Regiment was posted to New South Wales. Lieutenant Miller commanded the guard on the convict ship Isabella, which departed Cork, Ireland, in August 1823 carrying some 200 male convicts, mostly Irishmen. On the voyage a conspiracy to mutiny was uncovered. The Isabella, also carrying Miller’s wife Jane and their family, arrived in Sydney on 16 December 1823. The following September saw Lt. Miller attempting, as ordered, to create a penal settlement at Redcliffe Point. He relocated it to the Brisbane River site in May 1825.
Charged with the task of establishing the Moreton Bay Penal Settlement, Lieutenant Henry Miller of the 40th Regiment, with the assistance of surveyor John Oxley, a detachment of guards and some 30 convicts, established a group of slab, brick and bark buildings at what is today’s Redcliffe Point in September 1824.
The site had little fresh water and many mosquitos. Skirmishes with the local Ningy Ningy people occurred. Within a year a decision was made to attempt a new site on the banks of the Brisbane River, earlier explored by Oxley. This second settlement centred on a landing place at what became Queen’s Wharf, expanding to higher ground along what is today’s Queen Street, Brisbane. The convicts of Moreton Bay were second offenders, initially 30 then later drafts of 30 to 50. Each draft was accompanied by a guard of 15 soldiers from the 40th Regiment.
He came to Victoria 48 years ago, and he never left it, not even on a visit to the other colonies or to the land of his birth. By remarkably successful financial operations he amassed a fortune believed to be the largest in the possession of any single individual in Victoria. He bequeaths over £2,000,000 to his widow, his sons, and daughters. The son of a captain in the 40th regiment of foot, Mr. Henry Miller began life as a clerk to his father, who was then in charge of the Ordnance Store Department at Hobart. He subsequently received an appointment as a clerk in the Government Audit Office there, and served for seven years in that capacity.
In 1840 he emigrated to Victoria, and here he has ever since remained. Many stories are told to illustrate the bent of his life's work. Most of these are apocryphal, but the following is authentic: — Playing with a younger brother in his youthful days, he was asked to explain a boyish trick. 'Yes,' he said, 'I will if you give me fourpence.' From that time to the present the amassing of money has been the ruling passion of his life. His father was a good soldier of the old-fashioned type, who feared God and honoured the king. He carried the colours at Waterloo. After the peace of 1815 the 40th regiment was ordered to Glasgow, and there young Miller resided for a few years. In 1823 he sailed with his father to Australia, Captain Miller having been selected as captain of the guard of the convict ship Isabella. He next went to Moreton Bay.
On the voyage out Henry, as an enterprising lad, had been discussing with his brothers the glories of a private expedition of their own into the terra incognita of the bush, and immediately on landing they set off for anywhere — to see the wild men of Australia, to feast their eyes on the wonderful sights of a country in its primitive state, and to enjoy the luxury of climbing trees, the tops of which they could hardly see. The result was they were lost for a time, and the first duty of Captain Miller, when he became commandant of the infant settlement, was to order out a search party of the men belonging to the 40th to look for the runaways. They were rescued after some trouble.
In 1825 his father's regiment was ordered to Van Diemen's Land. Arrived at Hobart, Captain Miller assumed the position of ordnance storekeeper, and Henry acted as his clerk. When the Ordnance Department was merged into an Imperial office Captain Miller rejoined his regiment, and Henry received the appointment in the Audit Office, which he held for seven years. Captain Miller's regiment was ordered to India, and he left Henry in charge of his house and of his two brothers, Mars and Charles.
Henry turned the circumstance to good account. The same spirit which actuated him in asking for the fourpence from his brother was at work. In those days it was difficult for a respectable Englishman to obtain lodgings at Hobart, and Henry let the vacant rooms at the very highest figure he could obtain. He carefully, saved all the money he thus obtained, and it proved to be the foundation of his great fortune, for when he came to Victoria later on he was able to make profitable investments and lend money on mortgage.
In 1834 he was married to Miss Eliza Mattinson, second daughter of the late Captain Mattinson, of the mercantile marine. Five years subsequent to his marriage he visited Port Phillip, and although what is now Collins-street was then a bush track, he foresaw the future of Melbourne, and returned to Tasmania, announcing that Port Phillip was the place for him. So it proved to be. 'A man,' he used to say, 'must attend to his business, or his business will leave him,' and attending to his business, he thought it well to leave Tasmania for Port Phillip. Thither he emigrated with his family in 1840.
When he came to Victoria he started in business, lending money on mortgage and discounting bills, and gradually valuable properties fell into his hands. The gold fever tempted him not. He believed in slow, steady, accumulation of wealth, and in his little office, opposite where the Athenaeum now stands, he was his own accountant.
It was then he started a novel system of bookkeeping. He dispensed with the formidable ledgers and daybooks, and merely kept memoranda of his transactions in notebooks. But there was no confusion. He had arranged everything himself for himself and his family, and he had a remarkably good memory, a splendid head for figures, was far-seeing, and never made mistakes. True, he might have made much more money had he been of a speculative turn of mind, but he might have lost, and to lose was the one thing he dreaded.
Gradually his money lending business developed into banking, and he founded the Bank of Victoria. Of this institution he was the first chairman, for he loved to be at the head of affairs in all his enterprises, and up to two years ago he never missed attending the meetings of the directors. As Melbourne grew in importance he added to his pile. ‘Gold rushes’ were not for him, but money-making was.
He formed the Victoria Fire and Marine Insurance, the Victoria Life and General Insurance Company, and both institutions have met with a remarkable success. In conjunction with Mr. William Nicholson, Mr. Miller was the originator of the building societies.
