Thomas Wigmore was born around 1794 and he married Ellen Welland in 1824 in Dungourney. in Cork.
They had several children:
Richard Wigmore born 1824 Richard died i4 Sept 1862 in Victoria
Ellen Wigmore born 1829 Ellen married Robert Whitway and she died 1861 in Bothwell
Eliza Wigmore born 1830 Eliza married Matthew Kenner in 1851 and she died
in Battery Point in Tasmania in 1855
Mary Anne Wigmore born 1836 Marianne married Daniel Moore in 1877 in Port Sorrell
They lived in Beaconsfield.
Ellen died in 1836, possibly after the birth of Mary Ann.
There is a lot of information about Thomas' life to be found in the newspapers of the day.
The school has been running for 300 years!
Lapp's Island was once an island in the River Lee. It is now joined with the island which forms the center of Cork City, Ireland and refers to the eastern tip of that island.
It was apparently named after an owner in the 17th century.The island had probably been reclaimed from swamp at that time. In the 18th century it was separated from the main island by a canal which roughly followed what is now Parnell Place. It was fully joined to the main island by 1832.
Custom's House, at the eastern extremity of the island, sits on what was called the tongue of Lapps's Island, and the modern Lapp's Quay sits on the southern shore of Lapp's island.
Thomas now had a young daughter to raise, and he remarried to Mary Ann Wilkinson, in 1837.
Mary Ann Wilkinson was born 5th July 1808 in Ireland.
She and Thomas had a family:
William Wigmore born 1838
Mary Wigmore born 1839
Louisa Wigmore born 1840
Sophie Wigmore born 1840 d 1840 Perhaps they were twins.
In Australia they had more children
John Wigmore born 1842 in Bothwell
Helen Sophie Wigmore born 1836 in Evandale
George Wigmore born 1848 who died in 1848
In 1838 he was mentioned in relation to services to homes in Youghal
Then in 1840 the family left for Australia, together with his sister Catherine. They travelled on the Georgia and arrived in February 1841
However in Liverpool, he was assaulted by the owner of the ship Mr Thomas.
There is mention that Sophie died will on the boat to Australia 6th December 1840, however there is evidence that 7 children left Liverpool.
He had 4 children with Ellen, and then only 3 of the above children must have come. Given the records, perhaps Sophie died prior to leaving Ireland. That can be further evidenced as they named their next daughter Helen Sophie Wigmore.
Tuesday, February 23, 1841 The Port Phillip Herald lists Passengers Mrs Drew, Miss Drew, Messrs Francis and John Drew, Mrs and Miss Casey, Mr CA Williams and Mr Henry Morris,
Intermediate - Wigmore family - Rev Mr Wigmore, Mrs Mary Ann, and 6 chn - William, Richard, Ellen, Eliza, Mary, Louisa,
There were two Mary's - one Mary Ann, and one Mary. Perhaps the recorder made a transcription error.
The life of Thomas his children with Ellen and those with his wife Mary Ann Wilkinson is so interesting.
Who was Mary Ann Wilkinson?
26 June 1837 in Dublin Morning Register Marriages" At Kilmahon, Church, the Rev Thomas Wigmore of Lapp's Island, Cork to Mary Anne, second daughter of John Royal Wilkinson Esq, of Barnabrow House
Mary Ann Wilkinson was the daughter of John Royal Wilkinson Esq, who lived at Barnabrow House.
According to the Thithe Records he was a very substantial landowner.
Originally the Bishop's Palace, by 1837 it was known as Cloyne House and occupied by H. Allen. Valued at £50, occupied by John Wilkinson and held from the Ecclesiastical Commissioners at the time of Griffith's Valuation.
This house was the residence of Timothy Lane in 1814. Located on the Thomond estate and occupied by William G. Fitzgerald who held the property from John [Royal] Wilkinson at the time of Griffith's Valuation. The buildings were valued at £28. A lithograph of this house is included in the sale rental of the Thomond estate 1857. The representatives of Edward de l'E. Litton were recorded as the occupants of this house in 1906. The house now functions as a guest house.
