Tuesday, July 31, 2018

AA Some Jillett/Bradshaw Family Milestones 220 Years

A Notable Event

Celebrating a Bi-Centenary is rather special.  In 1988, Australians celebrated a special occasion, and for many of us at that stage in our life, we had no inkling of, nor particular interest in our Ancestors.
Perhaps nothing has changed, however the older one becomes, the higher the interest in learning about all those great grandparents whose blood flows through our veins.

There must be something rather special about a year ending with "8" in the Historical Accounts of Robert and Elizabeth Jillett.

Their adventure to the Land Down Under began on a ship.  It was the Convict ship "Hillsborough", which sailed from Portsmouth in December 1798.           220 Years Ago.

They boarded the ship separately.  Elizabeth was married to Thomas Bradshaw, a Highway man sentenced to life in the Colony, and his wife Elizabeth and their daughter were granted permission to travel with them.

Robert Jillett boarded in chains, transferred from the Hulk, where he had been residing after being recognised for escaping from the constables, some years prior.  Sentenced to hang, he was reprieved and sent to the Colony.

300 people boarded the ship, 205 stepped off in Botany Bay.  95 were buried in the Ocean along the way.

Governor Hunter reported

The Hillsborough transport, being just arriv'd in this port with a cargo of the most miserable and wretched convicts I have ever beheld, I am constrain'd to recur to my many official letters on the subject of slop cloathing and blankets. Were you, my dear sir, in the situation in which I stand, I am convinc'd all the feelings of humanity, every sensation which can occasion a pang for the distresses of a fellow creature, would be seen to operate in you with full force. Figure to yourself a ship having out of three hundred people embarked in England, and having stopped for their refreshment several weeks at the Cape Good Hope, yet having upon her voyage buried of the above number ninety five and four since landing; those who still survive are in the most sickly and wretched state, put on board the ship in England with the cloaths only in which they stood, consequently arrived here naked, where cloathing is not to be found. Nor is it possible, my dear sir, when you look back to our last general supply which was by the Sylph near three years ago and very moderate in point of quantity that you can wonder we should at this time be without.

Life in Sydney changed in 1800, when Mrs Bradshaw began a relationship with Mr Jillett, which caused Mr Bradshaw some grief!

However, after only 4 years in Sydney, where Elizabeth was prospering nicely, Robert decided to change the situation by being arrested for theft once again, and sentenced to be hung.  Another reprieve followed.   In 1803 they were sent to Norfolk Island.

On a ship they went, this time to Norfolk Island.  Once again Elizabeth had lands, and seemed to prosper.  Then an announcement that caused great concern, when it was stated that they were to be relocated to Van Diemen's land.
They travelled on the "Lady Nelson", and arrived in Hobart in 1808.         210 Years ago.
In place of her lands relinquished on Norfolk Island, Elizabeth was granted new land in Van Diemen's Land.  She may have been the holder of land in both Hobart and in New Norfolk.
Between 27 November, 1807 and 2 October, 1808 some 500 people from Norfolk Island (23 were convicts) were settled at what is now New Norfolk. It was known as The Hills at the time.

On 30 April, 1808 the settlement became known as New Norfolk.           210 Years ago
Unfortunately there are no records indicating at when the family took up lands in New Norfolk.
In 1812, she and Robert married in St Davids Church, in Hobart.  In 1815, they were living at New Norfolk, as Rev Knopwood reported that a bushranger had held their house up, and "Stayed all night".
Robert was pardoned in 1814. From that date, as a pardoned convict, he could then apply for land grants, which he did, and his first grant was at Risdon Cove in 1816  However, he did not take that lease.

In 1816, they were living at New Norfolk, and was mentioned in dealings with John Massey, who was Thomas Shone's uncle.

In 1817 Robert was contracting to the Government to supply meat.  At the grand price of 6d per lb. For the week ending 28th March 1817, his quota was 1500lb.  To supply such a large quantity, he must have had a considerable amount of land to graze the sheep.

By 1818, he had a lease in the area for a run between Macquarie Springs and Meehan's Valley, York Plains.  That lease was renewed 29th September 1819 for a further 12 months.

His lease in the York Plains area from September 1818              200 Years ago

Significant Historical Milestones
Leaving England 220 years ago
Left Sydney for Norfolk Island  215 Years ago

Leaving Norfolk Island  210 years ago
Arrival at Hobart 210 years ago
Settler at New Norfolk  210 years ago
Settler at York Plains 200 years ago

Leaving Norfolk Island

Elizabeth and her family were on the Lady Nelson and left for Tasmania in 1808.