Mr. Miller owned the Melbourne Exchange, which he purchased for £128,000; he held a lease of the Western Market; he built the market buildings; he owns a large block of city property, occupied by Mullen's Library, Gunsler's Cafe, and other businesses, which cost him £80,000. It is impossible at present to form even an estimate with any degree of correctness of the value of his city property, and this remark, owing to his unusual method of book-keeping, holds good in reference to his country property in the Bacchus Marsh district, Millpark, Craigieburn, and in the northern suburbs.
Only once is it recorded of him that he went out of his money-making way. This was during the 'black war' in Tasmania. In 1830 he was one of the men chosen to form a net, by which it was hoped to secure the blacks on a peninsula, and put an end to the bitter revenge they were taking for the cruelties of the convict stockmen. The attempt was unsuccessful.
He was the second child of Captain Henry Miller and Jane Morphett and married with Sarah Charlotte Fleming on January 27, 1842, at Oatlands, Tasmania, Australia.
Sarah and Mars moved to Melbourne where Mars was the master of the Melbourne Grammar School and had 15 children: Mars, Henry, Sarah, M Miller, John Morphett, David, Mary Victoria, Joseph Septimus, Samuel, Jonathan (Caleb), Caleb, Theresa Jane, Wesley Montagu, Montagu Charles and Ellen Clementina Morphett-Miller . He is buried at North Fitzroy Cemetery
Charles Moreton Miller
Charles was one of the first children to be born in the settlement at Moreton Bay, in 1824.
A Death notice for Charles Morton MILLER in the Hobart Mercury Monday 20 Sept 1897 states that Charles was the third son of Capt. Miller.
Miller,- On September 11 (suddenly, of paralysis), at the residence of his son-in-law, "Grandview," Tivoli-road, South Yarra, Charles Morton, third son of Captain Henry Miller, of the 40th Regiment, late of Hobart, aged 75 years.
Sir Edward Miller was born in Richmond in August 1848. He was the youngest and only survivor of the four sons of Sir Henry Miller, M.L.C., who came to Australia from Londonderry, Ireland, and who died in 1888, after having amassed a large fortune by financial investments. His brothers were Messrs William, Septimus and Albert Miller. Mr Henry Miller’s father was Captain Henry Miller of the 40th Regiment, a Peninsula and Waterloo veteran who became first military commandant in Queensland.
On his father’s death Sir Edward Miller assumed great financial responsibilities. He soon showed that he had inherited a large share of his father’s gift for financial management. He became a member of the directorate of the Bank of Victoria and for many years filled the position of chairman. His constancy to his duties was one of the notable facts in the annals of Victorian banking. His share in the family investments included many notable buildings in Melbourne to the management of which he brought the same unremitting care and interest. He made it a personal duty to see that his city estate was well cared for and was efficiently managed and kept modern.
Sir Edward Millet s interests broadened with the ever increasing scope of his investments. He was part-owner of Rocklands Estate, Camooweal, Queensland and through this and other pastoral investments he acquired a wide knowledge of pastoral values, for it was his habit to make a detailed study of everything that came under his financial direction. Sir Edward Miller’s thoroughness and zest for constant work made him greatly in demand for many services.
He was chairman of the Victoria Insurance Company for many years and a director and chairman of the Gold-mining Association of Charters Towers, Queensland, which realised £550,000 worth of gold for a calling power of £4,500. He was interested in Broken Hill from its inception, and the first scrip of the Broken Hill Pty Co was issued to him. Sir Edward Millet was chairman of directors also of the Pioneer Tin-mining Co of Tasmania. As recently as 1928 Sir Edward Miller’s keen attention to detail in the conduct of company meetings was the subject of admiration among shareholders. In early life he and his brothers were pioneers of hunting in Victoria, and the Findon Harriers, a club which took its name from the Miller family estate at Kew, was largely supported by them. For 20 years Sir Edward Miller was master of the hounds. At one time he was president of the Melbourne Club.
Sir Edward Miller had been one of the earliest scholars of the Melbourne Church of England Grammar School which he entered a few days after its opening in 1858. When he was elected to the Legislative Council for the South Yarra Province in 1892 he brought a mind rich in business experience in sport and in social work to his legislative duties, and for the 20 years in which he remained in politics–for the greater part of the time as the representative of the East Yarra Province–he was recognised by his colleagues as a man of sound judgment.
As treasurer of the Red Cross Society for many years, Sir Edward Miller was brought into a very useful sphere of action. At the time of the Great War his financial ability was of immense value to the society when the drain on its funds reached a maximum. It was partly in recognition of this phase of his varied and valuable life work that he was knighted in 1917.
For some time Sir Edward Miller was treasurer of the Talbot Colony for Epileptics and a member of the finance committee of the Children’s Hospital. Lady Miller, who before her marriage in 1877 was Miss Mary Elizabeth Darlot, received the O.B.E. in 1918 for her patriotic work. There are two sons–Mr Eustace Miller, who is now returning from England and Mr E. Studley Miller.
Mary Miller, with her husband, Edward, whom she married in September 1877, was an early member of the Australian Red Cross Society in Victoria. They had two sons. Mary Miller was appointed Officer of the Order of the British Empire for her war work in 1918. Her husband, a financier, pastoralist and politician, was knighted in 1917 and held the position of Honorary Treasurer of the Australian Red Cross Society until 1928.