As per his will he left his estate to his sons John William and Charles Thomas. His daughter Mary Ann received 1000 pounds.
He was a rather prominent citizen, who became very wealthy. He died 1854, and his will can be read online, in my family tree, or at the National Archives Kew.
(CMC 13/8/1802) GAME CERTIFICATES (Selections) - Cloyne
|Bourke, John, Cloyne|
Casey, Thomas, Cloyne
Gaggin, John, Ballybane, Cloyne
Lane, Timothy, Cloyne
Lawless, John, Cloyne
M’Carthy, Charles, Sunville, Cloyne
Wilkinson, John R., Gamekeeper to the Lord Bishop of Cloyne
1824 Wilkinson, John Rayal, Esq., Registrar (NGC) was the Registrar of Cloyne
The Right Reverend George Berkeley, Late Lord Bishop of Cloyne in Ireland, engraved by William Skelton, 1800
Thomas and Mary and family arrived in Tasmania, probably with excitement and intrepidation.
He became the Cleric at Bothwell in 1841. Bothwell is such a scenic area, situated not far from Oatlands, A peaceful place, with lots to see.
For the descendants of Ellen Wigmore, the town is the focus of the struggle embroiled her father, Rev Thomas Wigmore, and which saw her family separated, probably forever. Young children in a young country, with their father exiled, and their step mother probably struggling to keep the family together.
On the other hand, did Rev Thomas Wigmore's brother and sister come to her assistance?
By 1849, Henry Wigmore's wife had died, perhaps he and Thomas spent family time together.
Their sister Catherine was also in the Colony. Unfortunately unless there are family memories, trying to put this piece of family history together is pure speculation.
But whatever happened, they should be very proud that their father, husband and brother was prepared to stand up for his rights, and even though it took some years, the bitter treatment that he received was vindicated.
The Thomas Wigmore S.P.C.K. was appointed the first resident Chaplain of the Church of England on 23rd. March 1841 He was a missionary for the Anglican Church Society of the Propagation of the Gospel in Foreign Parts.
The Society for the Propagation of the Gospel in Foreign Parts (SPG) was a Church of England missionary organization active in the British Atlantic world in the 18th and 19th centuries. Founded in 1701 by Reverend Thomas Bray and a small group of lay and clerical associates, it sent Anglican clergymen and religious literature to Britain’s colonies, supported schoolmasters and the establishment of new churches, and lobbied for a more expansive place for the Church of England in Britain’s burgeoning empire. In total, the SPG supported more than four hundred overseas agents in the 18th century. Bray and his collaborators believed that the colonial Church of England was underdeveloped, that it had too few properly ordained ministers, and that dissenters, especially Quakers, exercised too much influence in the colonies. Many SPG supporters also looked on global Roman Catholic missionary activity with a mixture of awe and hostility, and envisioned the organization as a counterweight to the Jesuits and other Catholic orders. The society focused its attention on British colonies without strong Anglican legal establishments. As a result, while its role in the Chesapeake and most Caribbean colonies was minimal, the SPG was continuously active in the lower South, the mid-Atlantic, New England, Bermuda, and colonies that would become part of Canada. It also operated in Barbados, where a charitable bequest aimed at establishing a college made the society owners of a slave-worked sugar plantation, and it launched the first British missionary program in West Africa beginning in the 1750s. The SPG devoted the bulk of its resources to bringing Anglican worship to European settlers and was instrumental in the long-term institutional development of the Church of England and Episcopalianism in the United States, Canada, and elsewhere. It also worked, albeit with mixed results, toward the Christianization of Native Americans and free and enslaved Africans and African Americans. The society’s original charter confined its operations to Britain’s colonies, so its activities in much of mainland North America ceased with the establishment of an independent United States in 1783. In the aftermath of the American Revolution, the society expanded its activities in the Caribbean and what remained of British North America, and then became an increasingly global missionary organization as the 19th century progressed. The society remains active worldwide, operating after 1965 as the United Society for the Propagation of the Gospel (USPG) and since a 2012 rebranding as the United Society or “Us.”