The Norfolk Island Evacuation List of 1808/1808 shows:

Elizabeth Bradshaw  

 Norfolk Settler,  3rd Class, 5 children
   15 1/2 acres cleared, 68 1/2 acres not cleared
   House (Maten boaded) & Flaxed  17 x 11  Outhouse thatch & logs   Value  £8

3rd Embarkation for VDL Lady Nelson  14th February 1808

         2 Male and 28 female sheep
        17 Male, 2 female sheep, 1.2 grown   Value  £59
        11 acres maize

Elizabeth was a remarkable woman.  The trip on the Lady Nelson, with her 5 children and the farm animals must have seemed like a bit of a breeze from her first voyage to Australia aboard the "Hillsborough".

Just consider for a moment how difficult it must have been just to board the ship at Norfolk Island.  Trying to manage 5 young children would not have been not easy.   There was no jetty, no wharf, nothing except the row boats. Her eldest daughter was around 10 years of age.

Many ships had perished just a few metres from the coastline.  The most famous among them the ss "Sirius", in 1790, before Elizabeth's time on the island, but which she would have been familiar.  The Sirius went down in 1790, with the island losing all its supplies.

Elizabeth Bradshaw was allocated land in Van Diemen’s Land, in compensation for property abandoned on Norfolk Island.  Her land provided the basis for the family’s livelihood, the couple becoming farmer and stock-keepers, deriving their cash income from selling meat and produce by tender to government stores.  

Elizabeth Bradshaw was one determined lady.  Firstly she encountered all the hardships by following her husband on a death ship half way around the world to Botany Bay accompanied by her 2 year old daughter.

With her husband  half dead from the voyage, and she a "free settler", Elizabeth might very well have been a lady worth pursuing.

Perhaps that is what Robert Jillett thought!                        

He became her  partner, fathering in January 1800, the first of two sons. nine months later William was born, followed by James, and he worked in her businesses from 1800 until 1803, where once again he committed an offence serious enough to see him hang!

Instead of letting him go to Norfolk Island and face the consequences, she decided to sell everything and follow him.  That surely speaks of her nature!  Was it love? or was it her devotion to her young children?

One wonders what may have been if she had stayed on her large allotment in Sydney.
So once again her strength overshadowed adversity and she prospered on her different allotments on Norfolk Island.

One thing to remember is that there was no official currency at the time.  Trade was done from the commandant's store in barter, or more often in rum.  Currency was not introduced until 1817.

The landing might not be what she expected.  After 5 years of living in a fairly warm climate, except for the chilling south eastern winds, she steps out into the cold clime of Van Diemen's Land.  Tents became the home.

As a free settler Elizabeth was granted land in Hobart Town in lieu of the lands that she had left behind on Norfolk Island, she appears also to have taken land at New Norfolk.

Hobart 1817

By late 1808 they had begun to build on land on the corner of Collins and Campbell Street, Hobart This would  probably have been a grant to Elizabeth in place of her Norfolk Island land.  It was later described in correspondence as her land

Opposite them on the Hobart Rivulet in Collins Street (near where the Royal Hobart Hospital stands) a Mrs. Catherine Kearney  (previous contributors alluded that she was a free woman, but that is incorrect) was granted land.  She also came from Norfolk Island with her two sons, William and Thomas.  

The Bradshaw/Jilletts would probably have known her on Norfolk Island.  Her grant was discovered with ti-tree and convicts cleared it.  She became known as the Dairy-woman of the Settlement and supplied the Government and the officers with milk from her herd.

Not far from the Bradshaw/Jillett residence, at the end of Hunter Street was Hunter Island, it has since been filled in and joined up near the I.X.L. Jones Jam Factory.  This Island was the place where all the criminals were hung.

The house was in Wapping at that stage.  Wapping was bounded by Campbell, Park, Liverpool and Macquarie Streets. Park Street may have been the street in which St. Davids Burial ground was.

In 1811, when G.W. Evans, the Government surveyor was given the task of drawing up streets etc, it was found that the Bradshaw land was to be bi-sected by Collins and Campbell streets and it was found that one of the angles of the house projected onto Collins Street. There was quite a lot of communication regarding this land and house, and eventually in 1827 the Government decided to give 500 acres at Green Ponds (now Kempton) in compensation for the house and land.  Unfortunately that  Grant has not been found as yet.

On April 4, 1812, Robert Jillett and Elizabeth Bradshaw were married by the Reverend Robert Knopwood at St. David's Cathedral.  From their marriage certificate, it appears both could write, although often Robert was known as Gillett, or Jillet or in this case someone has changed the name to Jellit.