Gertrude Mary Thorne 1845
George Thorne 1847
Theodora B Thorne 1848
Rosalie Ann Thorne 1850-1927
Emily Nuttall Thorne 1852-1903
Melina Julia Thorne 1852-1887
Ellen Elizabeth Thorne 1855-1938
Walter Allan Thorne 1860-1939
It is with great honour that we reveal that the mysterious “Mr Thorn” was Mr George Thorne, of Claremont House, Rose Bay, a Sydney business man and merchant who had a number of business interests in Newcastle.
Apart from acting as colonial secretary in 1851-52, he remained colonial treasurer until responsible government in 1856. On retirement he was given a pension of £600 for life (18 Vic. no. 17). He had also served from time to time as commissioner of the Caveat Board.
He returned to England on leave in 1847, partly to pay court to a lady he had met in the colony: Mary, second daughter of John Bisdee. They were married at Hutton, Somerset, on 11 October 1848, just before their return to the colony; two sons and a daughter were born at Hobart. Fraser finally returned to England with his family in 1860 to settle in Somerset. Though not in robust health, he survived another twenty-eight years, dying at Weston-super-Mare on 27 April 1888.
One son was then a medical practitioner at Totnes, Devon.
Three things stand out about Fraser's life in Van Diemen's Land, two of them providing a rather unusual contrast: his unquestioned integrity and solid respectability on the one hand, and his self-abnegation and reluctance to accept responsibility on the other. The third feature of note was his enthusiasm as an amateur landscape painter. That Fraser could enjoy a relatively uneventful occupancy of the Treasury for some fourteen years and retire from it honourably was unusual for a period in which lapses of conduct by self-seeking officials so often led to dismissal. Lieutenant-Governor Sir William Denison praised his methodical and business-like habits, and noted that he had conducted himself to the satisfaction of all the governors under whom he had served.
Yet his popularity was to a large extent a product of his retiring nature. He had not even wanted promotion as treasurer, but felt unable to decline without giving offence to Sir John Franklin; he twice unhesitatingly vacated his seat on the Legislative Council to make way for other officials; and he refused the high office of colonial secretary. He did his job well but unimaginatively, and liked nothing better than to associate with the members of Hobart's lively artistic community.
He was a frequent companion of John Skinner Prout and later of the colonial auditor, George Boyes, who had at first despised him for his 'want of energy and resolution'. He was a leading member of the committee which organized Australia's first art exhibition in the Tasmanian Legislative Council chambers in January 1845, and he exhibited his own work at this and later exhibitions.
The Most Excellent Order of the British Empire, O.B.E. (Civil) Officer’s 2nd type breast badge; Military Cross, G.V.R., unnamed as issued; 1914-15 Star (Lieut. C. H. Pigg, Worc. R.); British War and Victory Medals, M.I.D. oak leaf (Capt. C. H. Pigg); Defence and War Medals 1939-45, mounted as worn, together with a set of related miniature dress medals, rank corrected on the fourth, generally good very fine
The Great War campaign group of three awarded to 2nd Lieutenant B. W. Pigg,
1914 Star, with clasp (753 Sjt. B. W. Pigg, H.A.C.); British War and Victory Medals (2 Lieut. B. W. Pigg), extremely fine (17) £2500-3000
M.C. London Gazette 27 July 1916:
‘For conspicuous gallantry. He has done excellent work throughout the operations, and organised his company with great skill.’
Charles Herbert Pigg was born in January 1887 and was educated at Cheltenham College, where he excelled at cricket, football and hockey, and at Jesus College, Cambridge. He later played for the the Cambridgeshire Cricket XI and played rugby for Blackheath. Pre-war, he was a master at his old school, but with the advent of hostilities was commissioned in the Worcestershire Regiment in October 1914 and first went out to France as a Lieutenant in the 10th Battalion in July 1915.
But it was after being attached to the 2nd Battalion that he won his M.C., a typical example of his ‘excellent work’ being a successful raid on Auchy on 1-2 July 1916, an action recorded in detail in his diary:
‘The bombardment when it came was terrific, and after a minute a 60-pounder shell dropped short and just in front of our noses. For a few seconds when it exploded the men thought the mine had gone up for the advance; but we checked them, and then at last, after what seemed ages, up went the mine with a great shake of earth, and we were in the remains of the enemy wire and through it in a moment. Each man and officer knew his task to an inch and went straight to his post. The German trench, as I stood above it, seemed very deep and much more soundly constructed than ours. Jumping down, I found Private Raven with his bayonet at the throat of a German soldier.
We soon fixed Company H.Q. at the point previously determined, and immediately I was speaking to Leman 200 or 300 yards away; the noise was deafening and only by shouting could we use the telephone at all. Our organisation worked perfectly, and at 1.15, after an hour had passed very rapidly, I gave the signal to withdraw. Our own firing ceased and the trenches were rapidly cleared. Presently a runner and I were left alone and we walked along the new empty lines to ensure no one had been left behind. It was a curious experience in the comparative silence; and the climb out of the deserted trench and the walk back across the open uncanny. Direction might have been easily lost, but to guide us we had German guns which were now slowly shelling No Man’s Land. The shells rushed past us in the darkness and burst in front of us along the parapet, and we were relieved to pass our wire and drop into our lines.’
A week or two later, he was gassed at High Wood on the 21st, but managed to remain on duty until being evacuated by No. 1/3 Highland Field Ambulance 48 hours later, and thence to No. 45 Casualty Clearing Station, Rouen and England.
‘Now, as I gave orders for the Company to fall in by platoons on the road, I had some hope that the darkness would protect us. But it was not to be. Just as we formed up and were moving off, the Boche turned everything available on to us. I was in the rear of the Company, and with the high explosive came the soft thud of what at first seemed dud shells. One of these fell and burst gently in front of and to the right of the man marching before me; he paused and fell in his tracks, dead in a moment. I shouted gas, and our helmets were on in an instant; but, if gas, it was something new to us, not tear, shell, nor deadly chlorine.