He was a learned man, one who had a great deal of experience in the Church of England. He came from a wealthy Irish family. He and his family deserved better than what developed.
|The Courier (Hobart, Tas. : 1840 - 1859), Friday 12 March 1841|
In 1841, he began recording the burials in the Bothwell Cemetery, according to their Historical Society.
But his world changed in September 1841, when he became involved in a meeting of the Bothwell
From the above reports, it is quite clear that the Secretary handled his duties correctly and within his lawful guidelines. It is also quite clear that many members had no idea of meeting procedures, and there was a definite bias being displayed against poor Mr Cockrill.
It should be remembered that Rev Thomas Wigmore was no stranger to meeting procedures, as his time in Ireland revealed.
Unfortunately there seemed to be from that moment, a definite plot to cause problems, and the one person in their sights was Rev Thomas Wigmore.
This day about 12 o'clock Dr. Hall and I saw Mr. Wigmore passing along a street leading from the library with two books belonging to the library under his arm ; we immediately repaired to the library room, when we found the door wrenched open, the box head of the lock being broken.
We proceeded to examine the library, where two volumes were missing; Mr. Wigmore entered the library under great excitement, took one of the books of the library- "asked Mr. Redmond for paper to take notes-tore up some paper belonging to the society for that purpose-talked about the Archdeacon solemn subject-have me before him, will they?"
J. Garrett, Secretary, pro tenu. (Signed) E. S. Hall, Librarian.
The article was too large, so is in two parts.
"The requisition calling the meeting was about to be read by the Chairman, when the Reverend Mr. Wigmore rose, and with great violence of manner protested against the meeting, saying: " He would acknowledge no Chairman; that he had come there for the purpose of opposing the meeting ; to prevent, by every means in his power, the business thereof being proceeded in that he would use no violence but the violence of language, and that he would prove it (the requisition) to be the act of one or two creatures."
The requisition, however, was read, in spite of the uproar thus occasioned by Mr. Wigmore, and which he kept up by every sort of interruption he could think of, and when called to order replied : I set all authority at defiance, you are an absolute banditti." Here the chairman called for the interference of the chief district constable, who was present, but he declined acting.
A correspondence between Mr. M'Dowall, treasurer, and the secretary, Mr. Wigmore, was laid on the table and read; from which it appeared that Mr. Wigmore had declined giving an extract of a minute of the society, authorising the payment of a certain sum of money to a member who had advanced it for the benefit of the society, as was his duty as secretary to have done. It also appeared that Mr. Wigmore, as secretary, refused to call a meeting of the society, in terms of a requisition addressed to him by a quorum of the committee, for the purpose of bringing his conduct under the notice of the society; this being the case, and taken in connexion with certain publications in the newspapers bearing Mr. Wigmore's name, reflecting upon the society, and also his degrading and outrageous conduct during the whole of the proceedings, it was unanimously resolved that he should be expelled the society.
Moved by by Mr. Roderick M'Kenzie, and seconded by Mr Edward Nicholas-
"That the Rev. Thomas Wigmore's name he erased from the list of members, in consequence of his outrageous conduct." Carried unanimously, and erased accordingly.
During this part of the proceedings Mr. Wigmore said : "You are putting that paper (the motion) into the hands of a man who promised me not to attend, or to take any part in the proceedings of this day; "asking, at the same time, tauntingly, " Whether Mr. M'Kenzie could read? Whether there was any more dirty work for him to do? and whether he had paid his subscription?" Here he called someone a liar;" and said, "I'll not say like a clergyman, for you have made me unfrock myself."
Moved by Mr. Horne, and seconded by Mr. Tod- "That Mr. Allardyce be elected secretary in the room of Mr. Wigmore." Carried unanimously.
Moved by Mr. Edward Nicholas, and seconded by Mr. Cockerill-
"That Mr. Tod be elected a member of the committee in the room of the late secretary " Elected accordingly.