Robert and Elizabeth were to have a further five children in Van Diemen’s Land, the last four being born after their marriage in 1812.

On 31st January, 1814 a CONDITIONAL PARDON No 323 was sent by the ship ACTIVE and arrived in the River Derwent on 22nd March 1814. It had been sent to B.L.Desrory.

November 1814, Comment from some Official Quarters, "There are no titles on record, whereby a right can be claimed, as individual property by Mr. Jillett", re the house in Collins Street.

With her marriage to Robert assured, the life of Elizabeth seemed to take a backward step.

Here she was a battler, a business person in her own right, a free settler, and by marriage he was able to lay claim to all her property.  Wonder who was the smart one in that relationship?

In October 1815, Mr Robert Knopwood noted in his diary  -    "JILLETTS HOUSE AT NEW NORFOLK ROBBED BY BUSHRANGERS WHO STAYED ALL NIGHT

The first person to build a house at New Norfolk was Denis McCarty, an Irish rebel who had been transported to New South Wales. By 1808 McCarty had become a police constable and been appointed to administer justice in New Norfolk.

What an amazing life their "acquaintance"  Mr McCarthy, led.

He made a claim this year for stores supplied to the Hobart Commissariat Department, 1816.

On August 3rd 1816, there was a notice in the Hobart Town Gazette warning people not to take up notes drawn on Robert Jillett of New Norfolk.  (It was quite legal, he had made them out to John Massey, a settler at New Norfolk and they had been lost)  There were 4 notes - three for £50 pounds each and one for £28/6s a total of £178.6s.  (A lot of money in 1816!)

Robert then put in an account to the Commissariat Department for payment of supplies given to parties out in search of the bushrangers at New Norfolk.

In 1817 he tendered to supply 1500lb of meat to the Government Stores by 28th February 1817.

A notice in the Hobart Town Gazette, 6th Dec, 1817 and 13th December, 1817  Re:  Friendly Farms, Prince of Wales Bay, Newtown, formerly Robert Jillett's Martha Hayes, William Littlefield and Martin Hunt's farm  -  any cattle and sheep found on them will be impounded!    Signed Thomas Wells and Adam Brodribb.

In 1818 and probably earlier, Robert Jillett had a grazing licence to September 29th 1819, for a run between Macquarie Springs and Meehan's Valley,York Plains.  That licence was renewed again in 1819

Tasmanian Land Grants records of 1819 - 1821 indicate that Robert Jillett was granted 140 acres between New Town Rivulet

The boys each received 60 acres in Methuen at Back River.  The land was granted to them as Freemen.  This was also in 1823.

The deeds of Robert Jillett, and William and James Bradshaw are different because theirs stated "Freemen" and his "Emancipated convict".

The three grants were all signed by Thomas Brisbane, Governor of New South Wales at that time.

Hobart Town Gazette, & Southern Reporter. Robert Jillett tendered to supply meat to His Majesty's Magazine
                  18 Jan - 28 Feb, 1817 - 1500lbs
                  19 May - 8 Aug 1817 - 1000lbs and other notices in separate issues

An account with the Commissariat's Department, Hobart in respect of supplies to parties  out in search of bushrangers

HOBART TOWN GAZETTE, December 6, 1817.
 Reference to ownership of land.  "Robert Jillett, late partner with Martha Hayes, William Littlefield and Martin Hunt of FRIENDLY FARMS situate at Prince of Wales Bay and from thence to the Rivulet at New Town".  (Martha Hayes was considered by visiting Irish exile General Joseph Holt in 1806 to be "a beautiful girl: the prettiest violet I saw growing on the Derwent".  She had been mistress to Lieutenant Bowen, together they were the parents of the first (illegitimate) European child born in Tasmania, etc. etc.)

Note:  LAND GRANTS IN VAN DIEMEN'S LAND (State Archive Microfilm records, not pursued in detail.)  An old map of location of land granted in the New Town/Glenorchy district shows Robert Jillett as the grantee of Grant No. 19, 140 acres, located on the south side of Prince of Wales Bay, near the present site of the Electrolytic Zinc Company's works.  [See later for trespass notice from Hobart Town Gazette, December 20, 1823, giving location and name of     "Jillett's Point"].
       [Note:  Land was grazed by Robert Jillett at York Plains 1817-1823. 



 (As listed in:Wright, Reg.,1986.  The Forgotten Generation of Norfolk Island and Van Diemen's Land.  Library of Australian History, Sydney).  Record AONSW Ref.4/1235.2

Robt GILLET,  arr. Hillsborough, Master's name - Armstrong(sic), convicted at Middlesex, 1797, sentenced 7 yrs(sic), off stores. (Note: since this is a list of  free persons, it seems that Robert Jillett must have been granted a pardon at some time since leaving Norfolk Island.  No mention of life sentence at Sydney, 1803).