Soon the low valley through which we stumbled in the darkness was full of smoke and gas, nor was it easy to read a map and find our destination; to do this I had to make intervals to take a deep breath and pull up my helmet. It was the inferno of Dante made real ...’
He was subsequently employed as an instructor, being advanced to Staff Captain with command of an Officer Cadet unit and, in August 1918, was appointed Brigade Major.
Returning to Cheltenham College after the War to resume his teaching career, he was a popular housemaster and member of staff in the 1920s and 1930s, prior to retiring in 1940, but quickly returned to duty with an appointment as a Flying Officer in the Royal Air Force Volunteer Reserve.
He arrived in Van Diemen's Land on 29 April 1827 when his ship Hope was wrecked at the entrance to the River Derwent. At first he managed his brother John's property, Hutton Park, at White Hills near Jericho. In 1827, on the strength of capital amounting to £712 in money and goods and his brother's recommendation and promise of help, he was granted 700 acres (283 ha) in the parish of Methven, which he called Kewstoke after a village in Somerset. Later he added to this with various grants and purchases. By 1829 he had established at White Hills one of the largest hop gardens in the island. In 1839 he bought Lovely Banks, Spring Hill, and went to live there. In that year and in 1840 he topped the London market with his highest grade merino lambs' wool. In 1843 he was made a justice of the peace, and about this time acquired the well-known property of Sandhill near Jericho.
On 23 October 1844 at Bothwell he married Rose, third daughter of Thomas Axford of Bothwell; they had no children.
In December 1845 he was appointed by Lieutenant-Governor Sir John Eardley-Wilmot to replace one of the Patriotic Six who resigned from the Legislative Council after a clash with the governor over the appropriation bill. The governor had difficulty in filling their places and his nominees were treated badly by the press. One paper announced the list of new members within a mourning border.
After the original six were reinstated Bisdee lost his seat, but in April 1851 he was nominated to the vacancy caused by John Kerr's death. In 1856 he won the Jordan seat in the first all-elected Legislative Council, and held it for two years. Though three times a council member in the turbulent years of struggle between council and governor, Bisdee did not play a prominent part in politics. Only demands for the cessation of transportation disturbed him; in February 1854, as owner and occupier of 44,123 acres (17,856 ha), he joined other leading landholders in petitioning Downing Street to continue transportation 'for the present' because the rural districts needed labour.
Soon after retiring from the Legislative Council he returned to England where he became the owner of Hutton Court, and lived there as squire. He left his brother Isaac in charge of Lovely Banks and his youngest brother, Alfred Henry, bought Sandhill.
On Bisdee's death on 2 April 1870 he left Hutton Court to his brother Alfred Henry, and Lovely Banks to Isaac's son, Edward Oldmixon Bisdee. Like the rest of his family he was a member of the Church of England, and was a conscientious and upright citizen.
Busts of him and his wife are in the possession of a great-niece, Mrs H. L. Blackmore, of Weston-super-Mare, England.
Edward (baptised 1802) owned 'Lovely Banks' at Melton Mowbay and 'Sandhill', Jericho. When he returned to England his younger brother inherited 'Sandhill'.
Flour mill, 'Thorpe' Estate, Bothwell, Tasmania
- Axford ran the mill until 1865 when he was killed by the bushranger, Rocky Whelan.
- In 1899 the 800 acre property known as Thorpe (the name came from Thorpe Farm in Berkshire) was purchased by Frederick McDowall who continued to operate it until 1916. It ground wheat until 1907 and then cut chaff until 1916.
- It was restored in the mid 1970s by the Bignell family. Today John Bignell runs Thorpe Farm Cheese at 189 Dennistoun Road, Bothwell and uses the mill to grind grain for specialist bakers. There is an interesting account of the restoration of the mill in the Australian Journal of Historical Archaeology.
- Thorpe Watermill is the only known Australian example of a traditional water-driven flour mill, that can be operated in the original manner.
- This uniqueness results from restoration work that was undertaken during the 1970s by the Bignell family, who own the mill. The work was carried out particularly by John and Peter Bignell, with very few resources.
- It is doubtful that it was the present building which has been extensively restored, to the point that it is now one of the few working water powered mills in Australia able to demonstrate an activity no longer practised.
JOHN BRENT, Glenorchy. and Ed. BISDEE, Lovely Bunks. May 25
Not long after, the remains of Thomas were found.
For these crimes Rocky spent a total of eighteen years on Norfolk Island after which, in 1854 the penal colony closed and all the convicts were relocated to Port Arthur. He was sent to Hobart and was assigned to the public works gang. He only lasted two days before he absconded again, this time into the rugged bush land of Mount Wellington which stands over Hobart.
He roamed the countryside with Peter Connolly with whom he was incarcerated with on Norfolk Island, and the two took to highway robbery. Like all bushrangers in Tasmania, they targeted the many isolated homesteads for plunder; but they also roamed the forests ambushing lone travelers, robbing them. An argument one night in Hobart caused the two men to separate, only to come together again on the gallows months later.
Whelan was captured on 19 May 1855 in Hobart outside a bootmaker shop. He had gone to the shop with a pair of boots he took off Magistrate Dunn. The boots had 'Dunn' branded on them and were left by the front door. A passing constable saw the boots that belonged to the missing Dunn and with the help of a civilian managed to arrest the outlaw. Whelan did try to use his weapon but it failed to fire. The decomposed body of Magistrate Dunn was found three days later on the slopes of Mount Wellington.