The secretary was instructed from the chair to write to Mr. Wigmore without delay, requesting him to deliver up the records of the society. Mr. Wigmore replied: " There is no use in writing; I'll not do it; 1 do avow that it is a horrible, a revolting sight, to see men that I have heard reviling one another brought together to work like tame bullocks for the purpose of persecuting one poor individual."
concluding by addressing himself to Mr. John Clark, of Cluny : "What an excellent actor you are John .You were made for the stage You drew aside the veil, and you have seen through me. We have the two cleverest men in the island in the society "Dr. Hall, the librarian, was instructed from the chair to take possession of the key of the library, and not to give it to any one without the authority of the society.
Moved by John Clark, Esq., and seconded by F. S. Horne, Esq -" That the thanks of the society be given to A. M'Dowall, Esq., for his able and impartial conduct in the chair". Carried unanimously.
J. Garrett, Secretary, pro tem.
Members Present. Captain Clark, J.P.; A. M'Dowall; John Clark, J. P.; Dr. Hall; Rev. J. Garrett; John Tod; F. S. Horne; Rev. Thomas Wigmore; Edward Nicholas; Roderick M'Kenzie; H. M. Cockerill; - Redmond."
"JUSTIFICATION of the Character and Conduct of the Rev. Thomas Wigmore, Chaplain of Bothwell.
It is intended to publish, with as little delay as possible, and to circulate (gratis) a Pamphlet under the above title, with a short address to the lovers of truth and justice.
The avowed abject is to show that the persecutions of Mr. Benjamin Horne, of Ross, and his son, Mr. Francis Sharpe Horne, of Bothwell, were unprovoked in their origin, malignant in their continuance for more than eighteen months, and, now that they are drawing to a close, ruinous to me in their issue, driving me with a wife and seven children to the verge of beggary.
The Sheriff of Van Diemen' Land is now in possession of all my worldly goods and within a few short days will submit them to public competition under the stroke of his official hammer.
Bothwell, March 22."
"The Bishop of Tasmania- A correspondent sends us an idle rumour, and asks if it be true, to the effect that his lordship having been asked by Mr. Wigmore for the reasons of his dismissal, had declined to allege any; and that on this another reverend gentleman had addressed the Bishop to the effect that if clergymen were to be dismissed without having the reasons assign, their case was one of grossest bondage.
"To the Clergy and Benevolent Laity of Van Diemen's Land.
TORN from all that are dear to me on earth, a wife and eight children, I sail for London this day.
To meet the expenses of this painful and perilous voyage, I am compelled to devote all the resources at my command. During our separation I charge the care of my dear family on you.
Hobart Town, Sept 25.
1845, English, Book edition: Vindication of the character and conduct of the Rev. T. Wigmore ... : in a letter, addressed to the Lord Bishop of Tasmania, with a preface to the public. Wigmore, T., active 1844-1845.
|He took his case to the House of Commons in 1850|
The Vindication of Rev Thomas Wigmore
From the Clergy of Cork Cloyne and Ross:
WIGMORE. THOMAS. Deacon, 29 Sept., 1819, and Priest, 14 August, 1825, both at Cloyne. He appears, in 1823, as Curate of Cove (Clonmel;, and on 20 Dec., 1827, was licensed to the curacy of Lisgoold and Ballycarana.
The following are among the Marriage Bonds of Cloyne :-" 1824. Rev. Thomas Wigmore, of Midleton, and Ellen Welland, of Killeagh Farm."-" 1837. Rev. Thomas Wigmore, of Cork city, and Mary A. Wilkinson, of Barnabrow."
After reinstatement, and a time in London, it appears that Thomas returned to his family home in Cork. From the research of his various extended family members, all seemed to live on the family lands.
By 1855 he was back as Vicar of Midleton.
He may have been staying with his brother William and sister, both who did not marry.
|Description:||Thomas Wigmore occupied this house in the mid 19th century. He held it from the representatives of Viscount Midleton and it was valued at £9+.|
|Poor Law Union:||Middleton|
|DED:||Middleton Rural 268|
|OS Sheet Number:||76|
|OSI Grid Reference:||W853 708|
He had been a Minister for almost 50 years, a remarkable achievement,
Next time you visit Ireland, perhaps you will be lucky enough to stumble on a grave in one of the many old cemeteries, like this one at Ballynocorra in Cork, of one of your Wigmore ancestors.