Wm BRADSHAW,  Born at Pt.J.
Jas. BRADSHAW, Born at Pt.J.                                     
Elizabeth JILLETT, listed amongst women off stores.

Robt. JILLETT,  listed as parent of six children off stores.

 (Notes:  as the two Bradshaw brothers and a Chas Horam are listed immediately after Robt. Gillet on this list, it seems that they reported to the muster station immediately after one another.  The married Bradshaw sister Mary Ann Horne cannot be reliably recognised in the list, but its seems almost certain that she was the My Ann Horam listed next but one after Elizabeth Jillett on the separate list of women.  Though they are not named individually, the 6 children of Robert Jillett would have been Susanna, Rebecca, Eliza, Robert, Charlotte and Thomas).


No. Sex    Name                         Transp.        Master   Where Tried   When      Sent       Where
54      F   Jillett, Elizabeth                -                    -              -                     -            Hobart
539    M  Jillett, Robert            Hillsborough  Hingston     London      1797      7 y         Hobart
                                                 In     Stores    Remarks         Ref.                 P:I
                                               1819    Off          -            AON 4/1235.4     432.19
                                               1819    Off          -            AON 4/1235.4     421.19
HTG     JILLETT, Robert,  Action for recovery of debt, from List of Causes, VDL Assizes, Jan 1819.

HTG     JILLETT, Robert,  grazing licence renewed for 12 months from Sep 29, 1819 for run from Macquarie Springs to Meehans Valley, York Plains.  (Similar notice in 1820, and other years - Joan Jillett).

Ann Smallman, convict,  assigned to Mrs Jillett, Hobart Town - (Tardiff)
HTG     JILLETT, Robert,  paid debt due to crown, between 5 Nov 1819 and Apr 24 1820.


       JILLETT, Robert,  Hobart Gazette, 3 March 1821,  [Hobart Town Intelligence].Criminal Court, Thurs Jan 23, 1821.

 "William Williams, alias Scrammy Williams, was capitally indicted for feloniously stealing, in the month of August 1819, at YORK PLAINS, 150 sheep, the property of Robert Jillett, a settler.
The evidence in this prosecution did not appear at all to criminate the prisoner, except that of an accomplice Thomas GRANEY, who positively swore to the prisoner and to John Scott, (the sheep stealer who drowned himself in the Derwent when under a warrant of execution) being concerned with him in committing the robbery in question.

The prisoner protested his innocence and stated that GRANEY had said that he would hang 50 innocent men so that he could get through the charges against himself.

The Judge Advocate, amongst other remarks observed that in this case, charging the prisoner capitally for stealing sheep, the property of Robert Jillett, the evidence rested almost entirely on the approver; but the court would have to determine how far he was entitled to credit; or how far he was generally borne out by other evidence.

The court retired for a few minutes and returned a judgement of NOT guilty."

HTG     Sat, August 24, 1822:  Robert Jillett, James Bradshaw, Wm. Bradshaw, were charged with assaulting  Charles Horan, and bound over to keep the peace and to be of good behaviour,          for 6 calendar months -  themselves in 10 l. (£10) each and two sureties of 10 l  (£10) each.
       [Note: Charles Horan was son-in-law/brother-in-law to this lot, the husband of Mary Ann].

Hobart Town Gazette, and Southern Reporter.  Saturday, October 12 - Peter Bodecin and Robert Jillett were convicted of selling spirits without  license so to do; the former, being his first offence, in the mitigated penalty of £10; the latter, being the third offence, in the full penalty of £20.



30JUN1823                   William Bradshaw        60 acres  Methven (York Plains)
30JUN1823                   James  Bradshaw          60 acres  Methven (York Plains)
30JUN1823                   Robert Jillett                 50 acres District of New Norfolk

McKAY, Anne (Ed), 1962.  Journals of the Land Commissioners for Van Diemen's Land 1826-28.  University of Tasmania, in conjunction with the Tasmanian Historical Research Association, Hobart. 151pp.  Index: "JILLETT, or GILLETT, Robert, (c.1769 -1832) arr. 14 Feb 1808 (sic); O.(riginal) G.(rant) York Plns.

HOBART TOWN GAZETTE, December 20, 1823:  notice cautioning all persons "against trespassing upon my farm of 120 acres (sic) of land, being my wife's claim from Norfolk Island, situate at Prince of Wales Bay, and known by the name of Jillett's Point, upon pain of prosecution to the utmost rigour of the Law.  R.JILLETT".