Whelan also confessed to murdering a man near Brown's River, thought to be a Mr Grace, as well as the murder of an elderly man who was thought to be a Mr Axford. The identities of the other two murdered men remained unknown.
Whelan was hanged at the Hobart gaol with three other condemned men (including Conolly) on the infamous six-man scaffold.
He ranks alongside Alexander Pearce and Thomas Jeffries as one of the most infamous criminals in Australia's colonial history.
Reaching France in June 1916, the battalion attacked towards Mouquet Farm, near Pozières, on 9 August. Axford was evacuated with shell-shock on the 11th, but he quickly rejoined his unit. A year later, on 10 August 1917, he suffered a shrapnel wound to his left knee at Gapaard Farm, Belgium. After treatment in hospital in England, he returned to his unit in January 1918 and next month was promoted to lance corporal. In March-April the 16th Battalion, as part of the 4th Brigade, stopped the German offensive at Hébuterne, France. Axford was awarded the Military Medal in May.
His most conspicuous hour came on 4 July 1918 at the battle of Hamel. The Allied barrage opened at 3.10 a.m. and when it lifted shortly afterwards the 16th Battalion attacked Vaire Wood. Axford’s platoon reached the enemy defences but a neighbouring platoon was held up at the wire. Machine-guns inflicted many casualties among Axford’s mates in the other platoon. He dashed to the flank, bombed the machine-gun crews, jumped into the trench and charged with his bayonet. In all, he killed ten enemy soldiers and captured six. Throwing the machine-guns over the parapet, he called the delayed platoon forward and then rejoined his own. In ninety-three minutes the victory of Hamel was complete. Axford’s initiative and gallantry won him the Victoria Cross. `I must have been mad’, he commented later. On 14 July he was promoted to corporal.
In December 1918 Axford came home to Australia on furlough. Discharged from the army on 6 February 1919, he recommenced work as a labourer. At St Mary’s Cathedral, Perth, on 27 November 1926 he married Lily Maud Foster, a shop assistant. They lived at Mount Hawthorn and had five children.
Axford was employed by Hugh McKay (Massey Harris) Pty Ltd and became a clerk. On 25 June 1941 he was mobilised in the Militia and posted to the District Records Office, Perth. Rising to sergeant in February 1943, he was discharged on 14 April 1947. In his leisure time `Jack’ regularly attended the races.
Axford attended the VC centenary celebrations in London in 1956. He was returning from a reunion of the Victoria Cross and George Cross Association when he died on 11 October 1983 on an aircraft between Dubai and Hong Kong. His wife had died three months earlier. Survived by their two sons and three daughters, he was cremated with full military honours.
In 1985 his VC and other medals were presented to the Australian War Memorial, Canberra.
Like many of his brother officers, Kemp was as much occupied with trade as with his military duties. In November 1799 he was granted a lease of what is now the north-west corner of King and George Streets, where he built a shop. As paymaster of his company and later treasurer of the Committee of Paymastership of the corps, Kemp was strategically placed to dispose of his wares at high prices. Against his bullying and threats the soldiers had no redress, though it must be remembered that 'truck' was then common and, since there was no currency in the colony, payment in kind was inevitable; however, Joseph Holt, perhaps with some exaggeration, reckoned Kemp's profits at 100 per cent.
In September 1802 Kemp was received into the grade of Ancient Masonry at the first lodge known to have assembled in Australia. Two of the three members were officers of Le Naturaliste, one of the three ships of Captain Nicolas Baudin's expedition. This was not, however, the most important of Kemp's involvements with the French.
When the Atlas arrived with a cargo of brandy Governor Philip Gidley King refused to let the cargo land, but allowed Baudin to buy 800 gallons (3637 litres) to stock his ships. Kemp led an outcry against the governor's action and, on doubtful evidence, accused the French of bringing brandy ashore and selling it at 25s. a gallon. King questioned two of the French officers and was convinced of their innocence. Some of them spoke of challenging Kemp, but Baudin restrained them; under pressure from his fellow officers, Kemp tendered Baudin a written apology but the incident reveals his extremism.
Soon afterwards Kemp was involved in the notorious pamphlet war which so plagued King. In January 1803 a paper containing a scurrilous attack on King was found in the yard of Kemp's barracks. King ordered the arrest of Kemp and two junior officers, Nicholas Bayly and Thomas Hobby. The subsequent court martial of Kemp had barely begun when Major George Johnston, who was temporarily in command of the corps, ordered the arrest of Surgeon John Harris, the officer acting as judge-advocate, on the ground that Harris had disclosed the votes of members of the court at the earlier trial of Hobby. At first King refused to replace Harris and ordered the court martial to dissolve, but Johnston replied that the officers would continue to sit until they had delivered a verdict. The governor then yielded and appointed Richard Atkins to act as judge-advocate in the case. Kemp was acquitted.
In 1804 King appointed Kemp second-in-command to Colonel William Paterson of the proposed new settlement at Port Dalrymple. From August 1806 to April 1807, while Paterson was absent in Sydney, Kemp administered the settlement in his stead. During this period provisions ran low and for a time, early in 1807, hunting and fishing were the only sources of food. Disaffection grew and an insurrection was averted only by arresting the leaders of the dissidents.
In August 1807 Kemp returned to Sydney. He was the senior officer in the Criminal Court which assembled on 25 January 1808 to try John Macarthur for sedition. He and the five other officers of the court supported Macarthur when he declared that Judge-Advocate Atkins was unfit to appear in the case. Next morning, when the officers asked Governor William Bligh to restore Macarthur to bail and requested Atkins's replacement, Kemp appeared to be one of the most extreme of the governor's opponents. When Johnston decided to depose Bligh, Kemp and three other officers were sent ahead to summon him to resign his authority and to assure him of his personal safety.
On 28 May Johnston, acting as governor, appointed Kemp, who had certainly been one of the leaders in the attack on Bligh, as acting deputy judge advocate. In that capacity he was a member of the illegal Criminal Court which tried the provost-marshal, William Gore, for perjury, although four of its members, including Kemp, were among the defendant's accusers. In December Kemp was posted commandant at Parramatta, and thereupon relinquished his position as acting judge-advocate. In 1810 he returned to England when the corps was sent home. He was one of Johnston's witnesses at his court martial in 1811; more fortunate than his superior in not being tried himself, he was able to sell his commission, but his magistrate's warrant and most of his land grants were cancelled. He became a partner in a commercial and shipping agency, though apparently this did not prosper, for he moved into and out of bankruptcy before receiving permission in 1815 to settle in Van Diemen's Land.
Kemp arrived there in January 1816. A year later Lieutenant-Governor Thomas Davey granted him 700 acres (283 ha) at Green Ponds, the first grant to be made in the district. By 1829 Kemp had two adjoining grants, making a total of 2000 acres (809 ha). Soon afterwards, in consideration of his improvements, a further 1000 acres (405 ha) were leased to him, and he bought another 1100 acres (445 ha). In the 1830s he bought more, as well as renting large areas in the Lakes district. At Green Ponds Kemp bred first-class sheep and helped to pioneer the Tasmanian wool industry. He also bred horses and raised cattle and, about 1831, introduced a hardy, drought-resistant variety of dwarf American corn (Cobbett's) which was suitable for swine, poultry and horses.
However, Kemp was better known as a merchant than as a grazier. He was a foundation director and later president of the Van Diemen's Land Bank. Soon after his arrival in Hobart Town he had established the firm of Kemp & Gatehouse, which was changed to Kemp & Co. about 1823 when Richard Barker was taken into partnership. After this was dissolved in 1829, Kemp continued the shipping, mercantile and importing business from a central Macquarie Street store. In 1839 he sold this property and limited his activities to his premises in Collins and Argyle Streets. In 1844, during the general depression, he sold his last city block, and a fellow merchant, Richard Lewis, bought his residence and store.
In April 1816 Governor Lachlan Macquarie appointed Kemp a justice of the peace, but in 1817-19 he was involved in a series of quarrels, first with Lieutenant-Governor Davey and then with his successor, William Sorell. In June 1818 Macquarie confirmed Kemp's suspension from the magistracy. In 1820 Kemp, critical as always, testified at length to Commissioner John Thomas Bigge about Sorell's immorality, discriminatory administration and the excessive consumption of spirits, but by the time Sorell was recalled one of Kemp's daughters had married one of Sorell's sons and Kemp had swung round to a profound appreciation of the lieutenant-governor's virtues. In January 1824 Kemp was chairman of a 'Committee appointed at a Public Meeting of the Landholders, Merchants and Free Inhabitants of Van Diemen's Land' to draft a petition to the King that Sorell's tenure of office be extended; but this was unavailing.
From 1824 to 1836 Kemp found the authority of Lieutenant-Governor (Sir) George Arthur as irksome as that of his predecessors. Kemp expressed republican sympathies, and opposed many official measures; through the press, public meetings, petitions and correspondence, he advocated the independence of Van Diemen's Land from New South Wales (granted in 1826), the establishment of an elected Legislative Council, the abolition of press censorship, and the adoption of the English jury system.
In 1837 Arthur's successor, Sir John Franklin, who was more sympathetic to the development of free institutions, appointed Kemp to the board to inquire into applications for secondary grants, and in October Franklin reappointed him a justice of the peace.
Kemp died at Sandy Bay on 28 October 1868, in his ninety-fifth year and was buried in St George's Church of England cemetery. His wife had predeceased him in October 1865, aged 79.
Of his family, George Anthony became the first warden of the Green Ponds municipality and Edward followed the example of the 'pipes' of King's time by writing a bitter attack on Lieutenant-Governor Sir John Eardley-Wilmot in satirical verse in A Voice from Tasmania (1846).
Of Kemp's nine daughters known to have married, Elizabeth Julia became the wife of William Sorell, registrar of the Supreme Court of Tasmania; Sophia, the wife of William Seccombe, medical practitioner; and Fanny Edith, the wife of Captain Algernon Burdett Jones, visiting magistrate and superintendent of the Queen's Orphan Schools.
Kemp may be remembered mainly for his notorious early exploits in New South Wales, but he also played a notable pioneering role in Van Diemen's Land, both as merchant and grazier, where his 'inherent aversion of despotism' was harnessed to some worthwhile causes.
George Kemp his son, married Ann Midwood. The family had only just arrived in Hobart from London, and he had purchased a business. He died within three months
Mr. Midwood was the youngest son of the late Thomas Haigh Midwood, Esq, one of Tasmania's earliest British merchants, and was born two years after the arrival of his family in Hobart, in August, 1823. He was one of four brothers. Thomas Wroot, the eldest, entered the Imperial service, as a junior clerk, and afterwards saw active service in the Crimes and China, and here lie was promoted to the rank of Deputy-Commissary-General for his distinguished services.
At Bermuda he was stricken with fever, retired on a pension of £500 a year, and died at Guernsey in 1867, in his 51st year. Claude Wade was the second brother; he served articles with the late Thomas Wood Rowlands Esq, practised for some years as a solicitor in this city, and died in 1866 at the early ago of 48. Vernon was the third and only surviving brother. He entered the public service in 1835, and is now chief clerk in the registry office of the Supreme Court.