HOBART TOWN GAZETTE, and Southern Reporter. January 9 - Unclaimed letter at PO - Robert Jillett.

The Colonial Secretary's Papers indicate the following land matters:
1815 Jun 6
Re assignment of land in Van Diemen's Land (Fiche 3261; 4/433 pp.84-8)
On list of persons who have had their lands measured in Van Diemen's Land but have not received their grants (Reel 6048; 4/1742 p.296)
In index to land grants in Van Diemen's Land; also listed as Jellett (Fiche 3262; 4/438 pp.46, 47)
On list of persons owing quit rents in Van Diemen's Land; for land in the District of Argyle (Fiche 3270; X19 p.13)
                                    Information from Original researchers


Throughout their early days in Tasmania, land and leases has featured in the lives of both Elizabeth and Robert.


As a settler from Norfolk Island, she was entitled to lands.  Finding details to confirm those land grants, has not been obtained, despite the huge amount of initial research.


There was a theory that the original grants were incorrectly signed by Governor Brisbane, and then Robert did not renew them, however with more information available, the following stories about the situation regarding land grant issues, is pretty explanatory.

Grants issued in 1813 were still not processed in 1817.

Settlers were given land by the Governor, and that is what happened to Elizabeth in Hobart with her land at Collins Street.  It was located close to the existing Barracks, as this exerpt shows.

No doubt it was the same situation which applied to their lands in New Norfolk and York Plains.


In the Words of Governor Macquarie

In those times, Van Diemen’s Land (VDL) was administered by a lieutenant-governor, with the New South Wales governor having ultimate jurisdiction. Port Dalrymple was virtually autonomous. By the time of Lachlan Macquarie and his wife Elizabeth’s visit to VDL in November 1811, the island was administered by Captain John Murray.  Their journey from Sydney had been a rough passage and they were received with great enthusiasm.  They climbed Mt Nelson and Lachlan ordered the erection of a signal staff on its summit. He was not impressed with the street layout of Hobart Town and the erratic erection of buildings. He set about laying the town in a regular manner, centring it on St George’s Square, now Franklin Square, and the public buildings. Mrs Macquarie took an interest in the settlers, inquiring personally into their needs and concerns. From Hobart Town they journeyed to Launceston and it was Lachlan who was not in favour of the northern settlement being independent from the southern one.  Returning to Sydney he ordered the VDL colony to be under one government.
The Macquarie’s’ legacy to Tasmania is enormous.  He had the strength of character and enthusiasm to mould events. Hobart streets Macquarie, Murray, Elizabeth, Argyle, and Antill were named by Lachlan, besides designing the city.  Just outside the town, he stopped on a small hill and to his aide-de-camp, Captain Antill, he said, “This is the spot for a barracks”.
This became Anglesea Barracks. Travelling to Launceston, they named Mt Dromedary, Macquarie Springs, Antill Ponds, and the Elizabeth and Macquarie Rivers.  York Plains, Epping Forest, Breadalbane and Corra Linn were also named. The governor and Elizabeth, rising at five each morning, rode several miles before breakfast at ten. 
Surveyor Meehan was instructed to mark out the main highway between the two main towns.  Elizabeth explored with her husband, and he organised communication across the island, including the setting up of finer-posts and establishing military camps to be set up along the route. They left the Tamar for Sydney on the Lady Nelson, but it was a slow journey, taking a full week to sail the river, spending Christmas in Bass Strait.
That was his first visit to VDL, visiting the last time on the cessation of his office. Accompanied now by Lachlan junior, he named and mapped out Campbell Town, Ross, Oatlands, Brighton and Elizabeth Town (later renamed New Norfolk).