Two of Mr. Edwin Midwood's sisters survive him-Mrs. Kemp (wife of the Acting Police Magistrate), and Mrs. Sutherland (wife of Commissary-General Sutherland) who, with their families, reside in England. The deceased entered the public service in 1842, and until 1867 discharged the duties of pass clerk, when, on the promotion of Mr. John O'Boyle (now Administrator of Charitable Grants), he succeeded him as Police Information Clerk, the duties of which office he had diligently and faith fully discharged until a short time back exhausted nature, resulting from a severe attack of pleurisy, compelled him to seek and obtain two months leave of absence in the hope that rest would restore his failing health.
He had the best medical attendance, and during the latter part of his illness Dr. O. H. Butler was unremitting in his attentions and persevering in his endeavours, but in vain, to effect a cure. The lamp of life flickered only for a while, and on Wednesday afternoon the cheerful good natured well-known Edwin Midwood closed his eyes in death. Notwithstanding the deceased's fidelity and length of service both for the Imperial Government and the colony, his labours were never adequately requited.
In the discharge of his official duties the deceased gave every satisfaction to his superiors, and till death commanded their respect and enjoyed their friendship. To all who had business to do with him Mr. Midwood was civil and obliging, and had the respect of both rich and poor. In private life he was universally beloved. His generous nature and his genial spirit surrounded him with a host of friends, who mourn his death.
He was married in the year 1849 to Susan, third daughter of the late Dr. Ross, the able founder and editor of the Hobart Courier, which is now incorporated with the Mercury, over half a century back.
He leaves his widow and two daughters, one of whom is married to Mr. T. W. Jenkins, of Bream Creek, and the other resident in Queensland (widow of the late Mr. Hammett), and only son, Mr. Thomas Midwood (the well-known clever comic artist), to lament the loss of an affectionate husband and an indulgent father.
Thomas Lyons (1861-1938), businessman, was born on 3 January 1861 at Hobart Town, son of William Henry Lyons, master mariner, and his wife Charlotte, née Priest. He was educated at The Hutchins School. In 1882 he was appointed accountant to the Hobart Gas Co. and next year joined the Bank of Van Diemen's Land, becoming inspector of branches before the bank was forced to close in 1891.
Lyons suggested that much freehold property to which the bank held title be disposed of by lottery. The necessary legislation was passed in September 1893 and George Adams, who had conducted sweeps in New South Wales and Queensland, agreed to organize the lotteries. In January 1894 Lyons accepted a position with Adams and played an important part behind the scenes in persuading members of parliament, despite intense public opposition, to support further legislation in 1896 that allowed the establishment of Tattersall's in Tasmania. He remained 'a confidant, advisor and close friend' of Adams, taking an active part in the management of the business. Lyons purchased a seat on the Hobart Stock Exchange in February 1896 and for a short period carried on a commission agency with Peter Facy. In 1900 he became a committee-member of the stock exchange.
Mining interested Lyons greatly and he worked leases for tin, nickel, gold and other minerals, particularly in the north-east and on the west coast. When Adams died in 1904 he left Lyons a share of the annual net proceeds of Tattersall's sweeps. In 1907 Lyons left the firm and entered into partnership with H. W. Bayley, whose old-established stockbroking company had several overseas agencies, as Bayley & Lyons. He became a director of many enterprises including the Derwent & Tasman Assurance Co. Ltd and Perpetual Trustees & National Executors of Tasmania Ltd and a trustee and general manager of Tattersall's in 1927-38.
Another important facet of Lyons's life was his involvement with horse-racing, both as breeder and owner. His horses won many classic races including six Hobart Cups. His interest began with the purchase of Oakdene in 1912 from whom he bred many notable winners including Talisman and Prince Viol. A committee-member of the Tasmanian Racing Club since 1900, he was chairman or deputy chairman in 1915-38 and a life member. An annual handicap race and a grandstand bear his name.
Lyons was a tall man, dignified and dapper. He was patriarchal with his family but popular in public, credited with being as shrewd a judge of men as of horses and with a deserved reputation for generosity. From 1908 until his death he was president of the Athenaeum Club and from 1920 either patron or president of the Sandy Bay Regatta Association; he was also foundation president of the Autocar (later, Royal Automobile) Club of Tasmania.
He worshipped in turn at Presbyterian, Anglican and Congregational churches, abandoning St Stephen's Church of England following an attack from the pulpit on lotteries. He had married Maud Beatrice Stanfield (d.1890) on 13 March 1889 at Rokeby, then on 28 June 1899, in Hobart, Elizabeth Turnbull Robertson Riordan.
Lyons died on 6 July 1938 at St Vincent's Hospital, Sydney; as an expression of regret there was no morning call on the Hobart Stock Exchange. He was cremated in Hobart. His wife and their five children, to whom he largely left his estate sworn for probate at £77,639, survived him.
The death occurred at 42 High Street, Launceston, yesterday, in his 92nd year, of Mr. William Henry Davies Archer, formerly well-known throughout the state as a successful pastoralist and public man, particularly in the Longford district.
The late Mr. Archer was born at "Brickendon," Longford, in November, 1836, and resided there for many years. He was the second surviving son of the late Mr. William Archer, who originally occupied "Brickendon," which is now in the hands of a son (Mr. William Fulbert Archer). He received his education at the Longford Grammar School, Hawkes' School (Franklin Village, near Launceston), and Bonchurch College (Isle of Wight), of which Rev. Joseph Edwards, formerly of King's College, London, was master.
In 1856 he went to Trinity College, Cambridge, graduated a BA. in 1859, LL.B in 1860, and proceeded to the degree of LL.M. in 1863. In the meantime he had entered at the Middle Temple, London, and had been reading for the English Bar with Mr. James Simson, Lincoln's Inn, and attending law lectures until 1862, when the necessary certificates for being called to the Bar were filed at the Middle Temple, London.
He was elected a Fellow of the Royal Geographical Society, London, in 1860 and was a member of the New University Club, St. James, London. He was appointed a territorial magistrate for Tasmania in 1869, and coroner in 1883. He was a member of the House of Assembly for Norfolk Plains from May 1882, until May, 1887, during which time, and after the retirement of Dr. Butler, he was invited to be Speaker, and also offered the important posts of Treasurer and Chief Secretary in two Administrations, but declined them.
He was appointed a member of the Royal Commission on Education, on whose report the system of education was based. He was also a member of the Royal Commission on Prison Discipline, and commissioner for Tasmania at the Paris Exhibition of 1878. In 1872 he was elected a councillor of the Longford municipality, and served as such for 22 years. He was elected Warden of Longford in 1881, and was continuously in that position for 17 years, until his retirement from the council in 1898. He was chairman of the Court of General Sessions for many years, treasurer of the Longford municipality, chairman and treasurer of the Longford Road Trust, a committeeman of the Longford Show Society, chairman of the Board of Health, Board of Advice, Fruit Board, and Rabbit Board. As a pastoralist he was renowned as a breeder of high-class Merino sheep. For many years Mr. Archer was a director of the Tasmanian Permanent Executors and Trustees Association, Limited, Launceston.
Possessing a most retentive memory, Mr. Archer could relate many interesting incidents connected with the earlier history of Tasmania, and particularly that of the Longford and Cressy districts. He was a man of wide reading, and up to the time of his recent illness had continued to be keenly interested in everyday affairs. Since his retirement Mr. Archer has resided in Launceston.
Two brothers of the late Mr. Archer—Robert Joseph and Alfred—died before him. A third brother, the Rev. George Archer, is now living in England. Deceased married a daughter of the late Mr. Alexander Clarke, "Mountford." Longford. Mrs. Archer died some years ago.
The family surviving are Mr. W. F. Archer, previously referred to, and two daughters, Mrs. (Dr.) A. T. Hoskins, Longford, and Mrs. Norman G. Gatenby, "Cressy House," Longford. The funeral will leave "Brickendon." Longford, tomorrow afternoon for Christ Church, Longford.
A rich tapestry of early Tasmanian history is encapsulated at Brickendon. Immerse yourself in the incredible story of the Archer family, Assigned convicts, Free workers and the beginnings of Australia's pastoral and agricultural industry.
Brickendon is one of Tasmania's oldest farming properties, settled in 1824 by William Archer, the farm has been continuously operated and lived on by his direct descendents, now in their 7th generation.
In July 2010, Brickendon Estate along with its neighbouring property, Woolmers Estate were listed jointly as a World Heritage Site being part of the Australian Convict Sites World Heritage Property. 
George Harry Gibson was born on 6 October 1861 in Longford, Tasmania. He was the son of George Gibson (who had been Warden of Longford and Member of the House of Assembly for the District) and Agnes Beveridge. (Please note: Although his real name was George Harry Gibson, at times the local newspapers referred to him as George Henry Gibson.)
After matriculating he spent about 12 months as a student in the Hobart General Hospital before travelling to Scotland to attend the Edinburgh University in 1883. According to long-time friend, Dr R.G. Scott, Gibson was a very popular student, taking part in all the affairs of student life, and was a member of the Australian Club in Edinburgh.
Dr Gibson gained his qualifications (MB, CM Edinburgh) in 1887. The Tasmanian community was very proud of their graduate, reporting that after graduation he acted as locum for a medical man at Launceskirk, Scotland for a few months, 'and on leaving was presented with an address signed by about 150 of the leading residents, in which they expressed appreciation for the skilful attention shown by him, and regret at his leaving the district'. Dr Gibson then took on an appointment at the London Homœopathic Hospital, 'preparatory to coming out and assisting Dr Benjafield in his practice'.
Portrait of Dr George Harry Gibson(Displayed in St John's Hospital Hobart)
Dr Gibson was one of the founders of the Hobart Homœopathic Hospital. In the initial years of the hospital, Dr Gibson performed all surgical procedures. In the 1911 edition of the Australasian Medical Directory he was recorded as being Honorary Medical Officer at the Hobart Homœopathic Hospital.
Dr Gibson was active in the community. According to his obituary, for two years (1901 - 1902) he was president of the local Y.M.C.A., a member and elder of St John's Presbyterian Church for many years, a member of the Fisheries' Commission, and president of the Returned Sailors' and Soldiers' Fathers' Association. He gave lectures to the general public on topics such as 'Germs as they affect the body' and 'The body and exercise'. He also provided a series of lectures on first-aid, aimed at women, under the auspices of the St John's Ambulance Association. He was a keen sportsman, being an excellent rifle shot and very interested in angling.
in St John's Hospital Hobart
(Previously the Hobart Homœopathic Hospital)
Dr Gibson was described by others as being unassuming in his demeanour, methodical, punctual, efficient, and dignified in his performances as a medical man. 'Every class and creed respected and revered him, and it may be said in very truth that he had not a single enemy.'
He continued to provide his services to the Homœopathic Hospital until his death in 1924. He died at his residence, Colville Street, Battery Point on 11 October, 1924 and was buried at Cornelian Bay Cemetery, Hobart.