Notes from Governor Mcquarie's trip

Saturday 5 May !
I set out early this morning on my Tour of Inspection to the Settlement of Port Dalrymple attended by Mrs. Macquarie and Lachlan in the carriage, and by Lt. Govr. Sorell, Mr. Judge Advocate Wylde, Lt. Robinson, Lt. Macquarie, Doctr. Redfern, and Mr. Evans, in Gigs or on Horseback; Lt. Govr. Sorell having his son Edmund along with him; and our Baggage having been sent on two days before us. ---
We set out from Hobart Town a qr. before 8 in the morning -- and arrived at Austin's Ferry on the Derwent a qr. past 9; the distance being 9 miles. We Breakfasted at Austin's, and crossed the Ferry immediately afterward -- Our Carriage and Horses Crossing before us. ---Passing over Bagdad Plains, Constitution Hill, Green Ponds, Cross-Marsh, Serpentine Valley, and Spring Hill, we Halted on the Northside of it and on the edge of Jericho Plains, at 6 p.m. encamping there for the Night; the distance from Hobart Town being 40 miles. We found all our Baggage before us -- but our own Horses greatly fatigued & knocked up almostt. ---We did not dine till near 7 o'clock. ---Mrs. M. Lachlan and myself slept in a small Hut lately erected here, as one of the stages to Port Dalrymple. ---
Sunday 6 May !
Set out after Breakfast at, 9 o'clock, from last Night's Halting Place, and passing over Jericho Plains, the River Jordon, Woodford Plains, Westmoreland Plains, and Macquarie Springs, we arrived at Wright's Farm on York Plains where we halted for the Night -- distance from Spring Hill 15 miles.---
Monday 7. May !
It rained in the Night, and continues to do so this morning. We therefore postponed setting out till it cleared up a little, which it did at 11 a.m. ---We then pursued our Journey, our Baggage having set forward about an Hour before us. ---

Passing over Antill Ponds, Salt Pan Plains, Blackman's River, Mount Henrietta, Macquarie River, arrived in Argyle Plains, and Halted for the Night at the Government Stock-Yard, distance from Wright's 16 miles.
Tuesday 8th. May.
At 11 a.m. We pursued our Journey -- our heavy Baggage having been sent off before us at 9 o'clock. ---We travelled over Antill Plains, Maclaine Plains, leaving Mount Campbell on our left, crossed the Elizabeth River (Kempton's Station), then passed over Macquarie Plains, and Halted at the Edge of Epping Forest, where we encamped for the Night. ---Disce. 15 miles.

Leases of Land

In 1805 the English Government decided to require the inhabitants of Norfolk Island to remove, with their
goods and livestock, to this State. At first the settlers were 'coaxed by the offer of larger areas in this island
than they had at Norfolk Island; ultimately sterner measures had to be used, and, by the end of 1808, . 554 persons were landed on this island. This necessitated the issue of 356 separate. grant deeds.

New Norfolk, Sandy Bay, Sorell, and Clarence Plains in the south, and Norfolk Plains, near Longford, in the north, were the localities chosen for these settlers. These grants were at' first small, seldom exceeding
40 acres, but some of the settlers who had · prospered on Norfolk Island were given much larger areas.
The Government was most liberal to these settlers, and advanced them stock and stores for a considerable
time after their arrival

In the year 1819 the British Government sent Commissioner J. T. Bigge to Van Diemen's Land to take evidence, report upon, and make recommendations, if necessary, for the better government of New South
Wales and its dependencies. In the course of his duties he called upon Deputy-Surveyor George William Evans to explain the procedure of allotting land grants in this island-

Question: " How long have you held the situation of Deputy-Surveyor?"
Answer: " About 15 years."
Question: "What is the course observed by you when applications are made for grants in the country?"
Answer: " A person desirous of obtaining a grant of land here applies to the Governor-in-Chief through
the Lieutenant-Governor. A particular time of the year (the month of June, or as nearly as may be to it)
is set apart for this purpose by the Commander-in Chief.

On these applications the Governor-in-Chief makes a list of the names of persons to whom he orders
that the land should be granted and the quantity they are to have. Which is signed by him and transmitted
through his secretary to the Lieutenant-Governor, who either hands over the original or a copy of it, with
directions that I should proceed to mark off the quantities of land when at leisure in the situations that the persons may have chosen, provided their choice will not interfere with any government arrangement.

When the quantities are measured and marked off, I make out the descriptions and boundaries, which I
forward to the Surveyor-General at headquarters. From him they are sent to the Governor, who directs grants to be made out in pursuance of the description."

Question: " Are the grants sent down from Sydney to this place, or do they remain until application is made for them and the fees paid? "
Answer: " The grants that were sent down in 1817 ·bore date September, 1813. Since. that time about
160 grants of land have remained at Sydney, and are there now."

Question: " Are many applications made to you by .the persons who have obtained land and have not
obtained grants? "
Answer: "Almost daily."
Question: "I suppose that, when the land is measured and marked off, the people immediately repair
to it and cultivate it? "
Answer: "They do, and if I have not time always to go, they will begin to cultivate upon my promise
to measure it."
Question: " Do not instances occur of these lands so occupied being sold or transferred or taken in execution before the grants arrive? ~'
Answer: " Yes; such instances do occur, but it is at the risk of the party purchasing, for it is a well known condition in all grants that the land shall not be sold, transferred, or alienated until after the term of five years."
Question: " Does that term run, or is it supposed to run, from the period of occupation of the land or from the date of grant?"
Answer: " From the date of grant."

Question: " Do you think the defect of title, in cases where the grant is delayed, affects the value of lands
or increases the difficulty of . obtaining security upon them?"
Answer: " It does not. In such cases they usually bind themselves in a penalty of double the amount secured to make over the grant when it arrives."
Question: " Is the occupation of land permitted by the Lieutenant-Governor before the list containing the
names and quantities of land ordered is returned by the Governor-in-Chief?"
Answer : " Yes; to persons of good character, and for whom he is desirous of obtaining land ; he does not allow a larger extent of land to be occupied in this way than from 30 to 50 acres."
In the year 1820 the sum of £20,000 was received from Sydney for wheat exported to that port.

The following order by Governor-General Macquarie, dated from Sydney on 8th . May, 1819, caused consternation among prospective settlers:-

" The applications for land made to the Governor at the prescribed time in June last having been 150
numerous as to surpass very far what he expected; and consequently requiring his most serious consideration previous to his giving a final answer on the respective claims of the applicants. Furthermore, there being· much difficulty in accommodating those whose claims to such indulgences may 'be admitted owing to the present very great scarcity of disposable Crown lands, and many of those persons who were then promised grants of land not having yet had them measured, owing to the scarcity alluded to, His Excellency feels himself compelled to give this public notice that no application for either land or cattle will be received by him in the ensuing month of June in the year 1820. In consequence of this unavoidable determination on the part of His. Excellency,  the magistrates were required to withhold their signature of recommendation from all applications for land or cattle during the current year."

The question has often been asked if the early governors were imposed upon by persons who applied for
and were successful enough to obtain grants of land Well! it is said open confession is good for the soul,
and this is what· Governor Macquarie said in a despatch to Lieutenant-Governor Sorell on 13th October, 1820-

" I fear I have been imposed upon by persons who were traders and not r eal settlers, sending in fictitious
values of their property. I have determined in future to force applicants to make affidavits."
In this despatch he directed the Lieutenant-Governor to be more economical in the areas granted.

The expansion of agriculture brought in its train the necessity of roads. Lieutenant-Governor Sorell
therefore called to his aid the officers of the Royal Engineers, who were stationed on the island with him, and about the year 1817 began the construction of what is now the main road from Hobart to Launceston.

Major Thomas Bell was most active as an Engineer of Roads, and, with the cheap labour of the times, good, well-graded roads were constructed between the various groups of settlement. Gradually New Norfolk.  Richmond, and Kingston . were connected by road with Hobart Town, and in the north Launceston was similarly connected with Westbury. Major Bell was rewarded with a grant of 800 acres of land on the Jordan River in the year 1821.

An analysis of the grants and the grantees issued during 1821 can lead the student to but one conclusion, and that is, if the public servants received small salaries, they certainly received large grants of land.
Macquarie dealt out his favours with a truly regal hand, . but take it all for all, the public servant was not a successful farmer. Of course, there were a few notable exceptions, but the property of most of them quickly passed into the hands of the competent commercial men of the period who were carrying on various kinds of business ventures in Hobart Town and Launceston.

Macquarie gave place as Governor-General to Sir Thomas Brisbane on 1st December, 1821.

The first quit rents began to be due about the year 1815, and Governor Arthur calculated that, if every settler liable paid his rent, the Government would receive an annual sum of £13,000. The land owners
were very reluctant to pay this rent, and Governor Arthur decided that no quit rents should be demanded
from persons who obtained their grants prior to the year 1825

I have confined myself up to the present to settlement in the country districts of this island. It seems
necessary to say a few words about the grants of land in the Cities of Hobart and Launceston.
I feel I cannot do better than to quote evidence given before Commissioner Bigge in 1817 by Deputy Surveyor G. W. Evans.

Question: "By whom was Hobart Town laid out?"
Answer: "By Mr. Meehan and myself, in 1812, after receiving instructions from Governor Macquarie."
Question: "What is the breadth of the streets? "
Answer: " Sixty feet, · except Macquarie-street, which is 66 feet."

The Commissioner: " I observe a great many more brick and wood houses built than are described in your
map as held under leases or grants. Upon what tenure are they held, and have they been granted? "
Answer:: Upon a verbal permission only to build given by the several Lieutenant-Governors.

Numbers of them are about to apply for leases. The majority of these persons consider that the permission to build and occupy is equal to a grant or lease."

Question: " What course is it intended that the town should in future take in extending it?"
Answer: "To the north-west and to the south-west."

Question: " Is there plenty of land in the immediate neighbourhood of the town not granted available for
the location of convicts when they apply?"

Answer: " There is a sufficiency for two or three thousand blocks."

by WN Hurst - ‎1938 -

Hobart Town Gazette and Southern Reporter (Tas. : 1816 - 1821), Saturday 18 January 1817, page 2

Thursday, 16th January, 1817
AN Application having been made to His EXCELLENCY the GOVERNOR in CHIEF by Acting Assistant Commissary General BROUGHTON, of which the following is an Extract:—
"I also enclose for your Excellency's Consideration a Demand "for a Summer and Winter's suit of Slop Cloathing; and a suit of "Bedding on account of the Norfolk Island Settlers who have "Claims more or less on Government. In recommending this "Measure, I am aware there are some who are not so well entitled "to the Indulgence as others, but from the loose Manner the
"Accounts have been Kept, or more properly speaking, for the want "of the necessary Accounts to refer to, it is impossible to decide upon "the Merits of each Individual's Claim; I am therefore induced to "suggest to your Excellency to adopt this Mode as a final Settlement, "and most earnestly recommend them to your favourable
HIS EXCELLENCY having acceded to the above request, as a final liquidation of their Claims; and a Part of the above Cloathing having been sent for this Purpose, the Acting Assistant Commissary General will on Saturday the 25th of January Instant, Issue to each of the above Settlers who were in the lawful Possession of Land at Norfolk Island, and made a Surrender of the same to Government, the following Articles; viz. -
Two Blue Jackets; two pair of Trowsers; two Linen Frocks; one pair of Sheets; one Bolster Case; one Leather Cap; and ¼lb, of Thread.
The Articles required to Complete the Cloathing and Bedding for each Person being one pair of Shoes, one Blanket, and one Coverlet, the same will be Issued to them as soon as they are sent from Head
THOMAS DAVEY.  Lieutenant Governor.

Hobart Town, Wednesday, HIS EXCELLENCY the GOVERNOR, in a Dispatch recently
received by His Majesty's Brig Kangaroo, having directed that from and after the 25th of the present Month, no more than SIXPENCE per Pound shall be paid for FRESH MEAT received into the King's Stores at Hobart Town and Port Dalrymple; I am therefore Commanded to make the same Public accordingly.
By Command of His Honor the Lieutenant Governor,
Acting Assistant Commissary General (APPROVED) "THOMAS DAVEY."

Hobart Town, Van Diemen's Land, 15th Jan. 1817. THE Quantity of Wheat required for the Current Year, for the Purpose of Victualling those necessarily Supported at the Public Expense, being about EIGHT THOUSAND BUSHELS, such Settlers as are desirous of Supplying any Part thereof, are * requested to give in written Tenders of the Quantity:- And as this early Notice is given with a View to afford impartial Benefit to the Growers of Grain ONLY, by receiving such Proportion of their Grain as may be fair and equitable, according to the Number of Acres each individual may have had under Cultivation this present Season.
No Tenders will be received from any other Description of Persons whatever; nor will Tenders be received from Settlers from and after the 12th Day of March next ensuing; when the time is completed for the Delivery of the Tenders on the above Account.
A List will be published of the Names of the Persons and the Quantities which will be received from each respectively, and the Time when the same is to be delivered into the King's Magazine.
By Command of his Honour the Lieutenant Governor,

Acting Assistant Commissary General. (approved) "THOMAS DAVEY" ACTING ASSISTANT COMMISSARY GENERAL'S OFFICE,

Hobart Town, Wednesday, 15th January, 1817. A LIST of Persons who have delivered into this Office tenders for Supplying His Majesty's Magazine with FRESH MEAT with the Quantities which will be received from them, and the Dates when the same is to be delivered.
JANUARY 21st - lbs Mr. Hogan - 5000

Mr. Lascelles - 1800; John Blinkworth - 750; Francis Cobb - 500
Mr. McNeelance 1800 Edward Miller 1800.
14th John Wade - 4700
Francis Barnes - 750
21st Thomas Croft - 800
James Ballance - 800
William Presnell - 800 George Reynor - 800 Edward Garth - 800
Charles Connolly - 750 George Porter - 750
Robert Jillett - 1500
Thomas Clarke - 1000 Mrs. Anne Billett - 1000
Mrs. Margaret Watts - 750 Mr. John Faulkner - 750 Francis Cox - 500

By Command of His Honor the Lieutenant Governor, WILLIAM BROUGHTON,
Acting Assistant Commissary General, (APPROVED) "THOMAS DAVEY."

No comments:

Post a Comment